• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Until 1939 Mussolini's achievements out weighed his failures. How valid is this judgment on fascist domestic policies in the years 1924-1939.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Until 1939 Mussolini's achievements out weighed his failures. How valid is this judgment on fascist domestic policies in the years 1924-1939 From the year1924 to 1939 Mussolini when from Italy's greatest leader who was strong and determined to a leader who was unsure and dived about and was under the influences of Nazi Germany. The cause of this is divided between Mussolini's failure to listen to his people and make decisions that were in the best interests of Italy and decisions made with the influences of Nazi Germany and Hitler. Up until 1936 Mussolini had achieved many success for fascism but were not always in the best interests of Italy its self. Mussolini's biggest success was in creating a strong fascist youth which was loyal to fascist ideas and beliefs, the idea was to ensure that fascism would be firmly installed within Italy for generations to come, this was achieved by making all schools fascist with fascist teachers and Mussolini to be seen as a god like figure, this did resemble a Roman method. ...read more.

Middle

The Lateran agreement was a treaty that gave the Vatican City their independences, financial compensation and religious studies with in schools to be made compulsorily. The reason why the Lateran agreement was such a success was because at the time the relations between the church and the fascist state were very sourer and Mussolini finally accepted the church with in the fascist state. The church later regretted the agreement because of Mussolini's foreign policies and the relations that he had with Hitler. The significances the Lateran agreement in the end gave Mussolini the maneuverability to expand his empire and to not have to worry about domestic problems. The OND (Opera Nazionale Dopolavoro) was Mussolini's answer to getting his people more involved in fascism and the idea was to provide the Italian people with free leisure and entertainment, this was controlled by a government agency which was set up in 1925. The fascist party organized the entertainment and by 1939 there were 4 million members, which was not as successful as the ONB but was also not compulsorily where the ONB was. ...read more.

Conclusion

Mussolini also decided to change the youth body to "the Italian youth of the Lictors" (GIL) this was to ensure the increased military and physical training for the youth, the idea was to turn the youth organizations in factories producing loyal fascist solders who saw Mussolini as their god. Mussolini's policy on anti-Semitism in 1939, which he had introduced because of Hitler, caused many catholic and the church to go against Mussolini and with the majority of Italians catholic this was a very bad move for Mussolini. Anti-Semitism had never been featured with the fascist regime before and caused many Italians especially the youth and students to have growing cynicism of the regime. Before 1936 when the Italian government had not differed into unpopular forign policies, adventures and commitments the Italian people had tolerated Mussolini and the decisions that he took but after 1936 when Mussolini started to interfear with dometic policies and unessaseliry change policies it started to inoy the Italian people and the church which caused the down fall of Mussolini's popularity amoung the church and the party. 07/05/07 History 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policy.

    5 star(s)

    The 'Cult of Mussolini' is a key expression here; there was a photo of Mussolini in every classroom, pupils were given Mussolini notebooks, and the school day began with prayers and songs about the Duce. Over time, the state also started controlling exactly hat the students learnt and heavily controlled who became teachers and what they taught.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Was it the policies pursued by Henry VIII that caused "the mid-Tudor crisis"?

    4 star(s)

    By being more decisive than Somerset and indeed Henry, he was aiming to show that the government was firmly in control and able once again to dictate policy, thus stabilising society. By the end of his time in power, it did seem as if the establishment of a Protestant church had been achieved, with no rebellions.

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    - a fatal combination for a commander about to meet for the first time a united enemy able to deploy a numerically superior combined force. b) The Allies United i) The Fourth coalition 1813-15 * The Russian debacle encouraged a general diplomatic reshuffle, whish began in February 1813 with the signing of an anti-French alliance by Russia and Prussia.

  2. Assess the view that the failures of the Congress of Vienna outweighed the successes.

    Furthermore, apologists of the settlement have also argued that the Vienna Statesmen were unaware of Nationalism, and therefore could not possibly foresee its potential force. Frederick B Artz argues that 'in 1815 neither the statesmen nor the peoples of Europe had any thorough understanding of the vague principles of nationalism

  1. Critically evaluate the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policies in Italy between 1922 ...

    Other field of domestic policies where Mussolini tried to invent several reforms was the social policies. As being a dictator of course he had to deny the opposition and ban other parties. Also his propaganda was quite successful but only until Mussolini started to cooperate with Hitler.

  2. "To what extent was French defeat at the battle of Waterloo due to Napoleons ...

    For example if you look at the battlefield of waterloo it is the only defendable place for miles17, he chose a site with reverse sloping hills the hide his troops on and a particularly narrow battlefield to avoid the numerical advantage having flanking affects.

  1. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    Supplementary payments were to be made by individual states, Bismarck found this distasteful and hoped the new tariffs would give the federal government a valuable extra source of income ensuring financial independence from both the states and the Reichstag. Bismarck also realised that there were political advantages in abandoning free trade.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Stalin also had political aims. He wanted to increase his power over the party, having recently defeated both left and right in the power struggle. Another interpretation is that Stalin did not plan an agricultural revolution, but got caught up in the process that was not controlled by any one person.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work