• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Relationships Between French, British And Indians in the New World.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Ben Jacques ________________ The Relations Between French, British And Indians By the middle of the 18th century trade relations between European colonists were firmly in place. The Indians were a source of trade, labour, land and soldiers. Both sides recognised each other?s importance and leading up to the 7 years? war Britain and France tried to become the prevailing trade source and ally. Tensions between the British and French developed as each fought for the upper hand in trade and protect land they each claimed. The Indians developed a trading relationship with the Europeans over time supplying them with pelts and furs for weapons in return. One nation that particularly benefited from European influence was the Five Nations. Their access to European weaponry from New Amsterdam made them very powerful and they conquered much of the North East of America. However in the mid-1660s the British capture New Amsterdam cutting off their trade links as the French and their Indian allies began to attack leaving them defenceless with no weapons, also the British proved inadequate allies. ...read more.


Britain?s main relationship with the Indians was through the Iroquois and Five Nations. They first traded but as mentioned earlier as Britain took New Amsterdam they became allies. This relationship was reinforced by the province of Pennsylvania. When the state was founded in 1681 it offered open and fair terms on trade and attracted many Indians, their lack of militia only served to improve relations as the Indians knew they posed no threat. This lead to many Indians settling nearby, they effectively acted as protection for the state. However as the colonists began to expand and take more land the Indians became restless and an Indian uprising was imminent. The state called on the Iroquois to help them and from 1721 to 1732 James Logan worked to make sure the alliance was extended to Pennsylvania. This meant that the Penn family could buy up Indian land and resell it to white settlers for huge profit. The Iroquois acted to prevent any of the Indians from protesting or causing any trouble. ...read more.


It was evident to the French that the British were encroaching on land they claimed at the Grand Settlement; however the British believed it was theirs under the Grand Settlement. The Iroquois had been unable to keep the two apart and the fine status quo that they had profited off had collapsed. In conclusion relations between the French, British and Indians were mixed as each faction tried to work for their own gain. The Iroquois especially would suffer because of this, their manipulation of the two European nations especially at the Grand Settlement and their actions in Pennsylvania led to tensions rising on their own land as they failed to maintain the delicate balance between the two. Britain gained much from trade with the Indians as they used the Five Nations to gain land and could easily ship their goods off to the Atlantic. This was something at which France failed, they struggled to ship into the Atlantic as many of their ports were frozen and Loiusbourg had been captured, this made Ohio even more important to them as otherwise Canada could be choked of supplies. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was warfare between Britain and France the main contributory factor in ...

    3 star(s)

    Both Britain and France however, came out of the conflict with huge national debts, crippling the economies of both nations. However, France's debts would not meet the critical point that started the revolution, until the American Revolutionary War from 1775 to 1783.

  2. Early Jamestown: Why Did So Many Colonists Die? In early Jamestown, from 1607 ...

    Same with the surgeons, they would not be able to give medical attention to all people. This would leave many people vulnerable to sickness and many people would die. Also, back in the 1600s, women were used to care for the sick and since there were no women in Jamestown, again, many people died.

  1. The Indian Mutiny

    The introduction of Waghorn's short cut to India Europeans encouraged more women to sail to India, drastically changing the way men were ruling India. The arrival of women influenced the use of cantonments, which were usually on the outskirts of cities, meaning European women had little connection with the outside

  2. The British Raj has lasted many centuries and led to numerous transformations in the ...

    Besides the technology, Britain changed the agriculture system in India as well. From 1890s to the nineteenth century, agriculture was at the highest peak. According to the scholar Ambirajan, investing in agriculture was by far the biggest benefit in the economy (Ambirajan 216).

  1. How were the lives of Civilians affected by the Second World War

    It is hard to tell how difficult civilian life was in the Blitz. One of the reasons is the fact people had different backgrounds/classes and would have different experiences of the raid. For example Alice Bridges in Source 12 appears to be middle-upper class and doesn't appear to have as bad an experience.

  2. How effectively did the design and decoration of the Parthenon suit its function?

    The statue inside the temple as well as honouring Athena was designed as a status symbol to coincide with the temple itself. As well as creating a temple bigger that any other in Greece that even outsized the mighty temple at Olympia that stood at 27.68 m x 64.12 m;

  1. The First English Civil War

    But he advanced beyond Kineton, and the enemy promptly left their strong position and came down to the foot of the hill; situated as they were, they had either to fight wherever they could induce the enemy to engage, or to starve in the midst of hostile garrisons.

  2. Notes on Cleopatra and her links with Rome

    Although hated, its presence was real. She watched the Roman army enter Alexandria and her Father bribing Caesar and Pomepy for their support. From her father and her lively imagination she developed a political and personal ambition: to recover the greatness of the Greek Kingdom of Egypt, to restore the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work