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AS and A Level: Information Systems and Communication

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  1. To What Extent Was the Poor Law a New Poor Law?

    The poor law commission were appointed to draw up a bill which recommended how poor relief could be improved in England and Wales. Three commissioners were appointed to oversee the investigations. They were mainly politically prominent figures, who had no real care for how the poor law was. These were based in London, and given the power to issue regulations regarding how the poor relief was given. In the commissions, the workers were paid �2000 a year to investigate. This was unlike anything that had been previously carried out, and meant that the report was more likely to be reliable, as they were more qualified, and had experience in these matters.

    • Word count: 1067
  2. Industry standards - Ensuring communication standards are followed.

    Without standards, only hardware and software from the same vendor could be used together. One Organisation called the "International Standards Organisation" (ISO) has created a reference model called the OSI model. This reference model is a great aid for educating people on the way computers communicate with each other. The OSI reference model The OSI reference model was introduced by the ISO in 1984 to facilitate multi vendor equipment interoperability, in other words to make sure products of different vendors would interoperate (work together)

    • Word count: 7937
  3. This assignment consists of having an interview with Mrs.Atwell and asking her all the relevant questions to do with her job in Carlton Bolling College.

    can be rejected by the organisations > Can take time writing > Will be spoiled by poor usage of language spelling and punctuation Memos (Memorandum) A memo is a short description of confirmation of information. It is used within an organisation and is used internally. Mrs.Atwell uses memos to send information about, if the student has got the placement or not. Memos are not laid out in letterform but in a short brief description. Advantages > Can be written as a brief description > Has formal authority > Can be passed on quickly > Copied for future reference Disadvantages >

    • Word count: 3201
  4. Communication in business.

    External communications on the other hand take place between the organisation and the outside world. Internal Communications Highly automated production lines allow controllers to adjust the continuous production flow system to match demand for each make of car. One of the greatest measures of improved working systems at Jaguar has been to match the supply of new cars coming off the line at Castle Bromwich to the demand to the Jaguar customers. Given the demand for the Jaguar cars, production managers are able to calculate the volume of cars that need to come off the production line in any one week.

    • Word count: 1083
  5. The Battle of Britain, 1940 Contribution of Fighter Command.

    The operating headquarters of Fighter Command was Bentley Priory, where it passed information on to the Filter Room on finding out of a possible attack, and so the Group Operations room was alerted, and the commanders would choose which sector would intercept, and the fighter squadrons were also alerted. Contribution of Radar (Radio Direction Finding) This was very important to the defence network, as when a new generation of faster, better aircrafts were designed, the British knew that their early warning techniques must improve.

    • Word count: 523
  6. In this chapter we'll take a look at some of the ways in which information technology is used in medicine, and the benefits that it has brought to people with disabilities.

    Vast amounts of data on symptoms and illnesses are stored in a 'knowledge base' that can help a doctor to arrive at a preliminary diagnosis. * Surgeons can perform operations at remote locations using a remotely controlled robot arm. * Computers can model new drugs and test their effects, significantly reducing the time taken for new drugs to come onto the market. Case study: Robot surgeon operates A British robot will next week carry out a biopsy on a live patient in what is believed to be the world's first international robotic operation.

    • Word count: 1534
  7. Electoral College Reform.

    Three times in American history, democracy has been defeated in this way by the Electoral College. Occurring in 1876, 1888 and most recently in 2000, such a catastrophe cannot be taken lightly. In each of these cases, the second place candidate (by electoral college votes) received more popular votes than the candidate who was sworn into office did. If Abraham Lincoln correctly described the United States, as a, "government of the people, by the people, for the people," in his Gettysburg address, then why is the direct choice of the people so blatantly disregarded by the electoral process.

    • Word count: 1059
  8. Do modern surveillance systems represent new systems of power?

    In society today, surveillance often takes the form of closed circuit television (CCTV), in Britain alone, it is estimated that there are 2.5million CCTV cameras in Britain alone (Guardian 2002) and the numbers are growing. CCTV can take two forms, overt and covert, more often than not, CCTV is overt. Other forms of surveillance that are less evident are the monitoring of consumer patterns, which involves tracking the use of credit cards and loyalty cards, Foucault (1969 argued that knowledge is a means of 'keeping tabs' on people and thus having power over them.

