Why was there a women's movement after 1870

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                                                                                                                                                    George Cohen

Why was there a women’s movement after 1870?

     There were many events that contributed to a movement for women after 1870. Among these were the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the Chartist movement and the poor state of education and working conditions for women.  These factors together meant that inevitably there was going to be a movement after 1870. I am going to talk about these key factors in this essay.

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     The Enlightenment was a philosophical movement that occurred during the mid-nineteenth century.  It challenged old conventional beliefs about women being inferior to men and that gender was entirely irrelevant in politics. Mary Wollstonecraft, and others, founded a women’s political association to campaign for women’s political rights. This cause was taken up by a Liberal MP named John Stuart Mill. Mill tried to get the word “man” changed to the word “person” in the 1867 Reform Bill, so that women could get the vote. His idea was rejected, but this was the idea that the Enlightenment took up, ...

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