How far is it accurate to say that significant progress had been made in segregation from 1955 to 1963?

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How far is it accurate to say that significant progress had been made in segregation from 1955 to 1963?

  This period was certainly of prime importance. During this era, the rate of protest versus segregation really began to increase, building on the momentum of the decade before. It was also during this period that tension and resentment grew to the level that lead to the development of more radical organisations, although they did not come to the fore themselves before 1963 - 55 to 63 was mainly characterised by peaceful protest.

   The highest profile and most remembered of these was in 1955, the Montgomery Bus Boycott - a watershed for the movement, proving that peaceful resistance - especially when the action created economic fallout - could be successful in forcing change. The event also proved that, after the debacle of the ambiguous Brown Vs Board of Education ruling, that a grass roots approach could influence direct change.

  The story is well versed; the NAACP was looking for an event with which to legitimise a boycott, and it came when Rosa Parks - an NAACP employee herself - was asked to leave her seat for a white man, and refused. After being arrested and fined, Martin Luther King proposed a boycott by all blacks of the city bus transit system, relying instead on carpools to get around, or taxis driven by blacks who modified their fares to be equal to that of a bus journey. The protest lasted over a year, during which protesters were attacked, and buildings firebombed by white supremacists. However, once nationwide attention was brought to the cause, the tide turned in the boycott's favour; in June 1956 the supreme court ruled that public transport segregation in Alabama was unconstitutional, a ruling Alabama finally accepted in December. The protesters emerged victorious, and the movement had found its first widely known leader - King. The event, undoubtedly, was a significant leap forward due to nationwide coverage brought the plight of southern blacks to the attentions of northern white moderates.

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  Other peaceful, grassroots protests followed, such as the Greensboro and Nashville sit-ins. Here, black students - along with white sympathisers - would defy segregation by sitting in white only areas, such as the lunch counter in the Greensboro Woolworth's department store. On the first day of the protest, 4 students sat at the counter all day, refusing to leave (they were not served). The next day, the number grew five fold to 20; this became 60 on the third; and more than 300 on the fourth, a monumental level of escalation, showing the amount of people opposed to ...

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