• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The appointment of Hitler as Chancellor in 1933 was primarily the result of n**i electoral success.

Extracts from this document...


"The appointment of Hitler as Chancellor in 1933 was primarily the result of n**i electoral success. " The appointment of Hitler as Chancellor in 1933 was not primarily due to n**i electoral success. On January 30th 1933, President Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor and Von-Papen Vice-Chancellor having previously refused him the position in August 1932 after the n**i's great electoral success. However there were many other factors that resulted in the appointment such as the failure of the Weimar Republic and the naivety of the elites such as Von Papen and Hindenburg. It could also be due to Hindenburg's ulterior motives and the worldwide economic depression that was occurring at the time. Electoral Successes can be seen as one of the reasons as to why Hitler was appointed. In the election of May 1924, the n**i Party had gained 1.9 million votes, in the same year in December, the Party only gained 0.9 million votes and 4 years later in 1928, they only gained 0.8 million views. ...read more.


However, in 1932 a Reichstag committee found out that Osthilfe funds were used for which brought the Neudeck estate in a scandal, this could have influenced Hindenburg's decision to appoint Hitler as Chancellor, to distract the investigations and make them come to an end. However this would just be a minor factor rather than the main motive to his appointment as Hindenburg had the power to rule by article 48 and so even if he did loose public support he would still have been in power. A more major reason as to why Hitler was appointed chancellor is more likely to be due to the elites such as Von Papen wanting him as a puppet. The n**i party lost 35 seats in the November 1932 election but remained the Reichstag's largest party. The most shocking move of the early election campaign was to send the SA to support a Rotfront action against the transport agency and in support of a strike. ...read more.


The fact that Hitler was only allowed three n**i's in the cabinet shows although they only wanted Hitler there as a puppet to do as he was told, the elites must have still seen the n**i party as a threat. However without Von Papen and Hindenburg's motive, Hitler would probably have never gotten into power and so due to Hitlers popularity and the elites choices, this is why Hitler was appointed Chancellor in 1933. In conclusion, electoral success is only a partial reason for Hitler being appointed chancellor in 1933, if it was purely down to electoral successes then he would have been put into the position earlier. In fact the main reason was down to Hindenburg and Von Papen's plans that he finally made it to being Chancellor as his mass support was appealing to them. However saying this, without electoral success and mass support, Hitler would have never been considered for the Chancellor position in the first place. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    He introduced no new training methods. He underestimated supply problems, and made other errors of judgement, often because of his amazing, but acknowledged, ignorance of climatic and geographical conditions. * This led to avoidable losses in Egypt and in San Dominigue from heat and fever, from cold, snow, and mud

  2. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    This alliance between Austria and Germany was seen as something of a landmark, being Bismarck's greatest decision. This alliance would see that Russia, unwilling to ally with France, to sign a second Three Emperor's alliance in 1881, securing peace between the three nation.

  1. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor in 1933?

    The government were worried in 1929 that the problems of inflation would return; however instead of inflation industries had to reduce prices in order to attract customers to buy products. Both the inflation in 1923 (although it only took a year and the economy righted itself)

  2. To vote for Hitler was above all a rejection of the existing system. Is ...

    It was his rhetoric ability rather than the confidence of the nation in the party that gained the party support. However, after the trial, the n**i Party was disbanded, but still existed in Bavaria, and as a consequence the n**i Party lost votes, gaining just 14 seats in the Reichstag.

  1. Assess the reasons why Hitler and the NSDAP gained power in 1933:

    The part appealed to right-wing supporters who hated democracy. The Republic was seen as weak and futile, therefore, the n**i Party was made known as representing a strong central government and provided the fundamental sense of hope for the German people, who regarded Hitler as their saviour.

  2. The Holocaust was the result of Hitlers long held grand design to pursue a ...

    able to awaken the imagination of the public through appeal to their feelings? in the infamous Mein Kampf. Also, it must be noted that that evening Hitler spoke for hours but devoted only a brief few minutes to the Jews.

  1. How far do you agree that Hitler became chancellor in January 1933 primarily due ...

    This view is also backed up by the fact that the Weimar republic had started to show signs of improvement, showing signs in the decline of n**i voters. This suggests that Hitler's popularity had peaked and that, without Von Pappen's desire to control the country and his grudge against the president.

  2. Study sources B and D. Compare these Sources as evidence for the reasons why ...

    "Access to Hindenburg was the key to power" The sources differ on some aspects - e.g. who is most to blame? Source B puts a lot of the blame on Von Papen, "Papen finally won him (Hindenburg) over to Hitler" However Source B is by a high ranking member of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work