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AS and A Level: Information Systems and Communication

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  1. specification I have created this database for a local secondary school called The Connaught School. The database is being created to be used by any member of staff working at the school.

    The uniform includes of black blazers, green and black tie, white shirts, black trousers, and black shoes. Among the school contains a leisure centre which has two brand new sports halls and one large gym. The leisure centre funs a various amount of clubs and activities. For example football, basketball, cricket, boxing, judo, karate, table tennis and badminton. The school does not have a 6th form; however has a day-care service for young children. In the main building it has one canteen for pupils and staff. Recently the school has required new computers in its computer centre.

    • Word count: 982
  2. Installing and Upgrading Software

    So then I will go to my computer then into CD drive to activate the setup program. The applications that I am going to install are * Microsoft Word * Microsoft Excel * Microsoft PowerPoint Create a folder called MP in the client's main drive, to do that I will follow the following - Go to "My Computer" - Click on the main drive "Local Disk" - Create a folder called " MP" Then I will create subfolders in her main drive called - Letters - Charts - Slide shows I will save the files in the subfolders of each

    • Word count: 671
  3. ICt coursework evaluation

    Although, the system is protected by a password, all forms do not have password to protect it. If the system is left alone by entering the password, other can access through it easily. Hence, it is only protected at the beginning. c. The database should be able to locate any records, which are relevant quickly and efficiently as when end user requires it. I have met this objective. I have fulfilled my end user's requirement by setting up the relationship between tables. Once, the record is changed in one location then it will automatically change through out the system.

    • Word count: 818
  4. impact of HCI

    Mobile phones usability has changed dramatically since they were first developed this has been shown easily, as before people were only able to make calls which had not so good or inconclusive reception, they were massive and were difficult to keep mobile now however phones are of a hand held size which include many features such as excel, word and even a dictionary to correct spelling mistakes. We are able to access the internet listen to mp4 tracks and even in some places of the world buying products from vending machines using our phones.

    • Word count: 917
  5. System Testing of project

    Test number Test How it will be tested Expected result Result 4 See if When an item of stock goes below 3 should show error message update stock Run a macro on database to see if stock is below 4 When an item has stock below 4 should show a message about updating stock. Result: As you can see the stock item has reached below a stock level of that quantity of four, so it has been highlighted in red.

    • Word count: 912
  6. Implementation of a switchboard.

    The button uses A recorded macro and generates onto my application form which is made using the "Toolbox". Here is my application form: My application form has a lot of VB coding to it, for example; when I have filed in all the box's and press sent, it will reset all the box's to there initial state, as well as bring up a message saying "Your Application has been sent" as

    • Word count: 413
  7. Systems Analysis Systems Analysis systems Analysis

    Design- This is the design of the program. This is how the program is set out and planned from the layout, title, subheading and paragraphs. Implementation- Development of a program. The process of putting all program functions and activities into place. Testing- This means when you have designed the program and test it out to see where the error is. Maintenance- The maintenance involves making changes to hardware, software to support its operational effectiveness * Variations of Software Development Life Cycle 1.

    • Word count: 689
  8. An expert system is a computer application that solves complicated problems that would otherwise require extensive human expertise. To do so, it simulates the human reasoning process

    Expert systems have a very wide potential application to many areas of human endeavor in which expertise is important. Areas of application include: * Medical diagnosis * Taxation planning * Product pricing Characteristics a) The most obvious feature of an expert system is that it operates as an interactive system that responds to questions, asks for clarifications, makes recommendations and generally aids the decision-making process. To a user, this interactive interface is what would distinguish an expert system from any ordinary computer tool. Behind this interface lie other characteristics that may not be immediately obvious to a person using the tool.

    • Word count: 727
  9. Communication Table for business

    Explain in detail these different methods of communications. You must include 3 paper-based types of communications - use a Letter, Memo and Report and include ICT methods of communications - to cover these different types of communications. For ICT methods you can use Emails, Video conferencing, Internet or Intranet. You have to give details on how it works, whether the communication is for internal or external use and whom it is for within the organisation. You need to say why this method of communication is appropriate and whether there are advantages and disadvantages of the type of communication.

