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AS and A Level: Other Historical Periods

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  1. Examine the view that the US failure in Vietnam resulted more from losing the hearts and minds of the American people than from military defeats

    Moreover, the ruthlessness of Napalm and its victims who were melted into a kind of gelatine and some of who were disfigured lived in caves and remote areas. Also Agent Orange which was used to defoliate 20% of South Vietnams jungles so the enemy could be seen more easily had a tremendous impact; there were incidents of cancer and toxic related diseases which still remains high in Vietnam. Therefore due to all the torturous methods and killings, the US lost the hearts and minds of the American people.

    • Word count: 1440
  2. 1905 marked the culmination of the process that began in 1856. Discuss.

    Alexander's speech before the gentry highlighted Russia's need for economic recovery; recovery that could only be possible by further domestic reform for the nation. He proposed the idea of the emancipation of the serfs, stating that "It is better to abolish Serfdom from above than to wait for the time when it will begin to abolish itself from below"3. The emancipation of the serfs was another event in the 'process' leading up to the revolution in 1905. Though this reform was initially thought to be significant for the Serf's growth in society, it merely placed the Serfs under the control of the Mir rather than the Nobles.

    • Word count: 1929
  3. To What Extent Do You Agree That Alexander II Put Russia On The Path To Revolution

    Despite the fact that feudalism had been abandoned in the late middle ages by the majority of European states, however, Russia remained firmly entrenched in the system and so can be seen as one of the key reasons for Russia's sever backwardness. In order to modernise Russian industry (the textiles, armaments and other military industries in particular), Alexander II the second felt that the Emancipation of the Serfs was essential. In doing so, Alexander was constructing a situation which would ultimately lead to the downfall of the tsarist regime.

    • Word count: 1470
  4. Free essay

    Why was Martin Luther so popular by 1521?

    Furthermore, his concept of sola fida, justification by faith alone, appeared to offer an easier route to heaven than arduous penance. By this it could be argued that Luther's ideas were partially a contribution to his success, but they were not the most significant factor, especially since many of the peasants demands consisted of far more than just Reformist ideas. The resentment of certain aspects of the church by the laity could be seen as a contributing factor for Luther success.

    • Word count: 1602
  5. Assess the legacy left to phillip II

    How great was the legacy Charles V left to Philip? With the legacy Philip gained came the responsibility for the economy of an empire spanning from the Netherlands, to the Castilian colonies to the Americas and Philippines. To add further burden, the debt Philip inherited from his father came to a colossal 36 million ducats. This didn't affect him immediately but was certainly to cause a great strain. Phillips possession of the new world would help with these debts, however it would mean money coming in could not be used to improve Spanish economy and the state of Phillips Monarchia - creating a still unhappy empire.

    • Word count: 1115
  6. Essay on Deir El Medina

    together with their families. The town was first established in 1567BC by Amenhotep I and his mother, and had a population of approximately 200 people at any one time. It was the role and profession of Deir-El Medina's worker's to build and decorate tombs for the King to send him into the afterlife. An excellent example of religion in Deir-El Medina is of Kha and Meryts tomb. Neither were kings, instead however they were a married couple. Their tomb is one of the few villager workers tombs not robbed, and contained many items such as wigs, jewellery, senet (game), combs, tweezers, and a bronze razor.

    • Word count: 1087
  7. General Strike 1926

    Since the mine-owners refused to compromise, the coal strikes dragged on until December. In the end the miners had to give way and go back to longer hours and lower wages. There was much bitterness about the TUC's 'betrayal'. After the General Strike, membership of unions dropped from a total of 5.5 million before the strike to 4.9 million in 1927, reaching a lowest point of 4.4 million by 1933. The TUC abandoned the idea of a General Strike convinced that one could never succeed. There were no solutions to the problems in the coal industry and no modernization.

    • Word count: 1483
  8. Britain between the wars

    produced a plan what became known as the Mosley Memorandum but was rejected. The National Economic Advisory Council (NEAC) formed in 1930 by the Labour Government proposed Protectionism as opposed to Free trade as a practical solution but was blocked by Snowden. Macdonald and Snowden were far too cautious and ignored all advice and stuck to the orthodox way of cutting expenditure as much as possible. Payment for unemployment benefits was placing a severe strain on the government's finances with nothing to show for it. A committee was appointed under Sir George May to investigate national expenditure; its report forecasted that by April 1932 there would be a budget deficit of �120 million.

