How Far was the Sino-soviet split of the late 1960s the result of ideological differences between two communist powers?

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How Far was the Sino-soviet spilt of the late 1960’s the result of ideological differences between two communist powers?

In the 1960’s the once close communist nations of the USSR and China began drifting apart. On the one hand this is due to ideological differences which split ideals of the communist nations; with differing ideas and beliefs towards the direction of their socialist republics it is clear that the USSR and China could not persist to negotiate. However, this is not the only factor responsible for the split as national interest and personality play a major role.

Firstly, ideological differences were responsible for splitting the two communist powers. Ideological differences were a major factor as without a collective agreement both nations would repel and fail to accept any actions by their neighbour. Mao’s was heavily critical of Khrushchev’s policy of peaceful coexistence as it sought better relations with the USA. To china, this was the natural enemy. This demonstrates how differences on both foreign policy and political ideas would cause a larger split between the two nations, Mao was adamant at this point in the 1960’s not to work with the USA; it went against the million of comrades he viewed as ‘struggling ‘ to free themselves from capitalist oppression. A distance between the nations seemed imminent. Similarly, ideological differences regarding domestic policy created a rift between the two nations. The USSR criticised of the ‘great leap forward’ and the Chinese plans to trigger the change from agriculture to ‘back yard steel furnaces’ meaning that the Chinese saw the USSR as limiting their ability to prosper- this was reinforced through the feeling that soviet economic and military aid would be limited. Khrushchev in his speech in 1956 had condemned the domestic policies of Stalin. Yet, Mao’s own domestic policies had been moulded on that of his idol, Stalin, it was clear that neither nations agreed on the direction of a communist nation. This would mean that a split was inevitable; they were not striving for the same goal.

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However, ideological differences were not fully responsible for this deterioration in relations. Personality was responsible for reinforcing the rift in Sino-soviet relations in the 1960’s. With a clash of leaders and dominant personality the nations could not continue to engage in mutual agreement; their simple ‘playground’ hate for one another would interrupt the true objective. Mao as a strongly ambitious character wanted to provoke a ‘revolution’ highlighting the strengths of China. However, Khrushchev not trusting Mao was not prepared for China to rise in Dominance. This can be as early as the Korean war were Mao was treated almost as ...

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