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WHY DID CIVIL WAR BREAK OUT IN 1642? During the 16th Century parliament power had been increasing. This caused major tension between the monarchy and parliament. When Charles came to the throne in 1625 this tension grew and from that time until he was executed, he had to cope with the civil war and parliament trying to overthrow the divine right of Kings idea. In this essay I will attempt to analyse the long term and short term causes that led to Charles losing control of parliament. Charles and parliament clashed over power. These power struggles went on throughout Charles' reign. An example of these power struggles was at the start of Charles' reign. Lord Buckingham had been one of King James's favourites and Charles also liked him. In 1625 Buckingham went on an expedition to Spain. This was a disaster and he lost a lot of ships and spent a lot of money. ...read more.


Charles was involved in the Catholic vs Protestant struggles that had been happening for decades and are still happening today. These continued throughout his reign. Charles' reign got off to a bad start when he married Henrietta Maria, A devout catholic. These made people dislike him. During the 1630's Charles and Archbishop Laud began to make changes to the Church. They wanted Churches to be decorated and look beautiful. The puritans in parliament didn't approve, as they believed that Churches should be simple. When Laud introduced a controversial new prayer book, this also made some parliamentarian puritans unhappy. The Scots also didn't like it and they rioted. Charles sent an army to Scotland but didn't have enough money to pay the soldiers. This caused him to introduce a new tax named coat and conduct money. The British public did not like paying this tax and it helped cause the taxpayer's strike 1639-1640. ...read more.


On 1st November 1641, people in London heard that Catholics had risen up in Ireland and had killed 20,000 Protestants. The rumours were that Charles was behind an attempt to make England all catholic. In January 1642. Charles tried to arrest five M.P.s, He stormed into the parliament building with dozens of soldiers. However, these men had been warned and had already fled the building. This rash move by Charles brought the civil war extremely close and it convinced parliament that Charles was trying to overthrow them. These triggers made the civil war imminent, as it was the first time either side had used force. I believe that both parliament and Charles caused the civil war. I think that power was the most important of the four causes we have looked at. This is because power was primarily what the parliament vs. Charles feud was about. Although I believe that some of Charles' rash actions were significant in the causes of the civil war. I also think that parliament's attitude didn't help. ?? ?? ?? ?? Andy Powell 8W 05/07/2007 ...read more.

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