To what extent did the Nazi regime overturn the Weimar education system?

Authors Avatar by tbethybooaolcom (student)


To what extent did the Nazi regime overturn the Weimar education system?

To a large extent the Nazis changed the Weimar education. The Nazi regime changed especially the content of education rather than the structure of the age groups. In Weimar Germany the aim was to provide a new, fairer, mixed education. The Nazis overturned this and aimed to use education to brainwash the German children into becoming loyal Nazis.

In the Weimar period, the liberal government had banned clerical inspections to allow a more non-religiously biased teaching. One of the aims for the Nazis was to maintain more control and regulation over what was being taught and how.  In a lot of cases, this involved Nazi authority inspecting teachers in front of their pupils as a warning to the children that opposition to the regime would lead to punishment, Teachers were not allowed to express their thoughts or personal opinions and had strict instructions on what they had to teach. Although religious education remained optional as it was in the Weimar period, Nazism was taught in a religious was, often comparing Hitler to Jesus and a daily ‘Heil Hitler’ salute first thing in the morning.

The second aim that the Nazis had was to change the whole curriculum. They wanted everything that children learnt to teach them loyalty to Hitler and to the Nazi regime. This meant a very strong positive view of German and a negative view on Germany’s enemies and society’s ‘undesirables’. Whereas in the Weimar Republic Germany’s defeat in the First World War and the Treaty of Versailles would’ve been avoided in history lessons. Nazi history lessons taught about World War One in an extremely biased and censored way. Children were taught that the Jews and Marxists were to blame for Germany’s defeat and that Hitler is the one who will revenge the unfair Treaty of Versailles. In geography, the children were taught about the land that according to the Nazis belonged to Germany as Lebensraum, the land that Great Germany would conquer.

Join now!

In Weimar Germany, most teachers’ would have been a member of a trade union so that they could voice their opinions and organise strikes. Soon after Hitler came to power in1933 he banned all trade unions and the National Socialist Teachers League (NSLB) was set up as the sole union of all teachers. If any teacher did not join this then they would be fired and possibly banned from teaching again. Once teachers were pressured into becoming Nazis by fear of losing their jobs, they were then given strict instructions on what to teach and what not to. Schools were ...

This is a preview of the whole essay