Law reforms occurs when there is a change in law to meet a change in need in society, Describe ways this is done.

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Law reforms occurs when there is a change in law to meet a change in need in the socirty, Various ways to do this.

Judicial change is when courts perform law reform. For example, in the case of RvR the courts departed from common law and held that rape within marriage amounts to a crime. This contributed to a change in society for the position of women.

According to Norman Marsh Reform for the UK, reforms like this rarely happen. There is no state funded systematic process to bring about law reform. It depends on citizens to bring a case to courts and relies on individual’s time need and expense. Hence it is haphazard as it is not in order, and not priorities. The court cannot commission research on the effects of the possible changes in law, they can only decide on how the cases are presented. Precedent also means that it is rigid and very difficult to depart from previous decision. Judges may also restrict their own abilities to change law as they are not elected hence they feel they have no right to alter law.

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Hence most reforms are made by Parliament. They can repeal old and obsolete laws by enacting a new statute, create new law to meet new needs. They can also consolidate law by bringing all successive statutes under a particular area of law and bring them to form 1 single statute. They can also codify law where all rules under a single statute is compiled and put under a newly created statute. This makes law more certain, consistent and accessible. However, if the statute is too rigid, the interpretation might be very narrow, If the statute is too vague, the interpretation ...

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