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AS and A Level: Information Systems and Communication

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  1. The Role of ICT.

    They may feel they will be either replaced or inadequately trained to operate the system, in which case the organisation would usually provide training. Another social impact would be that more employees would begin to work from home (teleworking) the remaining workers or the teleworkers may miss the social atmosphere of the working environment. An organisational impact would be that the organisation has the option of globalisation (advertising/web pages) this would make their product available to a much more global market, therefore resulting in more profit (excluding costs of web pages, advertisements etc).

    • Word count: 555
  2. Using data from items A, B and C and elsewhere, discuss how far methods of social control have become bureaucratised in the last two hundred years.

    Then gave way to the birth of the prison system in which public displays of punishment converted to other methods of control and the decisions made on how a person be punished was governed by agencies rather than a single person in sovereignty. The goals where no longer to inflict pain and humiliation but to offer a different kind of control, a control of the mind and body and it became a method in which to covert a person rather than a means to an end.

    • Word count: 967
  3. Electoral systems.

    The main example is AV+ made for Britain, which is 80% majority and 20% proportional. There are 4 main objectives of electoral systems: 1,Decisive government- This formed when a government can out vote all the other parties put together with a comfortable margin just in case some of the governments own Mps vote against its polices. This is important because the government can carry out its polices in the best interests of its voters without being scrutinized and without creating arguments.

    • Word count: 523
  4. 1601 Elizabethan Poor Law.

    There were people who collected the taxes from the townspeople and these were called Overseer's. England in the 1790's: There was a population explosion in the 1700's. In 1790's Industrial revolution took place and this meant that people were leaving the agricultural trade and pursuing something exciting with better prospects. The cities of England were becoming overcrowded by all of the 'newcomers'. Many of the people that had made the big trip to the city had failed in their attempt to become rich. This left people poor with no- where to go. No one had thought about doing anything about the poverty in the cities.

    • Word count: 551
  5. The Battle of Britain, 1940 Contribution of Fighter Command.

    The operating headquarters of Fighter Command was Bentley Priory, where it passed information on to the Filter Room on finding out of a possible attack, and so the Group Operations room was alerted, and the commanders would choose which sector would intercept, and the fighter squadrons were also alerted. Contribution of Radar (Radio Direction Finding) This was very important to the defence network, as when a new generation of faster, better aircrafts were designed, the British knew that their early warning techniques must improve.

    • Word count: 523
  6. A brief history of stress investigation

    with the assumption that nothing would happen as saline should have no effect on the rats metabolism. He found in fact that the rats suffered the same physiological alterations to those being injected with hormones. The obvious conclusion is that it is the injection itself that is causing the physiological changes not the substance that is being injected. Therefore the changed state was as a result of the rats' response to being injected. Any of you who are 'needle phobic' would have saved an awful lot of rats having to go through such experiments because you could have dramatically demonstrated that having a needle put into you will cause stress!

    • Word count: 982
  7. What is communication?

    The receiver lets the sender know the message has been received and how it has been received. This is called feedback. If the receiver is satisfied with the feedback the message ends. If the sender is not satisfied with feedback then the message is likely to be repeated - perhaps in a different way. methods of communication Written - the use of the written work and numbers in memos, reports, the agenda and minutes of meetings, letters telex and fax. Oral - use of the spoken work in conversation, giving instructions, meetings, tape recorders, radio, tannoy systems, telephone. Visual - posters, advertisements, charts graphs, computer graphics, and television.

    • Word count: 567
  8. Describe the condition of Britain's railways and suggest how they might be improved

    Commuters are increasingly late for work and some do not make it there at all and at the moment there does not seem to be a long-term plan to resolve the crisis. The rail network is facing staff problems with employees going on strike because they are not paid enough. The journey from my home in Milton Keynes to London (which takes as little as 35 minutes on the train at times) would cost an adult around twenty pounds off peak. With the trains often busy, it is therefore impossible to comprehend why the staff is not paid well.

    • Word count: 595
  9. What do we mean by distributed systems?

