Why was Germany unable to defeat Britain by 1941?

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0Jamie Davies


Why was Germany unable to defeat Britain by 1941?

In this essay I am going to research why Germany was unable to defeat Britain.

 To enable me to do this I am going to investigate all the key events that happened e.g. the evacuation of Dunkirk.

  Germany was unable to defeat Britain by 1941 because Germany kept changing their tactics and Britain was taking full advantage of this.

      The first key event that Britain took full advantage of was the evacuation of Dunkirk in 1940; also know as the “miracle.”

The advancing German army trapped the British and French armies on the beaches of Dunkirk. 330,000 men were trapped and they were a sitting target, for the Germans.

From may 24th 1940 to 4th June 1940 hundreds of small boats helped ferry over 330,000 allied forces from the beaches of Dunkirk, to the larger ships offshore. The larger ships could not get near the beaches of Dunkirk as the beach of Dunkirk was on a shallow slope and the larger boats were an easy target for the Germans.

Despite the attacks from German fighter and bomber planes Hitler never launched a full-scale attack on the beaches of Dunkirk.

This was Hitler’s first fatal mistake of the war, because over 333,000 soldiers were evacuated from the beaches of Dunkirk.

The evacuation of Dunkirk was a success because Hitler ordered his tanks to stop outside Dunkirk so the bulk of the British army was saved; also lines of men were waiting in an orderly queue for a boat to transport them home, over 330,000 men were rescued.

  However this point has been exaggerated because 1,212,000 men had been captured as well as equipment and tanks.

  This was because the British government wanted the evacuation of Dunkirk to seem like a success, even though the French surrendered not long after on June 22nd, France was now split into two, the north was governed by the Germans and the south became know as Vichy France.

       The next key event is the battle of Britain, it took place between august and September 1940.

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The Germans wanted to control the English Channel to launch her invasion on Britain.

The Germans code-named this operation sea lion.

The Germans wanted control of the channel so the British navy would not be able to attack the Germans when they landed on the Kent and Sussex beaches. To control the channel the Germans needed to take control of the air.

However Britain had a number of advantages over the Luftwaffe because Britain had radar which gave them early warning of the approach of the German planes.

Bad weather stopped the Luftwaffe raids through the day so ...

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