• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How well equipped was Tsar Nicholas II to deal with the problems that faced him in 1900?

Extracts from this document...


How well equipped was Tsar Nicholas II to deal with the problems that faced him in 1900? The Tsar faced many problems in 1900. These problems were mainly brought on by the economic and social changes occurring worldwide in the 19th century. With industrialisation came the need for change, something which the Tsars had been unwilling to do for years which merely built up the problems. In 1900 these problems were widespread and difficult for the Tsar to deal with. Many of these issues such as the need for agricultural development and an improvement in social conditions were issues which would take a lot of time to improve and would often be expensive. There were however other short term problems which Nicholas II faced, particularly the opposition to the Tsar from political groups. There was growing calls for reform amongst these groups, and Nicholas II would have felt he had to deal with them. Opposition groups were a problem in 1900 for Tsar Nicholas II. There were 3 main groups of opposition; the liberals, the socialist revolutionaries and the social democrats. The liberals were a non-militant or extremist group who challenged the absolute power of the Tsar, wanting a constitutional monarchy, but perhaps not total democracy. ...read more.


Therefore the Tsar was more likely to repress the opposition than concede to them. To repress the opposition he could use a number of well tried and tested techniques which the Tsars had been using for years. He could censor publications and the media to remove negative comments or opinions about him so he did not lose support. He could also sensor opposition publications to prevent them gaining support. The Tsar could also exile the leaders of opposition, which would therefore weaken the party and potentially prevent them from developing. He could also use the Okhrana, the secret police to infiltrate opposition. This would lead to arrests of leaders and also intelligence being built up by the Okhrana so that the party's movements and activities would be known. Nicholas could also use propaganda against opposition groups to lose them support and also gain him support by exaggerating his successes. Finally in extreme cases Nicholas II could use troops against uprisings or large riots to crush any large threats which grew out of hand. The Tsar was also faced by many long term problems. In 1900 Russia's administration was very unorganised and backwards. ...read more.


It would have angered the upper classes and so won him more enemies. Overall Tsar Nicholas II was not well placed to deal with the problems he faced in 1900. There were no immediate solutions to the issues he faced and in the face of growing opposition and discontent this was what he required. Many of the long term problems he faced would need to be brought in over a long period of time and also at great expense which meant he was less able to deal with them since it may take a life time to complete some of them. The short term problems Nicholas II faced were much more easy to manage, either by repression or concession. Therefore since repression was the policy he was most likely to pursue Tsar Nicholas II would have been forced to repress in the short term while bringing in a number of long term reforms, something which he had neither the vision nor the skill to do. In the words of The Miniaturist 'only a genius' could have 'coped with the task of ruling a vast Empire in the grips of a deepening revolutionary crisis... and Nicholas was no genius'. ?? ?? ?? ?? Paul Marie ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Describe the Russia that Tsar Nicholas II inherited

    Large workplaces became centres of Tsarist opposition, and Marxist theories of overthrowing the government could easily spread. For example, during the February 1917 revolution, the Putilov engineering works housed much opposition to the Tsar and revolutionary ideologies reached many proletariat.

  2. Describe the Russia that Tsar Nicholas II inherited

    He emancipated the serfs, giving them greater freedoms. While a popular move, Alexander II failed to understand the problem that radical change of the social system would mean that a radical change in the political system was needed. While Alexander II was willing to concede some of his powers to local councils, he did not want to lose his autocratic will.

  1. How well does Alexander II deserve his reputation as The Tsar Liberator(TM)?

    Such historians place emphasis on Alexander's liberal education, he had been educated under the supervision of the liberally inclined Romantic poet Vasilii Zhukovskii and between 1835 and 1837 he heard lectures on Russian law from the reforming bureaucrat Mikhail Speranskii.

  2. Florence Nightingale is well known for her radical innovations in nursing care.

    "I have invented a new system of logarithms (finding the capacities of arithmetic not sufficiently extensive) to count the number of times "Imperial Majesty" occurs in the speech..." [Nightingale, 10]. Chapter 2 - Crimean War Miss Nightingale took up her first position, as Superintendent of an institution in Harley Street for the care of "Sick Gentlewomen in Distressed Circumstances".

  1. Was Nicholas II a good ruler for Russia?

    reads ?What is going to happen to me, to all Russia? I am not prepared to be the tsar. I never wanted to become one. I know nothing of the business of ruling. I have no idea of even how to talk to a minister.? This shows that Nicholas himself

  2. How effectively did Weimar governments deal with the problems faced between 1919-1929?

    As banknotes flooded the economy their value plummeted, leading to rapid increases in prices and wages. Hyperinflation eroded the cash savings of the middle/working class and disrupted commercial activity. The results of hyperinflation were complicated and bad such as: everyone suffered shortages as German marks were worthless in comparison to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work