Identify and analyze the political and cultural issues in the debate over Pan-Slavism.

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Identify and analyze the political and cultural issues in the debate over Pan-Slavism.

In the early nineteenth century, Slavic peoples from multiple empires in eastern and southern Europe began to pursue a movement to protect and organize Slavic culture. In 1848, this movement became more political. It gained a reputation and an attempt was made to unify all Slavic peoples. This movement became known as Pan-Slavism. Pan-Slavism appealed to many Slavs who felt a certain nationalism and patriotism towards their race, but there nevertheless existed many different opinions among the Slavs when it came to the specifics of the movement. Some believed that there was a cultural, ethnic, and political connection among all Slavs, while others argued that there was no place for Pan-Slavic goals in the then-existing empires. Above all, the cultural and political issues in the debate over Pan-Slavism were held in the nationalism for one’s race and a quest for power. We see this from statements pertaining to the Pan-Slavic movement from advocates of it- for instance, in the statement made by Jan Kollar in document 3, she petitions for the unification of the Slavs regardless of their respective sub-races, asking that “nationality come after humanity’. The political center of the Pan Slavic movement lay in the quest of power through unification. However, more people were doubtful of this idea rather than in favor of it.

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When looking at the distribution of the Slavs across various empires in Documents 1 and 2, we can see that while they were spread across a fairly range range of land, they were particularly concentrated the the Russian Empire, though most diversified in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The magnitude of the Russian empire in its own right thus almost repulsed some members of it from any sort of unification with other empires in the right of maintaining their reputation of a non-submissive and prominent, domineering government- this is evident in the statement of Gabriel de Wesselitsky in Document 14(Pan-Slavism, he ...

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