• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How were the reds able to defeat the whites in the Russian civil war

Extracts from this document...


How were the Reds able to defeat the Whites in the Russian civil war? From the summer of 1918 a civil war began in Russia between the Bolsheviks (called the reds) and their opponents (called the whites). There were several reasons why the reds won the civil war in 1921, I will go through each of them in turn before coming to a conclusion on which I think was the most influential. The Reds were a single minded group with a single political aim based on an important single geographical area of Russia. The Whites on the other hand were divided politically and geographically and they received only limited support from the western countries. There was a massive turning point in the war. This was very important. Up until the autumn of 1919, the Whites had been successful. They were starting to look to close to victory for Trotsky's liking. ...read more.


In his organising of the Red army, Trotsky used professional army officer to make sure the battles were carefully and tactically organised. He got political commissars to work with the officers. This was not their only job however, if the officers were not loyal the Commissars were too execute them. Sometimes they used their families as hostages. Another factor that helped the Red Army was that Trotsky made sure they were very well fed. He made it compulsory for men to join the Red Army and brought back the death penalty. His ruthlessness was notorious and the means in my opinion did not justify the ends but there is no question that he built the red army to be a great fighting force. The Reds used terror as a deliberate tactic to weaken opposition to their rule. The Bolsheviks showed their true colours here. ...read more.


Once again this helped the Red army but for everyone else it was tragic. The Reds made great use of women to help in their war effort. Bolshevik women were one of the reasons why the Bolsheviks won. They were not only used as spies, to dig trenches and fortifications, and helped with propaganda, but they fought and died on the front lines. Konkordia Samoilovna, Alexandra Kollantai and Larrisa Reisner were all famous women who helped the blosheviks to victory. All of the above reason contributed to help the Bolsheviks succeed against the whites. Of the five reasons why the Reds won the civil war I believe that the most important reason was the way that Trotsky created an effective and ruthless army. I believe this because without the successful army they would never have had a chance. The whites would have succeeded in the autumn of 1919 and on many other occasions. The strength of the army led them to victory along with the other reasons but the army was the decisive factor. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How far were White weaknesses responsible for Red success in Russian Civil War?

    Furthermore, the Whites did not only lack numbers but were scattered around the edges of the central area of Russia, separated by large distances. This made communications difficult, especially moving men and weapons, coordinating the attacks of different White armies and even conscripting men as the areas were not as populated as the central, Red held ones.

  2. To what extent was the Civil War the main factor in the Bolshevik

    But this threat was suppressed by the Bolsheviks as Trotsky saw this as being detrimental to them and wanted to dispose of this. "Hundreds of hired agents who have penetrated...Red Army units...corrupting and inciting men to desert...I declare that from now on an end must be put to this by using merciless means"11.

  1. Why did the Reds win the civil war

    The opposing party the Whites had significant factors not in their favour that made it easier for the Reds to win the civil war. One of these factors was the division in the party. The White party consisted of many different groups that were fighting for different issues.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    The Switzerland Confrences The attacks against the the Marine and French compounds seemed timed to coincide with the start of Lebanon's long-awaited national reconciliation conference but the conference went ahead. At the Geneva conference in early November Saudi influence achieved a limited consensus between the Maronite, Muslim, and Druze participants

  1. The Great Terror in Leningrad: a Quantitative Analysis.

    Khlevnyuk argues that the Stalinist leadership always considered terror as its main method of struggle with a potential 'fifth column'. The cruel repression of 1937-8 was above all determined by biographical particulars.

  2. How far do you agree with the proposition that the outcome of the civil ...

    The Red Army's ideals were to gain control of the whole country, peace and ultimately a communist civilisation. The Reds were fortunate in that they had a severe geographical advantage. Control over Petrograd and Moscow meant they had a huge reservoir of man power and therefore a huge army and outnumbered the Whites 10-1.

  1. Why the Whites lost the Civil War of Russia.

    there was political paradox - Great Russian nationalists and advocates of a restored and unified Great Russian states were based in regions dominated by non Russians and autonomy minded Cossacks � The Whites did not have access to the seas and Allied support.

  2. Why did the Reds win and the Whites lose the civil war?

    One effect of allied intervention was to make the Bolsheviks look like good patriots against foreign interference. In contrast the Red Army had Trotsky as their leader, along with a cohesive base in his train.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work