• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

was the dropping of the atomic bombs justified?

Extracts from this document...


Was the use of the atomic bombs on Japan in august 1945 justified? In the sixty years since World War 2, President Truman's decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan has been questioned by many people. The bombing caused many deaths but also clearly marked the end of the long drawn-out war. The justifications for the bombing are still however a widely discussed debate. Arguments supporting the justification of the bombing involve the President's stern belief that the Japanese had brought it on themselves, and that the bombing would end the war and save many American lives. The counter-arguments were that the Japanese were already defeated and so 'why was it necessary to drop the bomb?". Especially the second type, as evidence suggests that the Japanese were already defeated. Bombing and killing the innocent people shouldn't ever be justified, however, it was a war and the American government did warn the Japanese about the consequences of continuing the fight. On August 6, 1945, the atomic bomb enriched with uranium, coded "Little boy", was dropped over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The project was coded 'Trinity' when the first and only testing of 'Little boy' was on July 16th, 1945, near Alamogordo, New Mexico. This was considered to be spectacularly successful, however the bomb that was actually dropped on Hiroshima on august 6th resulted into a much more deadly and stronger bomb. ...read more.


Einstein sent to Franklin Roosevelt, the president of America at the time. Albert Einstein stated in 1996, "I made one great mistake in my life - when I signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made, but there was some justification - the danger that the Germans would make them". Sixty-nine other scientist even wrote a protesting letter to President Truman, however, it was no use for $2 Billion dollars was spent to develop the Nuclear weapon and therefore obliged the American officials to use the atomic bomb even if the Geneva Convention law did not allow any biological weapons to be used in war. Jimmy Byrnes, Secretary of state appointed by President Harry Truman himself without consulting anyone stated, "We spent 2 billion dollars and we're going use it". The Manhattan project, however, was a 'secret project' and the decision to produce the atomic bomb was made not democratically at all. The project needed to be a secret to prevent other countries from developing the bomb as well. After constant battling throughout the three years between Pearl Harbour and the dropping of the atomic bombs, the Japanese were seen as weak because it was losing major military installments and any control of waters and skies, which meant the Americans, had total control of attacking high above anytime. ...read more.


"I realize the tragic significance of the atom bomb," President Harry Truman stated in a radio address before the Japanese government finally surrendered, "[but we] have used it in order to shorten the agony of war, in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans". The Atomic bomb was unfortunately deadly successful in what it was aimed to do, which was ending World War two and to save American lives. General Groves, the Engineer Director of the Manhattan Project was desperate to see fruits of his labours before the end of the war. The cost to develop the bomb was $2 billion dollars was taken into great account as it would have been difficult to justify not using it after such a vast financial investment. The project produced 2 bombs, the one dropped on Nagasaki, however, was simply an unnecessary experiment to just try it out. So finally, I believe that the dropping of the first bomb was justified, however, the second dropping was not. (1721 words) Sources: GSCE modern world Text book - Ben Walsh. Modern world B - Mr. RJ Huggins. BBC history articles: 'Just a big bomb to end the war' by Daniel Snowman & 'Can the dropping of Hiroshima be justified?' by Lawrence Freedman and Gar Alperovitz. http://www.me.utexas.edu/~uer/manhattan/debates.html http://www.secondworldwar.co.uk/japs.html http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/Lesson_95_Notes.htm http://www.wikipedia.com http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/atomictest.htm http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB162/index.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/C005852/rise.htm http://www.ww2pacific.com/surrnote.html http://www.dannen.com/decision/index.html http://inventors.about.com/od/astartinventions/a/atomic_bomb.htm ?? ?? ?? ?? Nabilah Hamid 11ct Candidate number: 2388 History coursework Jerudong International School ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Argue either for or against this statement, "President Truman's decision to drop the bombs ...

    When in a state of war, the goal is to defeat your enemy, and keep your own men alive, so during the war, the lives of American soldiers were far more important to America than the lives of the Japanese; that was America's goal- to take Japanese lives.

  2. Free essay

    Did America drop the bomb in revenge, to prevent the USSR spreading, so Truman ...

    However, he places too much emphasis on racism, and not, as Walker has, on the will to save American lives. Truman had two nephews in the Pacific war, and he also had had experience in combat which meant he could empathise with the soldiers fighting.

  1. Bombing of Pearl Harbour

    to wingtip to reduce damage risks not to be ready to fly at first warning, and so on. The attack on Pearl Harbor failed to destroy the three aircraft carriers assigned to the Pacific Fleet (Enterprise, Lexington, and Saratoga). The attack did result in the permanent loss of Arizona and

  2. In 1945, atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Why did the Americans ...

    So to him, dropping the bomb was a feasible option. The Allies would not be required to invade Japan, and the war would end sooner, rather than later. Another reason why Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb is that the Manhattan Project had been already been started (it had commenced around the time of the Pearl Harbour attacks).

  1. Was the dropping of the A bombs justified? The year is 1945 in the ...

    But then the awesome power of the bomb would not have been demonstrated. So Truman may have decided to use the atomic bomb as a warning to the USSR. The images of the devastation caused by the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki are shocking.

  2. Truman had several reasons for dropping the atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

    however this did not show what the bombs were capable of in a populated area. Scientists did give Truman alternative locations to test the bombs such as uninhabited islands but the president wanted to properly see what the new weapon could do.

  1. Why did President Truman Decide to Drop the Two Atomic Bombs On Hiroshima and ...

    "We thought we would be able to defeat the Americans on their first landing attack. But if the Americans launched a second or third attack, first our food supply would run out, then our weapons" Secretary to Japanese Minister of War in 1963 It would have been only when there


    Source C supports source B very much. As source B confirms that the Americans had to see if the atomic bombs had worked. In source C, it corroborate that the bomb had cost $2000 million just to develop, and would be very difficult to not use the bomb after so much money being spend on that bomb.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work