To what extent was effective Royal Government re-established in England in the years 1471-83?

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To what extent was effective Royal Government re-established in England in the years 1471-83?

Edward IV completely ruined his chances in his first reign by not stabilizing himself on the throne as he was too occupied dealing with rebellions. He proved himself able when he re-gained the throne in 1471 because he showed that he was willing to compromise to his people and his excellent memory made it possible for him to sympathize with his people.

        Edward gave out instructions personally by word of mouth which was potentially what made his Finance Policy so successful. Personal involvement made it possible for him to be given more benevolences for example in 1473, Edward kissed an old lady’s hand and she gave him a sum of money which she then doubled, the fact that he was using every resource effectively yet not to excess suggests that he was an efficient ruler. In 1471, Edward transferred £21,000 from the Exchequer to the Chamber Finance, this new system that he created stopped corruption and enabled him to have control over his finance as he would personally check and sign accounts as opposed to his first reign, implying that he was effective in trying to restore an efficient government. Edward became more aware of the events happening around him so that he could be able to use it for the crown’s own advantage and restore his finance policy. For example he did not attaint the Duke of Warwick and the Duke of Montagu so that his brothers; Richard Duke of Gloucester and George Duke of Clarence married the Warwick’s and Montagu’s daughters. This enabled them to inherit their lands, not only did this increase the crown’s powers and respect but also their income as they had more domains. In 1472-5, Parliament granted him four tenths and fifteenths which raised the royal income, suggesting that he was effective. Furthermore; in 1475 he became the first king in over 200 years to achieve absolute solvency, suggesting that he successfully established his finance policy and therefore supports the view point that he re-established effective royal government. Ross argued that Edward did increase royal income but never to the full amount he could have had however, it’s clear that the fact that he inherited one of the most serious debt in English history and achieved solvency was disregarded. He not only achieved solvency but raised the country’s income to approximately £70,000 per annum, this was a remarkable event that implied efficiency and success in re-establishing an effective government.

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He is effective in dealing with the rebellions and the use of nobility. In his second reign he certainly wasted less time dealing with protestors, an example of this were the thirteen attainders passed in 1471, suggesting that he was more interested in re-establishing an effective government. In his second reign also, he is able to stabilize rebellion as he had gained control of rebels for example, Henry VI which was murdered and Edward, Prince of Wales who was killed at the battle of Tewksbury in 1471, leaving no Lancastrian heir to seize Edward’s throne therefore, decreasing rebellion. The specific ...

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