How far was the defeat of Germany in 1945 the most important turning point on International relations in the period 1879 1980?

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How far was the defeat of Germany in 1945 the most important turning point on International relations in the period 1879 – 1980?

There was continuous unrest regarding International relations during the period 1879-1980. The defeat of Germany in 1945 by far was the most important turning point.  The defeat let to the rise of the superpowers and the development of communism and capitalism, also the division of Europe and also produced a global power vacuum. Other factors that can be considered as a turning point on International relations is the Origins of the first world war which was the consequence of the alliance system. The Treaty of Versailles also played it part as it led to the first world war, furthermore the development of the Cold War and the Munich agreement had an impact on International relations during the given period.

The defeat of Germany in 1945 ended the second world war however it took a turn for International relations. As Hitler was seen as the common enemy, the USA and USA no longer had a common aim. This brought back the  mistrust and suspicion in Europe that existed before the Munich Agreement. ‘In Taylor’s opinion, none of the great powers wanted a war, but all of the great powers wished to increase their power relative to the others.’ Europe was left without a dictator after Hitler’s defeat which led to a power vacuum, and as the Superpowers did not trust one another , this took a turn for International relations.  The time after the defeat of Germany left a state of confusion and Germany was left with no economic or political power. The Superpowers did not know what to do with state , as they had separate ideologies and they did not want to see Germany under the reign of another dictator. The USSR and USA  chose to divide Germany between them which eventually led to the Berlin Blockade. The tension between International relations was at its peak as Russia did not agree with Britain, USA and France’s ideologies. This eventually led to the rise of Communism and Capitalism, also known as the Cold War.  blamed Germany for the war. He ‘believed that many members of the German government had overtly expansionist plans, formulated in the aftermath of social democratic gains in the election of 1912.’  Germany  played a key role in international relations over the period of  1879 – 1980 but the defeat of Germany was a crucial turning point for International relations, it created conflict, mistrust and ended up dividing Europe. Without its defeat there would not have been the creation of the Berlin Blockade and the Cold War.

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It can be said that Otto Von Bismarck’s Alliance System had its own impact on International relations. The leader of Germany at the time was interested in rebuilding his country but saw France as a threat. To bide time and prevent war , in 1879 Bismarck signed an alliance with Austria Hungary.

This alliance meant that the two countries would help each other financially and militarily when needed. This alliance is used in the crisis between Serbia and Austria- Hungary which eventually leads to the First world war.  has allocated blame for the outbreak of war entirely to ...

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