How valid is the claim that the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan saved Western Europe from communism in the aftermath of the Second World War?
The Truman Doctrine 1947 was a declaration of policy, in which America felt the right to protect the free people from the threat of communism. How America planned to do this was through the Marshall Plan 1947, where if a country requested, America would fund them in the fight against communism, and help to rebuild their economy. Some historians believe this policy to be what it is – helping countries to stay democratic, in the fight against the suppressive communism, other historians believe this to be a political move, where by offering money to needy countries, America was bribing its political alliance. Whatever their underlying motive, it would appear that they were successful.
These two polices came just in time when Britain declared it could no longer support the civil war in Greece, and the fight for Turkey. America then donated $350 million to Greece and $50 million to Turkey to help fund the war on communism. A bigger sum was given to Greece, perhaps because it was more of a threat to Europe if it became communist, geographically – but nonetheless, even if America had its personal goals to achieve, Turkey and Greece did not reside to communism.