Explain the security risks and protection mechanisms involved in website performance.

Authors Avatar by ellouise1997hotmailcom (student)

Hacking is when somebody gains unauthorised access to data in a system or computer. A hacker will break codes and passwords to get into the computer system which can cause a lot of damage to the system. Unfortunately, even with firewalls preventing hacking it still has occurred to many popular websites including Facebook, Microsoft and Twitter. Twitters systems were hacked early February 2013. The hackers were able to gain access to over 250,000 user accounts including their usernames together with their encrypted and randomised passwords.

Phishing is when somebody tries to obtain financial or other confidential information from Internet users, typically by sending an email that looks as if it is from a legitimate organisation but contains a link to a fake website that replicates the real one where information is stolen. Many banks are the target of phishing. Banks such as Santander, HSBC and NatWest. Customers of their banks will receive an email claiming to be from their bank saying there is a problem and they need personal private information in order to fix it like bank account details and pin numbers; if successful they can steal lots of money from people’s accounts.

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Identity theft is a fraudulent practice of using somebody else’s name and personal information in order to obtain credit. Hypertext Transfer protocol is the data transfer protocol used on the World Wide Web which can help prevent identity theft. Identity theft can happen with all websites without knowing. People can use malicious software to gain information on online shopping payment pages even if the website have good protocols in place to stop it from happening.

There are many methods that can protect websites. One way is to use Firewalls. A firewall is a network security system that ...

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