Why it had to be Louis? Firstly, he was on the throne a year before the war; Secondly, he was old and overweight, he would not be ambitious to fight a war, or create one, he would not have much long to live consequently he can be manipulated by the Allies for their own benefit. Nevertheless his restoration has caused a commotion among the lower class, even to the Allies. They were concerned that he was to be associated with the old regime of his brother, Louis XVI, the ‘Ancien Regime’.
In response, Louis XVIII granted the Charter of Liberties of 1814. This was considered as a ‘remarkable document’, even though it did not limit the Kings power but it create an ‘olive branch’ affect. The Charter created equality to ‘All Frenchmen before the law, whatever their title or rank’, Article 1, one of the first twelve articles that stabilise society where they gain jobs due to talent not rank, this is done by keeping the Napoleonic Code . This was a successful response as it demonstrated that the King was prepared to compromise and able to gain support of the pays legal, the bourgeoisie.
Another dilemma that Louis had to face was the harsh conditions of the 2nd Treaty of Paris. After the 100 day war, France was punished harshly, however it was not as strict as the amount that Germany had to pay after the First World War. France had to pay 700 million franc and allied forces occupying in the Northern area of France for five years. Due to his appointments, some historians would remark as ‘brilliant’, for example: Decazes was the fourth Chief Minister of France who help Louis repay the war reparations, along with Richelieu, two years early along with negotiating the removal of the foreign troop occupation out of France. This was a successful response to Louis’ domestic and foreign policy.
During the period 1815-16, France was terrorised with the arrival of the émigrés, the Ultra Royalists, bring about a second ‘White Terror’ massacring anyone involved in the 100 day war and taken their land. Fear was brought to the streets of France, gaining a majority in the first elections in the Chamber of Deputies. Louis referred them as the ‘La Chambre Introvable’ commenting them being more royalist than himself.