• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Charles' relationship with Parliament deteriorate between 1625-1629? There were numerous factors that contributed to the dissolution of Parliament in 1629. Parliament's relationship with the

Extracts from this document...


Why did Charles' relationship with Parliament deteriorate between 1625-1629? There were numerous factors that contributed to the dissolution of Parliament in 1629. Parliament's relationship with the monarchy had already been tested to its limits by James I, and the coronation of his 'sickly and reticent' son vastly worsened the situation. Between the years 1625 and 1629, the Monarchy and Parliament came into conflict many times, triggered by a number of different factors. Many individuals, both King Charles himself and those closest to him, orchestrated a large role in the breakdown of relations with Parliament. Charles had grown up in the shadow of his elder brother, Henry, and only became heir due to his brother's death. Consequently Charles was insecure and sensitive, lacking the qualities of a ruling monarch. His belief in the superiority of Kings, that they were 'little Gods on Earth', meant that he was extremely inflexible in his views, making it impossible for him to compromise with Parliament. An example of this is his refusal to agree that he could collect tunnage and poundage without Parliament's consent. ...read more.


Parliament twice threatened Buckingham with impeachment and Charles was forced to dissolve parliament to prevent Buckingham from going to trial. When he was attacked and killed in 1628, Parliament openly celebrated his death; angering Charles and increasing tension between the two sides. Religion was one of the most important factors in the conflicts between King and court. Religious troubles had been rife in England for many years, culminating in 1532 with the English Reformation, led by Henry VIII. England since had been a predominantly Protestant country, and Charles I, acting on advice from Buckingham, made himself deeply unpopular with Parliament by marrying a Catholic princess, Henrietta Maria from Spain. Charles' religion was also another point of conflict with Parliament. Charles practised Arminianism, a branch of Protestantism, which seemed to Parliament uncomfortably close to Catholicism. Charles embarked on a campaign to reform the church guided by his own beliefs, increasing the Royal power of the Arminians. He promoted William Laud, an Arminian leader, to the role of Bishop of London in 1628 which was the last straw for Parliament. Parliament rejected strongly to this; fearing that Charles was promoting a Catholic Britain. ...read more.


However a year later in 1628, in the middle of war Charles once again became desperate for money and was forced to call a new Parliament. The new Parliament presented Charles with a list of grievances, known as the Petition of Rights, and stated that they would not proceed unless the King accepted the rules lay out. Charles had no other option than to agree, strengthening his resolve against Parliament. There are many factors involved in explaining the conflict between Monarchy and Parliament, and each has an important role in the deterioration of their relationship. However in my opinion religion was the main catalyst for the breakdown of Parliament in 1629. Religion was the governing part of most people's lives in the 17th century, and had been the cause of conflict for centuries beforehand. The hatred of Catholics in Britain was widespread, and the anger and fear about Charles' Arminianism and his Catholic wife was an extremely important factor. Parliament feared that England would become a Catholic country under Charles; Catholicism for many people was synonymous to absolute monarchy and despotism, and so understandably this was the root of the tense relationship between the two groups. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Why did King Charles I Resort to Personal Rule in 1629?

    Men who refused to pay were imprisoned. The King justified the Forced Loan like the Free Gift by saying that people would have been obliged to pay had Parliament voted the subsidies and they would have voted the subsides had not a few troublemakers forced him to close it.

  2. Why did Charles I decide to dissolve parliament in 1629?

    Between 1625 and 1627 Charles raised money by securing a loan against the Crown Jewels, and selling Crown land. Charles's decision on a forced loan was controversial as it made the Crown poorer in the long term and was illegal and left people unhappy.

  1. Why was there a breakdown in relationship between king and parliament in 1629?

    Charles went against parliaments wishes on the matter and accepted the plan and sent 12,000 men across to Spain. England could not support this army at such a distance though and by the time the army had reached its first battle it had gone from a strength of 12,000 men

  2. Why Did Charles Dissolve Parliament in 1629?

    The Privy Council met and decided to force a loan worth five subsidies an all those that paid subsidies. This in affect was parliamentary taxation but without parliament sanctioning and created great unrest amongst MPs. They now believed that Charles was slowly making parliament redundant and turning the state in to an autocracy.

  1. Arabi israli conflict

    America also wanted to help a modern democracy rather than an old-fashioned monarchy like in the other Arab states. They wanted the democracy as an Ali for the Middle East so this is why America is so unpopular with Arabs and even Jews.

  2. The Effects of the Dissolution of the Monastries

    A hotly debated topic on why Henry actually dissolved the monasteries is whether or not Henry used the monasteries to make money. The dissolution of the monasteries was a revolution in land ownership second only to that which followed the Norman Conquest where the doomsday book was written (a text which listed every land owner and possession in the kingdom).

  1. Why did Charles I decide to govern without calling the parliament?

    It did not encourage him to love these people. After his death, Charles had the opportunity to reallocate all the titles and officers. He appointed his own men into the government, so he can take more control of it. During the 1920s, the problem that kept poisoning the relations between Charles and the Parliaments was finance.

  2. How far was foreign policy the main cause of conflict between Crown and Parliament ...

    By 1621 England was at the height of economic depression, suffering from a series of harvest failures and a slump in cloth trade caused by the failure of the Cockayne project.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work