    • Word count: 1820
  9. In the play king Oedipus, to what extent is Oedipus responsible for his downfall and for the tragedy that befell him and his family.

    This was a mere dispute of witch had no long term relevance to Oedipus and so he gave no thought to the death of those men. I disagree, yes, the king might have been a bit harsh as to hit him around the head, but to no point does that evoked death upon the one who has done wrong. Naivety and ignorance to the fact that he was prophesised to kill his father, and that he has a slightest dowt that who he thinks his father might not be should lead to the fact that one should be cautious of whom he kills, let alone a whole convoy.

    • Word count: 1003
  10. The Colosseum essay

    All these developments would be a key part in the building of the coloseam. The Romans had many different materials, each with a different quality. Tufa was a soft stone, used for higher up in tall buildings to reduce the weight. Travertine was a harder rock; this was used for the top of foundations and the pillars as it was a hard wearing, tough material. Roman mortar was used to bind agents together such as cement blocks and bricks; this would also help prevent the erosion of the iron spear heads in between the blocks.

    • Word count: 1003
  11. Why Was King Alfred So Great?

    Obviously a key characteristic of Alfred was his ability to inspire and organise his troops so as to maximise the chance of success in battle, something that was considered a hugely important trait in a King, and thus increased his popularity. After pushing the Vikings out of London, Alfred used his diplomatic skills to establish the Danelaw, which secured Northumbria, The North, East Anglia and South East Midlands for the Vikings, and the remainder of modern day England was divided between Mercia and Wessex.

    • Word count: 1510
  12. Assess the contributions of Militiades and Leonidas to the course of the Persian Wars

    This was extremely effective in the battle and certainly aided the Greeks victory. The Poikile Stoa, a monument found in the agora, depicts the 3 stages of the battle, including the Greeks advancing at a run, and tells us of the nature of Militiades strategies. Militiades' clever strategies played an important role in the victory at Marathon and therefore the overall victory of the Greeks. Militades' ability to persuade the Athenians to defend their city outside their walls, at Marathon, proved to be a significant decision in the outcome of the battle, resulting in Greek victory.

    • Word count: 1051
  13. 'Collectivisation was a political success but an economic failure and a human disaster'

    In 1927 Collectivisation was introduced as a voluntary scheme, however at the beginning of the 1929 it became clear people were not going to volunteer to leave their homes and livelihood, and so Collectivisation became forced. The army was sent to enforce Stalin's decision, and as much as the government wanted to paint a joyful picture of peasants welcoming Collectivisation, it was very different. There was huge resistance from peasants, not only kulaks but those wanting to protect them, their friends and local villagers.

    • Word count: 1714
  14. Was the nobility the most important factor in destabilising France in the years leading to the outbreak of civil war in France in 1562?

    Francis' feeble rule created a power vacuum between the rival noble families. During the reign of Henry, court influence was shared between the Montmorency and Guise families, and when Francis was crowned, the Guises quickly secured their position of influence, having an immediate advantage because the King was married to their niece, Mary Stuart. Francis was easily persuaded by the Duke of Guise and the Cardinal of Lorraine to place the family in full control of military, church and foreign affairs. The two Bourbon princes of the blood, Antoine of Navarre and Louis of Conde equally sought to re-establish their court influence following the recent coronation and there was initial discontent from

    • Word count: 1215
  15. Why did bolsheviks win civil war

    Holding these key areas gave the Bolsheviks a number of key advantages over their opposition. The central area contained the main armament factories in Russia, and this made it possible for the Bolsheviks to keep their troops supplied and equipped with weapons, ammunition and supplies. With the area being so heavily populated, the Bolsheviks were able to concript large numbers of people, in the area, to fight; this meant that the Red Army often could outnumber the White Armies as the White-held areas were not as heavily populated.

    • Word count: 1361
  16. The Liberty Bell

    John Dock Pass and John Stow, both of Philadelphia, built the new bell. Both of their names are inscribed on the ball. Copper was added to the composition of the alloy used to cast the bell, and the public was unsatisfied by the tone of the new bell. The two men recast the bell again, restoring the correct amount of metal, and this bell third bell was hung in the steeple of the State House in June of 1753. The bell rang to announce the opening of the First Continental Congress in 1774 and after the Battle of Lexington and Concord in 1775.

