Describe the Powers of the Police to Search and Arrest.

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Police powers

The Police when stopping and searching on the street they first ask where you are going and for what purpose, if they are searching in the public place they have the right to search a person and their vehicle, if the police requires the person to remove more than his coat, he should be taken to a private place, if he is carrying a weapon or the police finds a weapon in his vehicle the person will be believed to be a criminal, and he will be arrested, the police although has to have a reason for searching the particular person, the reasons might be either he fits the profile of a criminal seen in that area or he is acting suspiciously, the suspect might not tell his name ,phone no or address to the police unless and until he is arrested .The criminal then will be taken to the police station and will be kept in custody, the minimum hours of detention is 24 hrs., if the police requires to keep him more than that they have to have the permission of the senior officers, the maximum hours of detention is 96 hrs., if the police need to enquire more about the criminal the police will need to apply to the magistrates for permission.

The criminal can then call and inform someone of his arrest and can then arrange a lawyer for himself, he has the right to take legal advice for free. He may be searched in the police station, and if an intimate search is required it may be done by the same sex officers, this is generally done with the permission of the senior officers, when they believe that the criminal might be hiding something which may be harmful to himself or to others, or may cause physical injury or maybe hiding something which is illegal to carry like a class a drug which he might be importing or exporting.

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The Terrorism act 2010 allows searches because it is believed to be a convenient method for anti-terrorism.

This verdict of the European court of Justice in 2010 was amended in 2012 under the Protection of Freedom Act 2012 which stated that carrying out a search will be valid if the police officer believe that the person is a reasonable suspect of terrorism or he has a terrorist nature.

Section 60 of Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 gives an additional power to the Police , to stop and search in anticipation of violence, in this the police may or ...

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