    The Sun Operating System, Solaris is another which offers distributed file storage and process execution. What are the characteristics of Distributed Systems? These characteristics are taken from the book Distributed Systems - Concepts and Design: * Networks - they are all networked one way or another * Communication - often message passing * Resource sharing - files, data, processors * Openness - UNIX, Java, CORBA * Concurrency - components of the system may execute simultaneously * Scalability - increasing the size of a system should have no effect other than an increase in performance or capacity.

    • Word count: 613
  10. What are the uses and limitations of non-verbal communication in a specific job?

    Limitations on the job in a lot of respects depend on the family. The job is based on communication and to communicate effectively there has to be open channels of communication. If there is no verbal communication you can not guess what clients want. Without verbal communication nothing can be established. Other limitations of NVC extend to the style in which someone speaks (prosody) paralanguage (tempo, volume, pitch.) Funeral directors have to interact with clients with a genuinely caring attitude and with a good level of empathy. Most are in the position of having little or no professional training with the public.

    • Word count: 801
  11. Communication and Non-communication in Act 2 Scene 2 of Brian Friel's "Translations"

    On the other hand, Yolland wishes to stay in Baile Beag. This is conveyed later in the scene where Yolland states "I'm not going to leave here" and moments later Maire says "Take me away with you, George." If they were able to communicate on a deeper level, then they would see that their relationship, purely emotional and physical, is completely impractical due to contrasting desires. Maire begins to use very primitive English, mispronouncing the elements "water", "fire" and "earth" possibly to demonstrate that their feelings for each other are only primitive, and not intimate.

    • Word count: 831
  12. Analysis report on for ICT systems in Sawastore

    Bar Code Equipment that already exists. Epos and this is a bar code, monitor and a scanner. You can upgrade to Eftpos. This gives customers cash back. Customers could shop without cash in their hand meaning using the credibility. Main task is Epos. Occasionally Eftpos. Security gives a wide overview of the whole store, whilst on the computers are databases, stock control, accounts such as supplies and staff wages.

    • Word count: 321
  13. “Communication is simply a matter of sending & receiving messages” Do you agree with this statement?

    If these disturbed meanings get through it will be received with problems if received at all. Mechanical barrier is something that has interfered with the communication channel i.e. any factor that interrupts or effects the conversation such as telephone, music and especially television. A semantic barrier is where the sender and receiver of a message experience barriers between themselves and as a result do not understand each other. I.e. Stutter, different languages and differing accents. Psychological barrier is the last form of a communication obstacle.

    • Word count: 935
  14. Making Reference To Leading Alternative Systems, Critically Assess the Case For Electoral Reform In the Uk.

    The current system of voting representatives for general elections in the UK is the 'first past the post' or 'simple majority' system. The UK is split into different geographic locations, called constituencies. These constituencies have approximately the same population. As people constantly move, the boundaries of these constituencies have to be altered from time to time to ensure people are receiving fair representation, and in the UK this is done by the Boundary Commision. One candidate will be elected from each constituency to represent it in the House of Commons.

    • Word count: 659
  15. Internal and External Communications

    Common Forms of Internal Communication The three main ways of communication in a business are verbal, written and electronic. Verbal is communicated by people talking to each other, it is done through telephone messages or recorded messages using answering machines and voice mail. Although verbal information can be obtained quickly it often needs backing up in written form. For example, when you communicate an important message to a work colleague he or she might also say 'could you also email me about that' or 'please can I have that in writing?' Written information will cover a range of paper documents that are exchanged within an organisation.

    • Word count: 800
  16. Computer Hacking

    This caused a big problem to the people whose files they were "hacking" into, because it is a violation of the people's rights, the right to privacy. Now people all over the world are trying to discover new technology to protect themselves from hackers, but all efforts, so far, have been in vain, because there are still hackers and they still are able to access files. Criterion B: IT Background on the issue The early history of hackers is centered on MIT in the 1950's and 1960's.

    • Word count: 943
  17. Think about a time when you had to identify the key cause of a problem and come up with a workable solution. How did you gather the relevant information?

    How did you analyse the data collected? The focus in the analysis of the data collected was to make a decision on which was the best route for solving the problem that I had. The important factors that were important to my needs software needs were clearly established. I needed the communication problem to be solved in the simplest way possible and cater for my exact needs. For example, I disregarded using Java RMI because it was Java specific whereas I needed something that worked with programs in different languages.