    • Word count: 641
  10. There are three separate energy systems required involve in physical activities. Different sports may require the development of one of these systems or all three. With knowledge of these different energy systems this enables training

    However there is another molecule called phosphocreatine (PC) in muscle cells. This can be hydrolsyed to release energy to instantly re-synthesize ATP. This energy system is called ATP-PC or Alactic Anaerobic. This can provide a brief, approximately 10-30 seconds only, intense muscular contraction. This mechanism is anaerobic so requires no oxygen, and does not cause a build-up of toxins like lactic acid. This mechanism is the first supply of ATP and obviously is only useful for short muscular bursts or sudden movement.

    • Word count: 660
  11. The purpose of this essay is to describe an incident which occurred with a patient while in the clinical placement. This paper will attempt briefly to describe an encounter with a patient on the ward in terms of the use of effective communication skills.

    Mr. Black is a 64 year old patient diagnosed with personality disorder and paralysis. I approached Mr. Black after he had called for help. I addressed Mr. Black and asked him what i could do for him. As he started speaking, i used colloquialism, as Miller (2002) stated was part of verbal communication, yet i could not understand what he was saying, although i knew he was from the West Indies since i saw how his daughter looked and dressed the day before, his speech was not clear, he spoke low, stumbled over the words and could not articulate the sounds because of the paralysis.

    • Word count: 705
  12. What is Homeostasis?

    Breathing is essential to life: it allows oxygen to be taken in and carbon dioxide to be given off. Processing food in order to obtain the energy needed for a wide range of activities is dependent on a continuous supply of oxygen to the cells. The respiratory system takes in oxygen and excretes carbon dioxide. Homeostasis allows the respiratory system to take in oxygen in many different situations where the breathing rate is irregular. Muscular activity requires a source of energy. When muscles are working aerobically, three main products are created: heat, carbon dioxide, and water. The heat produced by active muscles helps to maintain body temperature, so muscle is contributing to heat homeostasis.

    • Word count: 739
  13. The learning system in most American schools is based on an environment structured to encourage the students to become actively involved in the learning process. Discuss

    The students are given more time on discussions and physical activities. Conversation is necessary to their type of learning. In Hong Kong, students have lessons in traditional class and follow instructions given by the teacher, Usually talking and moving around is forbidden, their focus is to prepare the students to sit for the pubic examinations. Therefore it makes us feel that teacher target to spoon fed the whole syllabus to students and students are to memorize textbooks for the exams.

    • Word count: 580
  14. Discuss the types of control you and your friend would use and the control processes the two of you would implement as new owners of the firm.

    that are characterized by formal rules, standardized operation procedures, and routines. This type of control is best suited for the firm as control reduces human discretion and so saves time. Cybernetic control is best suited for large inventories as it can place orders when inventory reaches a specified level (Bartol et al 4th edition). It simply isn't possible for managers to carry out this process in a large inventory MANAGERIAL APPROACHES TO IMPLEMENTING CONTROLS Bureaucratic control approach Bureaucratic control is the use of written rules, policies, hierarchy of authority, standardization, etc., to standardize and control employee behavior.

    • Word count: 634
  15. Under what conditions would it be appropriate to use a process costing system?

    Costing are accumulated by job-order costing system; how are cost accumulated in a process costing system? Under process costing, costs are accumulated by department, rather than by order, and assign these costs uniformly to all units that pass through the department during a period. 4. What two essential features characterize any processing department in a process costing system? The first feature is the activity performed in the processing department must be performed uniformly on all units passing through it.

    • Word count: 708
  16. A History of Apple's Operating Systems

    Apple has been around since 1976, and many accounts of its history have been told. If the story of Apple as a company is fascinating, so is the "technical" story of Apple's operating systems. This document discusses operating systems that Apple has created in the past, and many that it tried to create. Through this discussion, we will come across several technologies the confluence of which eventually led to Mac OS X. An important goal of the discussion is to better understand the reasons, and if possible, the rationale behind Mac OS X and its important components.

    • Word count: 551
  17. Assess the view that the most important feature of an electoral system is proportionality.

    This is the most proportional system where votes are equal to the seats. There are many various forms of P.R, and the most commonly used one is called the P.R List system. This is used in all European countries except for the UK Ireland and France. Parties list there candidates in the order in which they want them to be elected. There are 2 variants of the list system, Closed List and Open List. In the closed list system is used in Israel and Spain. This system can be used in multi-member constituencies, but in Israel there is one constituency and 120 seats.