    • Word count: 1045
  17. The Reality of Medieval Woman

    This statement highlights common male attitudes towards their women and also suggests that a man should beware of his senses so as not to succumb to a woman in case of loss of authority. Women may have been looked upon as need to be kept under control which would therefore keep a medieval woman's day quite busy. For example a wife would have been required to carry out homely tasks such as preparing bread , curing meat, cooking, brewing, up keeping of the house and making clothes, which in medieval times would have been quite time consuming.

    • Word count: 1784
  18. Puritans influenced the people of the 21st century

    The children of the present time in the United States are still punished physical by their parents.

    • Word count: 1013
  19. Archaeology: Methods of Preservation (Tutankhamen & Iceman)

    Methods of Preservation The circumstances of �tzi's death, although unfortunate for himself were extremely good for modern scientists and archaeologists. The body of �tzi is a superb example of 'wet mummy' or 'ice mummy' preservation. �tzi's body had been trapped under glacial ice for over 5000 years; this and the relatively low amount of sunlight received at that underground level helped to deter bacteria from growing in and decaying the body. In 2001 however Thomas Bereuter (of Vienna University of Technology)

    • Word count: 1739
  20. The Significance of the Irish Convention, 1917

    The only real significance of the Convention were the results on two parties in particular; the Irish Parliamentary Party was destroyed, the Southern Unionists split and their relationship with the Ulster Unionists was ruined. The political agenda of the Ulster Unionist party had changed very little since 1912, although they were now resigned to the idea of partition, essentially abandoning the Unionists in the south of Ireland. Their main goal was to ensure an Ulster exclusion from Home Rule, and for this they were prepared to make sacrifices.

    • Word count: 1335
  21. How far was the monarchy stronger in 1603 than in 1485?

    Thus it ensured that there were no over powering nobles. However, there is no partnership between the nobles and king; this is a source of weakness. We must take into consideration that he was brought up in exile and thus he doesn't trust anyone, nonetheless he rules through fear and this is a weakness. We see the abuse of power and factions in Edward VI's reign. This leads to two rebellions and the councillors went against Henry's wishes. This weakened the monarchy and created unrest. Thus it is perhaps right to say that with regards the nobility, the monarchy was perhaps only slightly stronger in 1603, but even then the same problems remained.

    • Word count: 1954
  22. How the Inca adapted and strived in their environment

    Another part of the kingdom was at a lower elevation which supplied land for farming. The Inca conquered these challenging environments by zoning three different areas for raising different crops and livestock. Zone 1 (below 5,000 ft) also called Yunga was for fruit trees which included avocado and limes. Zone 2 (between 5,000 - 10,000 ft) called Quechua is where the Inca grew food like corn, potatoes, and peanuts. Zone 3 the highest elevation was was where the Inca raised llamas and alpacas. They used these animals for wool, food, and as a means for transportation.

    • Word count: 1182
  23. Education in the Middle Colonies

    Pennsylvania's case amply illustrates both these conditions. The constitution (usually known as the "Frame of Government") which Penn granted to Pennsylvanians in 1682 included requirements for a public school system stressing religious values and a practical education in some skill or trade for youngsters over twelve years of age. That these ideas in Penn's mind may be considered noble, but no Governor, Assembly, or Council in the colony ever saw that they were enforced. Instead, schooling was left up to the various religious groups to handle as they chose.

    • Word count: 1055
  24. Did the Radical Reformation fail because it lacked the support of the Holy Roman princes?

    The aim of this essay is to determine whether this difference was decisive for the fate of the 16th-century Anabaptist movement. One chief reason for the lack of Anabaptist support among the princes and authorities of the Holy Roman Empire was that a key theological doctrine of Anabaptism envisioned a separation of church and state, and viewed magisterial power, swearing of oaths and the use of coercive force (e.g. conscription) as "Satanic".1 Consequentially, an Imperial Mandate was soon declared by Charles V at the Second Diet of Speyer in March 1529, with the directive that "every Anabaptist and rebaptised person

    • Word count: 1127
  25. Is Utilitarian field of thought still present in todays policing

    (Briggs J, Harrison C, McInnes A and Vincent D 1996) The arrival of a new type of policing force would simply bestow more power upon the rich, and would control their already limited rights. There was widespread fear amongst the rich living in the city of London, that changes in policing would alter the privileges they had been enjoying under the old policing system. There were also concerns about the civil rights the creation of a local body would bring. A change was urgently needed. The government was being called upon to respond to rebellion taking place from the poor.

    • Word count: 1284

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