• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Mussolini Become Prime Minister in 1922?

Extracts from this document...


Why did Mussolini become Prime Minister in 1922? In 1922 Mussolini was appointed by King Victor Emmanuel III to become Italy's Prime Minister. The Kings role was only the tip of the iceberg of reasons for why Mussolini gained power. Though fascism was very popular, it did not have enough seats in parliament to gain power, so other factors were mainly responsible for Mussolini Prime Ministerial appointment. The weaknesses of the Italian states and its long-term political frailties. He was also helped immensely by the impact the First World War had on Italian politics, and between the period of the end of the war and Mussolini's inauguration there was a lot of confusion which was mainly the trasformismo systems fault. One major reason for his appointment was the weakness of the opposition to the Fascist Party; the main rivals of fascism were the Socialist and Liberals. Parties were very unstable because since the Risorgimento Italy had been under the rule of Parliamentary Liberals, and Prime Minister only lasted for short terms. ...read more.


He then began to negotiate with Liberals in the government. He then made sure that he kept his followers in check by offering vague compromises from the traditional political leader, yet at the same time managed to keep them divided from each other. Once Mussolini saw that his opponents were becoming weaker, and more nervous he unleashed the threat of a Fascist March on Rome to take control there, he claimed that the march would save Italy from anarchy and also Communism. This threat made Facta, head of the current government, so nervous that he ordered for more troops to be sent to Rome, in the face of the Fascist threat. At 5am on the 28th October Facta established, that as the King Victor Emmanuel III, was the ruler of the country and therefore the armed forces, that he would issue a decree establishing martial law. However, at 9am when Facta approached the king, Victor Emmanuel being unsure of the loyalty of the army to the monarchy, had changed his mind. ...read more.


They failed to see how the fascist violence was mainly responsible for this crisis; instead they focused on the possible threat of the tame socialists. The fascist came to power because the middle classes and many other supporters of fascism were convinced that socialism was a major threat to their living standards and they believed that many concessive governments hadn't done enough to stop the socialist. The socialists themselves were also responsible for the new fascist government as their Alliance of Labour general strike had failed in August 1922, which led people to think that Mussolini was the man who saved Italy from a possible socialist coup, but Mussolini's own efforts can not be discredited as he played a mind-game with the King and the Liberal State, by bluffing his way into power. "He had promised everyone everything" Historian Roberto Velencio says. People failed to see through the veil of false promises and Mussolini knew that by manipulating people he would gain success, then once in power he could pose his real ideology and malice dictatorship on Italy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The most important reason for Mussolini being made Prime Minister was the actions of ...

    Italians were afraid that a revolution was in the not to distant future. A significant consequence of this was that there was increased support for the Fascists among the social elite and the upper Middle Classes. However, I believe the reason as to why Benito Mussolini became the Italian Prime Minister was due to the actions of the Fascists.

  2. Why was Mussolini appointed Prime Minister in 1922?

    After World War One, many embittered soldiers joined Mussolini in the Fascist movement. These soldiers were angry about the 'mutilated victory' that Italy had suffered at the hands of a Liberal government. The Fascist party promised righteousness and justice for those who had suffered and many generals joined the ranks of Fascism.


    were terrified by a prospect of socialist rule. The Fascists seemed to be the best bulwark against socialism to these classes, meaning the Fascists now had an important role in society in cracking down against socialism. When the socialists attempted general strike on 1st August 1922, it raised the spectre of the Soviet revolution, allowing the Fascists to

  2. Why Did Mussolini become Prime Minister in 1922?

    There were also problems with Giolitti and Salandra as both were unable to work well with each other due to the long term rivalry which existed between them. The collapse of governments happened fairly regularly, but with the socialists gaining the majority of seats, the already unstable system was further

  1. Why Mussolini was appointed Prime Minister in 1922?

    These people would form the base support Mussolini would need. It also meant that the fascists were preferred to the socialists because of the violence carried out by the fascists as time went on.

  2. Why Was Mussolini Able To Become A Dictator Just Six Years After His Appointment ...

    * The King was supportive of Mussolini due to his personality and his aims. Mussolini promised to end the political instability of Italy and seemed as though he valued the King and army. He also felt that to deny Mussolini power would cause even more problems as Mussolini had huge public support.

  1. Albert Speers Role as German Armaments Minister during the War

    However, these nicknames have come under serious disrepute within the last 30 years. Speer was arrested in 1945 and was put on trial at Nuremberg at which he was charged with: 1. having plotted to wage aggressive war 2. of participating in war crimes 3. of committing war crimes 4.

  2. Assess the reasons why Mussolini was appointed Prime Minister in 1922

    The main action the fascists used was violence. They did not topple socialism with votes but crushed it using military tactics and squads of men trained in violence the Squadristi. They would target socialists in a local area and take over power of that territory by destroying socialist buildings and prominent figures.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work