ICT Systems in Organisations - Broadoak Community School.

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ICT Systems in Organisations – Broadoak Community School

This report is going to be based on the ICT system in Broadoak Community School. It will include the main hardware and software components that we use, the networks and connections and an analysis of the hardware, software and the system’s efficiency.


The physical, touchable, material parts of a computer or other system. The term is used to distinguish these fixed parts of a system from the more changeable software or data components, which it executes, stores, or carries.

Computer hardware typically consists chiefly of electronic devices (CPU, memory, display) with some electromechanical parts (keyboard, printer, disk drives, tape drives, loudspeakers) for input, output, and storage, though completely non-electronic (mechanical, electromechanical, hydraulic, biological) computers have also been conceived of and built.

[Definition according to Dictionary.com]

Hardware can be divided into three categories, Input, Output and Process. Input hardware is defined as an object used to enter information into a computer such as keyboards and scanners. Output hardware is defined as an object used to extract information from a computer such as printers and monitors. Process hardware is the objects that process the information inside the CPU such as processors.


The school uses many types of hardware including:

  • Desktop Computers
  • ‘IZZI’ type notebook computers
  • Laptops
  • Laser Printers
  • Inkjet Printers
  • Servers
  • Modems
  • Scanners
  • Digital Cameras/Web Cams
  • LAN and Networking

Desktop Computers

These make up the main bulk of the Broadoak computer system. They are used for many different tasks, such as word processing, school accounts, the Internet and many other subject specific programs. The desktop computers are made up of a CPU (Central Processing Unit) that contains all of the operating equipment including the RAM (a set of storage locations that are volatile and so are lost when the power is turned off), ROM (a memory that holds information permanently and cannot be altered by the computer or programmer) and processor. A monitor, which displays visual information, a mouse, and a keyboard, for inputting data into the system. Occasionally the desktops in school have other hardware such as projectors, control boxes, scanners and digital cameras connected to them. There is also a modem installed in every computer, in order to access the Internet and LAN. In the library a specialist piece of software is connected, a barcode scanner. This helps to catalogue books and speeds up the checking out process.    

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‘IZZI’ Type Notebook Computers

All of the teachers are issued with very small notebook computers known as IZZIs. Samsung™ makes the IZZI and they are small enough to be carried in a bag. They are all connected to the wireless LAN (Local Area Network) via the Samsung™ network cards. They also have a touch screen and a stylus for selecting touch screen objects, there is a fault in this because the styli always get broken.


Laptops have much the same capabilities as desktops. However, they are smaller, lighter and therefore are much more versatile. These machines ...

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