Korean war - Domestic pressure an devents in asia

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                            Korean War

Domestic Pressure rather than events in Asia governed the USA’s intervention in, and conduct of the Korean conflict. How far do you agree with these views?

There are two views, firstly is that the domestic pressure applied on the US administration and the events of Asia. After the end of the Second World War the war time allies, Russia and America, became bitter enemies in a war that seemed, on the surface, to be about the Capitalist and Communist Ideology. This conflict caused Europe to be split by and “iron curtain” which divided eastern and Western Europe. This war was to be a cold war rather than a “hot war” where the two superpowers, USSR and the USA, never actually fought each other. This conflict spread to Asia where the power gap created by the defeat of the Japanese caused Korea, which was annexed by Japan since 1910, to become split along the 38th parallel, like Europe was split along the iron curtain, with Soviet backed communist North Korea lead by Kim IL Sung and US backed South Korea under the rule of Syngman Rhee who was a hard line anti communist. These two leaders wanted to unify North and South Korea into a unified Korea that was ruled by one of them.

The war between North and South Korea started out as a civil war with border skirmishes since 1949. Many of the events in Asia caused domestic pressure on the Truman Administration back home. The US Administration came under heavy domestic pressure in 1949 , after feeling very happy for winning the Berlin airlift,  When in august 1949 the USSR developed their own Atomic Bomb , The world was living in fear of a new world war with nuclear weapons. Truman faced heavy domestic pressure in October 1949 the communist revolution in china succeeded and china becomes the People’s Republic of China, this was very bad news for the USA, ¼ of the world turns communists.

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Events in Asia such as the successful surprise attack by the communist North against the south on 25 January 1950 pushed back all the South Korean forces and the American soldiers that were occupying Japan , back all the way to the Pusan region. In September 1950 General McArthur launches the attack on Inchon behind enemy lines. After many days of bombarding the harbour, UN forces led by US troops land and drive the North Korean Army Back all the way to the Chinese Korean border. Crossing the 38thparallel was a major change in the Truman Doctrine where instead of ...

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