    • Word count: 1456
  9. Decisive  Weapons - Apache Longbow

    It is the only combat helicopter in service with the ability to rapidly detect, classify, and engage stationary or moving enemy targets in nearly all weather environments. Its advanced communications and combat capabilities give battlefield commanders the ability to effectively manage the 21st century digitised battlefield. The Apache's technological superiority in the weapons department consists of outstanding armaments such as the M230 30mm Chain Gun, which is capable of 625 rounds per minute, the AGM-114L Longbow Hellfire radar guided anti-tank missile, and the AGM-114K Hellfire II laser guided anti-tank missiles which have ranges of 8km to 12km.

    • Word count: 1028
  10. A brief history of stress investigation

    with the assumption that nothing would happen as saline should have no effect on the rats metabolism. He found in fact that the rats suffered the same physiological alterations to those being injected with hormones. The obvious conclusion is that it is the injection itself that is causing the physiological changes not the substance that is being injected. Therefore the changed state was as a result of the rats' response to being injected. Any of you who are 'needle phobic' would have saved an awful lot of rats having to go through such experiments because you could have dramatically demonstrated that having a needle put into you will cause stress!

    • Word count: 982
  11. What are the arguments for and against a system of proportional representation for Westminster elections?

    the most representative form of PR system, because it allows the voter to cast up a certain number of votes to vote the candidates in different parties. In the FPTP system, because one particular party can be virtually certain to win regardless of the candidate in many constituencies, and it forms "safe seats" in the House of Commons, which leads to low turnout in a general election, and a lot of votes are wasted because the winning party just needs one more vote than any other party.

    • Word count: 1064
  12. What is communication?

    The receiver lets the sender know the message has been received and how it has been received. This is called feedback. If the receiver is satisfied with the feedback the message ends. If the sender is not satisfied with feedback then the message is likely to be repeated - perhaps in a different way. methods of communication Written - the use of the written work and numbers in memos, reports, the agenda and minutes of meetings, letters telex and fax. Oral - use of the spoken work in conversation, giving instructions, meetings, tape recorders, radio, tannoy systems, telephone. Visual - posters, advertisements, charts graphs, computer graphics, and television.

    • Word count: 567
  13. Global Autonomous - Traffic Emergency System

    with sirens blaring to your rear? So, what do you? Where do you go? How do you get out of the way? I mean after all, it is reasonably to assume that every call for aid is a matter of life or death. If we perceive this to true then most expeditious manner of saving lives is to bring aid quickly. If we accept the premise that in order to save lives, we must increase our response time to such calls for aid, then we must ask ourselves how? We will discuss the how, a little later.

    • Word count: 1622
  14. Describe the condition of Britain's railways and suggest how they might be improved

    Commuters are increasingly late for work and some do not make it there at all and at the moment there does not seem to be a long-term plan to resolve the crisis. The rail network is facing staff problems with employees going on strike because they are not paid enough. The journey from my home in Milton Keynes to London (which takes as little as 35 minutes on the train at times) would cost an adult around twenty pounds off peak. With the trains often busy, it is therefore impossible to comprehend why the staff is not paid well.

    • Word count: 595
  15. What do we mean by distributed systems?

    The Sun Operating System, Solaris is another which offers distributed file storage and process execution. What are the characteristics of Distributed Systems? These characteristics are taken from the book Distributed Systems - Concepts and Design: * Networks - they are all networked one way or another * Communication - often message passing * Resource sharing - files, data, processors * Openness - UNIX, Java, CORBA * Concurrency - components of the system may execute simultaneously * Scalability - increasing the size of a system should have no effect other than an increase in performance or capacity.

    • Word count: 613
  16. What are the uses and limitations of non-verbal communication in a specific job?

    Limitations on the job in a lot of respects depend on the family. The job is based on communication and to communicate effectively there has to be open channels of communication. If there is no verbal communication you can not guess what clients want. Without verbal communication nothing can be established. Other limitations of NVC extend to the style in which someone speaks (prosody) paralanguage (tempo, volume, pitch.) Funeral directors have to interact with clients with a genuinely caring attitude and with a good level of empathy. Most are in the position of having little or no professional training with the public.

    • Word count: 801
  17. Communication and Non-communication in Act 2 Scene 2 of Brian Friel's "Translations"

    On the other hand, Yolland wishes to stay in Baile Beag. This is conveyed later in the scene where Yolland states "I'm not going to leave here" and moments later Maire says "Take me away with you, George." If they were able to communicate on a deeper level, then they would see that their relationship, purely emotional and physical, is completely impractical due to contrasting desires. Maire begins to use very primitive English, mispronouncing the elements "water", "fire" and "earth" possibly to demonstrate that their feelings for each other are only primitive, and not intimate.

