• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Causes of World War Two.

Extracts from this document...


The Causes of World War Two. The origins of World War Two have exercised the minds of historians and filled hundreds of thousands of pages, without tiring either the fascination of the subject or the energy of the reader. Many still remember the war like it was yesterday and were directly affected by it. Others, born after the war, barely know anything about it. Either way, we are still living in the shadows of it. Maybe the physical ruins in Europe were quickly repaired, but the destruction has left its mark in great cities and left forty to fifty million dead. One might ask why and how? Why and how can a war break out including at least eight major powers and kill over forty millions people? When looking at the causes of World War II it is not like looking at the causes of World War I. On July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungry declared war on Serbia, and within a week, five of the six European great powers were at war. One day Europe was at peace the next day at war. But with World War II it was totally different. It is even difficult to say when precisely the war began.1 Some say it started in 1936, with the Spanish Civil War. It is when a Nationalist, Francisco Franco took up arms against the republic and in a few weeks controlled half the country. Then the Soviet Union, Italy, and Germany came to help fight for three years and lost half a million lives there. ...read more.


Before this, he would not dare invade Poland because this would mean fighting France and Britain in the West, and the Soviet Union in the east, and this would be a nightmare. But once the treaty was signed, he could do what he wanted, and that is when he invaded Poland, which directly lead to Britain declaring war. While all of this was going on in Europe, Japan had many aggressions too that lead to the Second World War. In World War One Japan gained some German colonies in Asia and then 1931 occupied Manchuria the Northeast of China and then in 1937 invaded the rest of China. Japan like Germany was acquired by militarists who were similar to Nazis and had in mind to take over all of Asia.8 Now fully established as a world aggressor, Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact in 1936, allying themselves with Germany and Italy. In 1940, the Tripartite Pact replaced this pact and so Japan became a formal member of the infamous Axis alliance. Then Japan continued to invade China and Indochina and the United Stated responded by freezing Japanese assets and invoking and oil embargo. This made Japan very angry. Japan then destroyed much of the U.S. Navy in a surprise attack at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in 1941. This threatened the United States security and brought the United States right into the war. Another cause of World War II would be the Great Depression. The Great Depression lasted from 1929 to 1939 and was brought along by the First World War along with the terms of peace that ended it.9 Production was very high and the economy was booming because of the extreme high demands of goods and services in World War I. ...read more.


Lenin had negated the military aid need with Germany in March 1921, and Stalin continued until Hitler wanted no part of assisting an enemy. Stalin had many of the same ideas as Hitler. He wanted to make the USSR into the dominant economy and military state. Russia's plan of imperialism began in 1939 with Poland and Finland a few months later and then attacked and reassumed control of the Baltic States. Finally Russia was officially forced into the war on June 22, 1941 when Germany attacked Russia. These are all decisions that Lenin made that helped cause World War II. He wanted to make the USSR a utopian global state and did everything that had to be done to achieve that goal even if it upset others countries which would cause a war. The last cause of World War II is Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku. He was one of the reasons for the United States to enter the war in the Pacific.13 If Isoroku would have made peace treaties or done things differently instead of bombing Pearl Harbor, the Unites States probably would not have gone to war in the Pacific. When one looks back on the causes of the war it is obvious that it was an end product of unresolved economic clashes, diplomatic squabbles and plotting, and unsound conception of security. As one can clearly see this was a war of many causes. It didn't happen over night it was a mixture of many irritated countries, with many problems. War is a terrible thing, but when one country threatens another country politically, economically, or socially, sometimes there is no other alternative, and it might even be the best solution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * In 1982 Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START) began. But all talks soon became deadlocked. * In 1983 the USA invaded Grenada to crush a Communist takeover. * In 1983 Reagan announced 'Star Wars', the Special Defence Initiative. * In 1984 the Soviet Union and the other Communist countries boycotted the Los Angeles Olympics.

  2. Assess Critically Three Causes of World War I.

    French hostility was inevitable but Britain and Russia had also become deeply suspicious of German policies. But insecurity ruled also between the Russians and the French, the French and the British, the Serbs and the Russians, and the Germans and the Austrians.

  1. Causes of World War II Many historians have traced the causes ...

    By the early 1930's, it had halted Europe's economic recovery. The Great Depression caused mass unemployment, wide spread poverty and despair. It weakened democratic governments and strengthened extreme political movements that promised to end the economic problems. Two movements in particular gained strength.


    If you exceeded your daily norm you got extra privileges and pay. * By mid 1936 20% of workers were classified as Stakhanovites. Of course managers then used this to increase the norms for everybody! * There were a series of 'wreckers' trials throughout the period of the Five Year Plans.

  1. Why did hitler bomb british cities?

    Eventually most things were rationed, but it was all to keep the country going. Without it, Britain would have ground to a halt within months. The government also have the job of protecting the public. For example, to keep the death rates down in cities, children were evacuated, this also protected the future generations.

  2. Why And How Did Britain Survive The War From 1940-1943

    It grew in time to more than a million part-time soldiers, who received basic training and some arms to defend their local areas against the Germans in the event of an invasion. Land girls were a way for women to help the War effort.


    GERMAN REARMAMENT & FOREIGN POLICY LEVEL 1-3 SOURCE A is from a speech made by Hitler in 1933. SOURCE A Germany will get rid of her army and navy and destroy all her weapons if all other countries do the same.

  2. In two world wars, the richer countries mobilized their economiesmore successfully than others. How ...

    They faced the same problem of speeding up the translation of industry to war production; problem of determining adjusting requirements and capacity; problem of upward spiralling prices and of economic stabilization by price control and associated measures and of setting up huge emergency agencies to handle the various mobilization functions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work