What are the reasons Haig decided to attack at the Somme and was Haig a good or bad commander?
Haig decided to attack at the Somme because he believed that the French Army at Verdun needed to have the pressure taken off them by making the Germans send troops to another point of the line, namely, the Somme.
Haig also wanted to attack so that he could use the ground gained to cause massive losses to the Germans. He intended to do this by attacking the German positions, and then using those positions to defend against the Germans, because he made sure that he would take positions which the Germans would want back, and so they would counter-attack. When they did so, the British would kill as many German soldiers as possible, with as few British casualties as possible.
In all, the attack would give the British better positions, like the Poziere’s Ridge, which they could use to defend against the Germans, and the attack would also relieve the French Army at Verdun, which was under enormous pressure from the Germans, and which was close to being annihilated.