• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Presidents and their Successors

Extracts from this document...


Sami Migliaccio Mrs. Trovato Period #3 April 21, 2008 Essay Question: "Vice President who have succeeded to the presidency on the death of the President have been less effective in their conduct of domestic and foreign policy than the men they replaced." Assess the validity of this statement for Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Presidents and their Successors The statement that "Vice Presidents who have succeeded to the presidency on the death of the President have been less effective in their conduct of domestic and foreign policy than the men they replaced" is not always true. Harry S. Truman became president upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Lyndon B. Johnson became president when John F. Kennedy was assassinated. Yet, while the statement proves to be true in the comparison of Roosevelt's and Truman's administrations, such is not the case with Kennedy and Johnson. Johnson was the more effective president in regard to domestic policies, but neither Kennedy nor Johnson was very effective when it came to foreign policy. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was successful as president from the very beginning. ...read more.


Along with implementing the 'containment policy' that would govern the United States foreign affairs for decades, Truman delivered the Truman Doctrine. The combination of these policies pledged the United States' assistance to any country attempting to resist the advances of Communism. As Walter Lippmann argued, these policies were too broad in that although "some areas were vital to U.S. security, while others were merely peripheral; some governments deserved U.S. support, others did not..." (AP Prep Book 552). Truman also precipitated the arms race, which had the potential of ending in deadly bombings. Overall, Truman's foreign policies during the Cold War were less effective than those President Roosevelt enacted during World War Two. President Kennedy was not very successful in his domestic policies. He instituted the New Frontier and attempted to pass laws pertaining to "aid to education, federal support of health care, urban renewal, and civil rights" (AP Prep Book 595). Despite the supposed soundness of the laws, President Kennedy was unable to convince Congress to enact most of the laws that he suggested. It was President Johnson, on the other hand, who was able to pass the same programs that Kennedy had proposed. ...read more.


That in itself was illegal, because the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution basically declared war on the Vietnamese, an action that only Congress is allowed to do. The Tet offensive also hurt Johnson's foreign affairs and turned the majority of Americans against him. The Tet offensive, although it was a United States military victory, demoralized the public. Although President Kennedy had some beneficial foreign policies, both he and Johnson were ineffective in their conduct of foreign affairs. President Roosevelt was an effective president with both his New Deal and his actions throughout the Second World War. His successor, Truman, was not effective in either the domestic affairs or the foreign policy. In fact, his programs often had a detrimental effect. Such is not the case, however, with Kennedy and Johnson. As far as domestic policies go, Johnson was the more effective president by far, thereby proving the statement that stated "Vice Presidents who have succeeded to the presidency on the death of the President have been less effective in their conduct of domestic and foreign policy than the men they replaced" to be inaccurate. Although both Johnson and Kennedy were ineffective in their foreign affairs, Johnson, the original vice president was more effective overall than Kennedy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. To what extent was Hitler's foreign policy consistent and planned?

    The year of 1936 saw enormous success for Hitler with the peaceful remilitarization of the Rhineland, the recovery of the economy and the fall in unemployment in Germany. One of Hitler's greatest ambitions from the early years began to be realised when an Austro-German agreement was signed.

  2. Was Vietnam Kennedy or Johnson's War?

    On this account, the Vietnam War was not Kennedy's war as he personally wasn't totally agreed to it and the war didn't affect him personally as much as it did with President Johnson. If it was anyone's war at this time it would have been Kennedy's advisors who were hungry for war.

  1. How far was the decision to rollback past the 38th parallel a military and ...

    If the Americans were to take over Korea they would appear to be a lot stronger than the Russian communists, because they would have taken over a piece of Russian territory. Also the fight against North Korea would not directly involve Russia, as the war would appear to be a

  2. How successful was Roosevelt in delivering relief, recovery and reform during the New Deal?

    unemployed because of the economic decline (approximately 12,060,000 people, which is 23.5% of an overall labour force[6]). In order to deliver relief, Roosevelt expanded Hoover's Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) work relief programme which gave loans to states to operate relief programmes (National Archives).

  1. Describe Wilsons Fourteen points, Why did Congress fail to ratify the Peace Settlement?

    On the international level, the Peace Treaty was already being discredited. The creation of the ?successor states? in Eastern Europe made unstable governments, and these nations were easy prey for n**i Germany. The mandates allowed France and Britain to keep imperialist control in certain areas like the Middle East but with another name.

  2. Research on the major Civil rights events between 1963 to 1968

    That summer 30 black homes and 37 black churches were firebombed. 3. Over 80 volunteers were beaten by white mobs or r****t police officers and 4. Three men, James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner, were murdered by the Ku Klux Klan on 21st June, 1964.

  1. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    Inspired community action (see ?Operation Breadbasket?) However, 1. Most blacks remained stranded in the ghetto 2. Voter registration drive had little impact 3. Divisions increased in CR movement ? many turn to black power because disillusioned by lack of impact in practice 4. Led to white backlash ? angered by violence of ghetto riots, little sympathy for tactics (ie ? marches in white neighbourhoods)

  2. Who killed John F. Kennedy?

    they later identified as the correct palm print of Lee Harvey Oswald. Also the bullets and the cartridges found from the president limousine were identified by experts as the bullets fired from this Carcano rifle. This is a major evidence against the Oswald again proving his substantial opportunity to carry out the crime.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work