    • Word count: 850
  18. Why Study Human Computer Interaction?

    The main reason why mainly people study or are interested in HCI is because they want to increase the efficiency of their staff and hence, make more money. Another important factor is safety; some kinds of computer systems can affect safety issues if the design of HCI is not good enough. As HCI addresses needs for the computer to be widely accepted and used effectively they need to be well designed both for the need and the capabilities of people for whom they are intended.

    • Word count: 743
  19. "Communication is simply a matter of sending and receiving messages" Discuss the process of communication in light of this statement. You may wish to use models to illustrate your answers.

    Once it finds the target it shoots. However there is no room for feedback in this model. It is simply just a matter of sending and receiving messages while ignoring the response. This is the same for Laswell's model (1948). He said the process of communication could be described as Who, Says what, in which Channel, To Whom, with what Effect. The most important element is channel. The channel is important as it is the physical way in which the message has been sent and so can have a big influence on how the receiver portrays the message.

    • Word count: 814
  20. A brief outlook on some of the various forms of Telecommunications and different advances in Telecommunication technologies.

    This commitment will provide 10's of millions of WAP browser-enabled products to consumers by the end of 2000. WAP allows carriers to strengthen their service offerings by providing subscribers with the information they want and need while on the move. Infrastructure vendors will deliver the supporting network equipment. Application developers and content providers delivering the value-added services are contributing to the WAP specification. Global Positioning Systems - Locating Your Enterprise in Time and Space Society has a tendency to take the best technologies and make them indispensable then almost invisible. GPS gives the world accurate time to nanoseconds and accurate position to meters without high-cost precision equipment The ultimate applications are difficult to predict.

    • Word count: 982
  21. Business Communications

    The advantages of these more traditional methods of communication are that they offer the personal touch to the customer. It is important that all functional areas with in a business communicate with each other. For example take a section of the NHS, The Paediatric Wing of the L& D Hospital. This includes four wards, which operate 24 hours a day 7 days a week. The employment structure is as follows: (see spider gram on following page). All of the departments must communicate amongst themselves and with each other in order that the paediatric wing runs efficiently and that patients receive the best possible care.

    • Word count: 911
  22. Different Purposes for which an Organisation uses ICT.

    Companies can use this to send mail quickly to another part of the company or even a customer and get feedback quickly from anywhere in the world, this can be seen in customer service departments of organisations as this allows the customer to send an e-mail and gain the information needed quickly and also allows the company to help the customer or act on any problem promptly. Networking (computers linked with one another) within a company also plays a big role for communication, although this would only be for within the company and could be used on a global scale.

    • Word count: 925
  23. French pre-revolutionary Government - 'An archaic and corrupt society, with little sign of social and economic progress.'

    In most European countries the system of feudalism had died out in the Middle Ages. Although there were still clear boundaries between rich and poor, this no longer played a practical role in the political system. However in France the rigid system which dictated the social and economic standing of all the country's citizens, from the King to the poorest peasant, was still very prominent. The King was second only to God, while the clergy and nobles, many of them very wealthy, paid no taxes and the peasants lived in poverty serving the landlords and carrying the weight of the rest of France through the heavy taxes they were forced to pay.

    • Word count: 997
  24. Communication within the work place.

    All organisations and places of work need to be able to communicate with other people within the organisation. The most successful companies throughout the world are those who encourage two-way communication. Communication can only take place if it is a two or more people passing information. What is Communication? Communication is the passing of information between two people. Processes When a message has been delivered for it to be effective communication you are required to receive feedback to know that the message has been understood, otherwise it is one-way communication which means there is no feedback from the message which has been delivered this can cause the message to be misunderstood by the person who is receiving the message.

    • Word count: 821
  25. Max Weber was among the first great social theorists to stress the importance of legitimacy.

    Variations in such beliefs have been shown to have implications for the structure, stability, and operations of the system. While analyzing legal order, Weber developed a distinction between general social norms and what he termed guaranteed law: the existence of a "coercive apparatus, that is, that there are one or more persons whose special task it is to hold themselves ready to apply specially provided means of coercion (legal coercion) for the purpose of norm enforcement." Thus, Weber regarded regulatory institutions as clearly distinctive from other, normative elements.

    • Word count: 712

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