In What Ways Was The Siege Of Antioch The Turning Point Of The First Crusade?

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Ben Jacques

In What Ways Was The Siege Of Antioch The Turning Point Of The First Crusade?

The capture of Antioch was a major victory for the Crusaders, it embodied a turnaround in fortune for them as they had capture land for themselves, had a more streamlined army, defeated a huge Muslim force, showed they could capture Jerusalem and worsened Muslim disunity.

Antioch was a turning point because it was a true test of the Crusaders ability, until now they had had support from the Byzantines and had not faced a Citadel quite like this. Antioch was a huge city, one they could not even encircle, and its capture showed that the Crusaders were a serious threat to the rest of the Holy Land and had a chance of capturing such a huge city such as Jerusalem. Antioch showed that the Crusaders were not an unorganised rabble that would fall into disarray under real Muslim power but actually an effective and ruthless fighting force that could easily match Muslim forces that even outnumbered them. Antioch was a test for the Crusaders, whether they had any chance in the capture of Jerusalem, and there success showed that the Crusaders aim could be achieved and that they had a serious chance of conquering the whole area.

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Antioch was a disaster for the Muslims and a triumph for the Crusaders. They had defeated a Muslim force that was far greater than theirs proving their military prestige. It saw the end of Muslim actively trying to attack the Crusaders and their dominance militarily. The Crusaders were now the most powerful force in the holy land and finally had the military might to strike at Jerusalem. Antioch also meant that the Crusader army was more streamlined with weaker followers such as the women and non-fighters gone. This left a smaller but more manoeuvrable and almost equal in force army ...

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