Tribunals are specialist judicial bodies which deals with disputes concerning particular areas of law.

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Some disputes are better resolved out of court. Alternative Dispute resolutions are methods to resolve disputes out of court. Tribunals are one such way.

Resolving disputes via the fixed legal framework of the court may confbe detrimental if parties prefer to have more control. The aggressive atmosphere may also dvide parties making them enemies, this is bad if there is a need to sustain relationship. Judges may have technical difficulties in understanding cases hence expert witnesses may be called in, incurring time and cost. Privacy Is also an issue as some cases eg business affairs are better kept private. Also, courts will enforced solutions which may not be the most optimum solutions that parties would have preferred. The problems of court hearings calls for the need for Tribunals.

Tribunals are specialist judicial bodies which deals with disputes concerning particular areas of law. They give individuals the entitlements to social rights. The cases are usually between the court and citizens but it may also be between private individuals or to do with employment. An example would be Employment tribunal(deals with discrimination an unfair dismissal), Aslym and Immigratioon tribunal that deals with the appeals on the Home Secretary Decision. The Mental Health Review Tribunal deals with cases concerning the application for the release of sectioned patients.

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Tribunals usually consists of a chairman, and 2 lay person with expertise on the particular area. Hearings are less intimidating and less formal. Gowns and wigs are not worn and strict rules of evidence do not apply. However, tribunals can exercise the power of the state that is similar to a court which is to sentence individuals to prison for contempt of court. In the case of Peach Grey v Sommers, R claimes unfair dismissal from his employer. He sought to put pressure on relevant witnesses. The courts held that interference in a tribunal can amount to contempt of court. ...

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