    • Word count: 982
  18. Making reference to different systems and countries, discuss the respective advantages and disadvantages of majoritarian and proportional systems

    However there are disadvantages. Although it does provide wide representation, it over represents the winning party creating an element of disproportionality. The winning party also rarely wins an out right majority making them the minority's choice. It also under represents parties receiving less then 35% of the vote. Some votes matter more than others especially in marginal seats creating the problem of wasted votes. The system also creates regional imbalance, in 1997 the conservatives didn't receive any votes in Scotland.

    • Word count: 873
  19. The Development of Information Technology

    Presper Eckert built the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) for the US military and went on to market the UNIVAC 1 in 1949. * 1552 - UNIVAC predicted Eisenhower's victory with 5% of vote. Grace Hopper and symbolic notation, making programming easier. * 1958 - Transistors * 1958 to 1964 - US computer population went from 2,500 to 18,000 * Mid 1960's Integrated Circuits (IC's)

    • Word count: 468
  20. The Advantages and Disadvantages of the First Past the Post Voting System

    The simplicity of this system means that voting is open to everyone who wants to vote. The First Past the Post System suits parties with significant socio-economic support nationally. Parties like Labour and the Conservatives gain an advantage from it as they win the largest majorities of seats for example in 1992 the Conservatives and Labour gained 93.2% of the seats even though they had only 76.3% of the vote between them. This happens because support for other parties such as the Liberals and SNP tend to be more thinly spread.

    • Word count: 743
  21. What are the most effective ways that you the teacher can benefit from feedback from the students and their parents? Advantages and disadvantages of various approaches. Suggestions for improvements?

    An example of one such approach is being implemented in Mountainview Elementary School. In Mountainview Elementary School, West Virginia, the entire reporting system was revised and replaced with a more parent involved approach. Parents were fully informed about the new reporting system before implementation and several questions and answer seminars were held to attend to any queries or concerns that parents may have had. Progress reports were sent home but opportunities for parent and teacher conferences, both before and after the issue of the reports, were strongly encouraged so as teachers could use the feedback constructively.

    • Word count: 868
  22. My Experience of IT Procedures and Policies in a large company

    But, this information needs to be secure so I also adopted security and confidentiality procedures to ensure that the data is kept safe. SharePoint requires a password in order to gain access to the data and I had to sign a confidentiality contract to ensure I didn?t pass any of the information to other people outside the business. I also was advised by my team to always lock my computer when I left it and to not leave papers on desks that someone could easily read and see confidential information.

    • Word count: 978
  23. Plan an installation and an upgrade of security software.

    I will also need to select the most appropriate location for the application to be installed as this could be the main hard drive or an external one. Lastly, I will define a suitable procedure for the installation. This will involve checking contents, performing virus scans, backing up data or configuring the software. Also I will consider timing. Installations or upgrades perform at different rates depending on the time that I complete them. I will complete the installation in the evening because it will run faster and more efficiently due to no traffic on the servers.

    • Word count: 766
  24. In this report I will justify reasons for upgrading Microsoft Office 2013 to Microsoft Office 2016.

    Not only that but thanks to Skype you can now have in-app integration, instant messaging, screen share, talk or video chat right in your docs. This is great for an IT company to ensure that all staff are working together as a team on different tasks, encouraging communication amongst the company. There are other skype benefits. There is now HD Video and co-authoring, Office 365 Groups that are now available as part of Outlook and on iOS, Android, and Windows and the ability to set of Office mobile apps across Windows, Android, and iOS. Additionally, there are benefits to Outlook.

    • Word count: 780
  25. Explain the requirements in preparing for a software installation and upgrade

    You will also need to select the most appropriate location for the application to be installed as this could be the main hard drive or an external one. Lastly, you need to define a suitable procedure for the installation. It will usually involve checking contents, performing virus scans, backing up data or configuring the software. Also timing is an important thing to consider. Installations or upgrades perform at different rates depending on the time that you complete them. If you doing it during the day, it will take a long time because there is high demand at this time.

    • Word count: 905

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