    • Word count: 831
  18. Regenerative Braking

    This energy is stored in batteries, so that the energy can later be used on reacceleration. This idea is widely used in both pure electric and hybrid electric vehicles. How it works The Honda Insight uses regenerative braking to both recharge its batteries and slow down the vehicle. The car's Integrated Motor Assisted (IMA) motor helps to propel the Insight is also used to generate electricity and recharge the batteries. The more electricity that is drawn from the motor/generator to charge the batteries, the more drag the motor/generator creates, effectively slowing down the car. The simple mechanics in the Insight is that, when the brake pedal is pressed lightly, the car will switch to the deceleration mode, and begin the regenerative braking process.

    • Word count: 1720
  19. Explain The Role Of NVC In Interpersonal Communication.

    However, we must be aware of how gestures can vary from culture to culture. The thumb up gesture of Western Europe, that means good luck, is an extremely rude gesture in Iran. Kinesics is closely linked to gesture. We use small bodily movements that emphasis our speech. Small hand movements, head nods, gaze shifts and facial expressions are all unconscious movements we use while engaged in interpersonal communication. These movements are often used alongside our speech to clarify and punctuate our utterances. Studies show that if we are trying to make our spoken conversation more persuasive we use more open hand movements. Charles Darwin published the first major study of facial communication in 1878.

    • Word count: 1558
  20. Analysis report on for ICT systems in Sawastore

    Bar Code Equipment that already exists. Epos and this is a bar code, monitor and a scanner. You can upgrade to Eftpos. This gives customers cash back. Customers could shop without cash in their hand meaning using the credibility. Main task is Epos. Occasionally Eftpos. Security gives a wide overview of the whole store, whilst on the computers are databases, stock control, accounts such as supplies and staff wages.

    • Word count: 321
  21. Why did regional variations exist in the prosecution of witches between 1560 – 1620? Give examples from at least 3 countries to support you answer

    The main three countries that I will be focusing on in this essay are England, Germany and Scotland. This is because they are all countries full of examples and contrasts in the way they prosecuted witches. England, famous for its Essex trials, which were the biggest in the country, will prove to be a very good example of how the hysteria of witchcraft spreads around Europe. Germany on the other hand is a country, which is famous for a large amount of hunts in their country, such as in the south of Bavaria.

    • Word count: 2204
  22. “Communication is simply a matter of sending & receiving messages” Do you agree with this statement?

    If these disturbed meanings get through it will be received with problems if received at all. Mechanical barrier is something that has interfered with the communication channel i.e. any factor that interrupts or effects the conversation such as telephone, music and especially television. A semantic barrier is where the sender and receiver of a message experience barriers between themselves and as a result do not understand each other. I.e. Stutter, different languages and differing accents. Psychological barrier is the last form of a communication obstacle.

    • Word count: 935
  23. Making Reference To Leading Alternative Systems, Critically Assess the Case For Electoral Reform In the Uk.

    The current system of voting representatives for general elections in the UK is the 'first past the post' or 'simple majority' system. The UK is split into different geographic locations, called constituencies. These constituencies have approximately the same population. As people constantly move, the boundaries of these constituencies have to be altered from time to time to ensure people are receiving fair representation, and in the UK this is done by the Boundary Commision. One candidate will be elected from each constituency to represent it in the House of Commons.

    • Word count: 659
  24. Interpersonal Communication in an Intercultural Setting

    Furthermore, communication between cultures that do not share a similar language is considerably more difficult. Each culture, has its distinct syntax, expressions and structure which cause confusion in intercultural communication. For example, in Asian countries the word "no" is rarely used, so that "yea" can mean "no" or "perhaps". Therefore, an American traveling to Japan might be considered impolite if he ignores this rule. In the same way individuals who are not familiar with a certain language may be frowned upon. Such is the case in the classroom where a student who has a perfect knowledge of a subject may have difficulty expressing his idea due to his inability to write properly and therefore would not receive the grade he justly deserves.

    • Word count: 1448
  25. Internal and External Communications

    Common Forms of Internal Communication The three main ways of communication in a business are verbal, written and electronic. Verbal is communicated by people talking to each other, it is done through telephone messages or recorded messages using answering machines and voice mail. Although verbal information can be obtained quickly it often needs backing up in written form. For example, when you communicate an important message to a work colleague he or she might also say 'could you also email me about that' or 'please can I have that in writing?' Written information will cover a range of paper documents that are exchanged within an organisation.

    • Word count: 800

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