• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Was The Late Middle Ages A Time Of Unrest In Europe

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What Extent Was The Late Middle Ages A Time Of Unrest In Europe? As the end of the Middle Ages approached, it was clear that Europe was evolving and advancing, but this did not necessarily mean that it brought stability. In fact, it had quite the opposite effect. The major rulers of Europe desired fame and fortune, and were willing to fight ever more expensive wars to gain it. This greatly affected the now growing European Economy, which in turn affected the rich, the poor, and the industrial state of Europe. The Church as ever had it's role to play in the stability of both individual countries and Europe as a whole, and with new inventions changing the way that the society functioned as a whole, it was likely that a long period of unrest would be established. It is arguable that Europe was in a more stable position during the Late Middle Ages than is commonly accepted. For example, despite being divided into many individual areas, the Holy Roman Empire had an elected Emperor who had the highest status in Europe, and a German parliament. Theoretically, this ensured that there was a stable figure at the head which was able to oversee the condition of the entire Empire, along with a parliament that would be able to resolve any issues that arose. Combined with the Princes that ruled over the different areas of the Holy Roman Empire, it is possible to believe that a workable system had been formed. ...read more.

Middle

This could have had dangerous ramifications for Europe as a whole, and Pope Leo X wanted to prevent this. As Charles was already ruler of Spain and the Netherlands, he had now become the dominant power in Europe. With one person having such a large influence in Europe, the stability of the continent was always going to be at risk. Finally, attempts were made to centralise the power to the Emperor. However, the Princes were not willing to surrender the power and the Holy Roman Empire remained divided. If centralisation of power had been successful a more stable Europe would have been a possibility, but without this, the existing divides remained and an unstable country and continent resulted. As well as the instability being generated by the Holy Roman Empire, Western Europe was having its own problems, especially between France and Britain. The long wars, including the 100 Years War, were having a damaging effect on both the condition of the individual countries and the long-term relationship between the countries. With two of Europe's major countries continually in conflict, the general stability of Europe would always be at risk. Also, as well as the wars with France, England was having its own internal problems. The War of the Roses is one of the most important aspects of English history, and the volatility it caused within the country radiated to the other countries of Europe. Leading on from this, the wars between France and Italy, and Spain and the Holy Roman Empire were always going to be damaging to the stability of Europe. ...read more.

Conclusion

This created an even larger bridge between the rich and the poor, which is an obvious cause of unrest. The poor people were not happy with how they were being exploited for people such as the Fugger's gain, and they were especially unhappy with how they were made to pay high levels of taxes when the extremely rich families did not have to. Inflation, and especially the Great Price Rise, were also large causes of turbulence in the late Middle Ages. As the economy continued to grow through the early 16th Century and populations rose, there was a greater demand for goods, so accompanied with the increase of money in Europe, prices were able to rise. Wages were not rising though, leading to poverty for many individuals. The vast amounts of people who were negatively affected by this felt greatly aggrieved, feeling that wages should be rising with the inflation, but when they did not, conflict was always a possibility. Accompanied with these consequences were the negative effects of Monopolies and Debasements, and it is clear that all of these combined effects were creating a great deal of unrest within Europe. To conclude, the late Middle Ages were certainly a time of unrest in Europe. With so many divisions within countries, it was unlikely that stability and co-operation between other countries would be possible. The changes in religious ideologies, the economy, the increasing number and growing sizes of wars and society as a whole were creating tension between countries and ultimately unrest throughout the continent. It was clear that beliefs were changing, and that they were not going to change without considerable disturbance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was warfare between Britain and France the main contributory factor in ...

    3 star(s)

    The war had a devastating effect on the economy of both sides, with Childs arguing "The strain of paying and feeding huge concentrations of soldiers reduced England to a fiscal crisis while France stumbled to peace under the weight of a shattered economy".

  2. To what extent did WW1 cause the collapse of Tsarism?

    This led to increasing rates of desertion - up to one million by 1916. An army who had not been equipped with essentials being led by a leader who was not a strong military commander unquestionably demonstrated a failure in the Tsarist regime and its likelihood of surviving.

  1. Education in the Middle Colonies

    Fourteen years later colonists were complaining that no school existed and that "the school is kept very irregularly, by this one or that, according to his fancy, as long as he sees fit." Another ten years went by, and settlers started pleading the Dutch West India Company for a Latin grammar school.

  2. 'Financially dependent, without property and denied a political and legal status.' To what extent ...

    In a larger scale, for all the work on the fields, household, and marketplace, women were being paid only 70% of the men?s wages. This is why even with all the extra chores and work away from the fields, they would still be financially indebted to men due to their restricted salary.

  1. To what extent could the Crusades be described as failure within the years 1095-1195?

    ?The Crusaders Empire? was stretching from Edessa in the north to the Gulf of Aqaba in the south. Conquest in the first crusade did not mean the end of the fight. It was only a temporary truce, as the East still lived more Muslims than Christians.

  2. The acquisition of Granada in 1492 was the most important factor in securing Isabella ...

    In return for these concessions, Charles asked for money. The Cortes had little choice but to vote the money. In addition, the towns were already hostile to the nobility, increasingly so after the death of Isabella in 1504. This promoted open opposition between the two groups.

  1. To what extent did PLO action from 1968 represent a shift in terrorist activity?

    This was the first time they were being heard by the world and that their cause was being sympathized with, which was a great stepping stone for resolving their problems. ?When we hijack a plane it has more it has more effect than if we killed a hundred Israelis in battle,?[2].

  2. To What Extent Does History show that there is no such thing as absolute ...

    This is in tandem with the nobility, the pharaoh may control the government, and however the nobility would control the state and people elected into positions such as the priesthood or the military which in turn would impact on the pharaoh?s decisions detracting from his powers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work