Describe the roles of the House of Commons, House of Lords and the Crown in the formal process of Statute Creation.
The formal process of creating an Act of Parliament starts with Green Paper, a consultative document containing proposals for reform/new law. This paper allows interested parties to send comments to the government department. Next is the white paper: the actual bill that contains the governments firm proposals. There are two main types of bills, Private Bills and Public Bills. Private bills generally affect a certain area of policy or a specific organisation whereas Public Bills affect the whole nation. Public Bills include: Government Bills and Private Members Bills from individual MPs.
When the bill has been drafted it is passed to the House of Commons, although in rare cases bills can start in the House of Lords e.g. Personal Bills– a type of Private Bill that affects one or two people. The House of Commons firstly have to introduce the bill, set a date for the second reading and have the bill printed up. This is known as the first reading. In the second reading, the House of Commons discuss the principles of the bill, questions are answered and the outlines given. Suggestions with expertise and amendments are made at the committee stage and then in the third reading the House of Commons look at the bill as a whole, here it is either accepted or rejected. So overall the main role of the House of Commons is to propose, draft and scrutinise the points of the bill.