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AS and A Level: International History, 1945-1991

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  1. Critical analysis of why America Lost the Vietnam War

    USA?s goal was to destroy communism, where as the Vietnamese people?s plight was to gain freedom from another invader. America did not understand this and therefore thought that technology and bombs would make North Vietnam give up communism. Operation rolling thunder was instituted in 1965. This included bombing North Vietnam to stop support aid coming to the viet cong in the south. The South was experiencing a civil war against its own communist supporters, the Viet Cong. Despite the usage of millions of tons of bombs, Usa did not gain victory because they were bombing a jungle dwelling nation, which did not only a few supply lines but complicated jungle trails and tunnel networks.

    • Word count: 759
  2. How successful was the Federal Republic of Germany in controlling political extremism between 1949 and 1989?

    The Socialist Reich Party had views similar to those of the Nazis. They were banned from the parliament; this was allowed under the basic law when democracy was potentially under threat. The KPD organised communist demonstrations in cities. The FRG used the basic law to ban the KPD also, claiming it was an un-constitutional party. Two organisations set up in the 1950?s to battle political extremism were the BFV and BND. The BFV, set up in 1950, investigated people who they suspected to be working against the basic law within the country.

    • Word count: 632
  3. Which had the greater impact on preventing the reunification of Germany, the FRGs membership of NATO or East German membership of the Warsaw Pact?

    In 1949, the Americans, British, and French joined their zones of occupation in West Germany to set up another country, the Federal Republic of Germany. The Soviets reacted by setting up the German Democratic Republic in East Germany. On May 5, 1955, the American, French, and British constrains formally finished their military control of West Germany, which turned into an autonomous nation. After four days, West Germany was made an individual from NATO. For U.S. policymakers, this was a vital stride in the safeguard of Western Europe.

    • Word count: 677
  4. Which had the greater impact on preventing the four occupying powers from agreeing on German unity, the amalgamation of the SPD and KPD in April 1946 or disagreement over German reparations?

    This was minor because it didn?t have a strong impact on German unity. The Allies agreed that Germany should never again have the opportunity to destroy European peace as it had in the two world wars. A primary aim of the Allies was to prevent the resurgence of a powerful and aggressive Germany. As a first step toward demilitarizing, degasifying, and democratizing Germany, the Allies established an international military tribunal in August 1945 to jointly try individuals considered responsible for the outbreak of the war and for crimes committed by the Hitler regime.

    • Word count: 601
  5. 'The Wartime "Grand Alliance" between Britain, the USA and the USSR was undermined by mutual suspicion.' Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.

    The Grand Alliance had met at three conferences; Tehran in 1943, and Yalta and Potsdam in 1945. Disagreements emerged over Germany, Poland and Eastern Europe economic reconstruction and nuclear weapons ? the arms race had emerged between the USSR and USA. By 1946, the Grand Alliance had completely broken down due to problems not being resolved. The Atlantic Charter was eight principles policy between the Allies. The principles had defined the Allies goals for the post-war world and it also presented the unity between the USA, Britain and the USSR. However, there was wartime disagreement between the Grand Alliance.

    • Word count: 1078

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Analyse the Reasons for Bolivar's Failure to Unite the Countries He Liberated

    "In conclusion, one realises that there were a varying number of factors that contributed to Bolivar's failure to unite the Latin American States. These reasons however branch off of two specific factors. Firstly, Bolivar refused to accept the states' newfound nationalism as a strong and important factor, to understand the differences among the states. This showed in the elites' unwillingness to accept Bolivar's grand plans for their independent nations. Secondly, Bolivar, against his earlier judgement attempted to manage a republic over too vast a geographical area. As he could not be everywhere at once, his large republic became increasingly difficult to maintain. Eventually this led to individuals acting freely in his absence. Though Bolivar was quite a humble gentleman, he allowed those around him to persuade him that his popularity as 'liberator' would allow him to be successful in his plans. 1 Belaunde, Victor A. Bolivar and the Political Thought of the Spanish American Revolution, 1967."

  • The First World War was the result of a badly mismanaged Balkan crisis in the summer of 1914 rather than the product of long standing rivalries between the great powers" Assess the truth of this opinion

    "In conclusion, I think that the immediate cause of the outbreak of war was definitely the July crisis in the summer of 1914. However the crucial decisions made by the leading figure were in fact influenced by the rise in international tension from about 1905 which was partly generated by the German policy of Weltpolitik. It's obvious to say that between 1905 and 1913 no-one is authority actually wanted a war and Britain in the actual crisis of the summer of 1914 was neither planning a war nor even sure about what to do in the event of one whereas the Germans as early as 8th July 1912 had discussions about a possible war. The outbreak of war was not a result of a badly mismanaged Balkan crisis in the summer of 1914, it was the final straw of long-standing rivalries."

  • Geoffroy d'AspremontForeign Policy II - Dr Ann Hughes "Discuss the importance of location in states' foreign policy behaviour and assess how technological change has affected the significance of location."

    "In conclusion, technological advances have only slightly affected the importance of location in the foreign policy behaviour. It permits to strong states to diminish, to some extent, the disadvantages of their locations. As for weak states, they try to take advantage of their locations to fill their lack of technology. In spite of his modern army, the Soviet army was unable to destroy the resistance in the Mountainous Afghanistan. America can invade Iraq and Afghanistan with its advanced weapons but has neither shattered the Iraqis' resistance nor captured Bin-Laden."

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