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AS and A Level: Music

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 4
  • Peer Reviewed essays 1
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  5. 17
  1. Marked by a teacher

    Theodore Adorno's notions of 'standardisation' and 'pseudo-individualism' might be applied to contemporary pop music - Do you see any problems or shortcomings from this approach?

    5 star(s)

    chorus, are all standardised. (Longhurst, B. 1995, p5). Popular music is therefore divided into particular categories or genres of music such as rock, pop, rap, heavy metal and reggae etc, however according to Adorno, all popular music is standardised consisting of verse, chorus, bridge, that are interchangeable from one song to another. The effects of standardisation are often hidden by what the industry calls pseudo-individualisation. These are incidental differences, also known as 'frills' that are put within a song to disguise that it sounds the same.

    • Word count: 2565
  2. Marked by a teacher

    'Compare the presentation and content of the article in the Mirror and the article in the Guardian.'

    3 star(s)

    As this is a broadsheet, I would expect it to be much the same in the actual paper. On the other hand, both papers have used puns in their headings. The Mirror uses 'Don't let music take the rap' and the Guardian uses 'Bullet points'. Both headlines are used for the same reason- to catch the reader's attention and to inform the reader what the article is about. Furthermore, in the tabloid paper the picture of Ice Cube holding a gun promoting his film is very similar to the one of Trevor Nelson in the main article, since they are both wearing black leather jackets and black hats.

    • Word count: 1550
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Stand By Me Essay

    3 star(s)

    There is no music at the start of the scene, but there is music towards the end of the scene (once they have finished talking some music comes on, the music is 50's because it makes you feel as if the film is set in the fifties. There are sounds of birds and crickets (wildlife) at the start which makes you feel as if its real life. The Gang ask Gordie to tell them a story, so he tells them a story about a boy called Lardass, who enters a pie eating competition, he doesn't want to win the competition he just wants revenge.

    • Word count: 792
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Music Industry - Four Roles Live Performance A live performer may play in a variety of styles to suit a particular audience

    Annual income varies according to the success and experience of the musician. The Musicians'' Union sets the following minimum rates for musicians: For musicians playing in gigs, the national minimum rate is �47.50 for up to two hours before midnight. An experienced singer making backing tracks on an album might earn about �350 for a three-hour session. A solo musician on tour could earn between �500 and �2,000 a week, depending on experience. Equity (the performers'' union) sets the following minimum rates for popular musicians who appear in stage or television productions: The minimum rate for performances in large theatres is �320 a week for eight shows.

    • Word count: 3047
  5. Free essay

    Lady ga ga media assignment

    3 star(s)

    On the other hand a rose could mean death also so it then creates some sort of mystery between love and death. Another signifier would be the mansion which is taken at a low angled shot to make it look a lot bigger than it is, this image denotes maybe a sense of wealth and richness within Lady Ga Ga. It then opens out to a huge chandelier and a gentle piano in the background to show some sort of elegance.

    • Word count: 775
  6. Free essay

    Michael Jackson Case Study

    He had nine siblings in total: Rebbie, Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, La Toya, Marlon, Brandon (died at birth), Randy and Janet. The Jackson parents lead their children to their musical careers from young ages, with Michael and his brothers starting out in the Jackson Five. The Jackson Five became a popular Motown group who had many popular hits including "I'll be there" and "Who's loving you". As the group's success gradually declined in the 1970s, Michael Jackson left in 1984 to pursue a solo career, and eventually the group disbanded in 1989.

    • Word count: 947
  7. How successful have your chosen texts been for their industry. (On Beyonce)

    their second album reached the U.K top charts, bills, bills bills in a an upbeat song which talks about the troubles of having a male gold digger racking up the, telephone bills, automobills, etc. The song is still in modern culture today as popular TV show Glee performed a cover on the show in 2011. The song takes a swing at the male population for hounding money off your other halves, you could say that bills, bills, bills is mildly post- feminist as it states the independence of the women and separates traditional shared income of a marriage type relationship between a male & female.

    • Word count: 2515
  8. Representation of artists Jusice & SBTRKT within electronic music

    The artists who I will be writing about are Justice and SBTRKT. Justice, whom consists of French duo, Gaspard Aug� and Xavier de Rosnay produce dauntless house music with heavy rock and metal influences. Since their formation in 2003, they have received 13 nominations and have won 5 awards including Best Video for D.A.N.C.E., this song was included on their album '� ', an album which propelled them in popularity. They have remixed many popular artists such as Britney's Spears & Daft Punk and their remix of MGMT won a Grammy award.

    • Word count: 1355
  9. Coursework Evaluation- Music Video. My research investigation was based upon the narrative of the music video in relation the narrative set by the lyrics. When I began my media project, I had to do research into various forms of narrative and the ways art

    My song choice was I want you1 by Kelly Clarkson; this song has a memorable upbeat tune which therefore encourages the audience to enjoy the song. Another reason as to why I chose this song was due to the fact that, within the recent charts especially, the songs seem to have a depressive mood to them and I therefore wanted to go against what's in the current market. The narrative I used for my music video was a linear narrative in that each event is revealed one after the other in the order they happened in.

    • Word count: 774
  10. To what extent does the media represent people/places by using stereotype? Analysis of Lady Gagas music video LoveGame.

    She carries her trade mark 'disco-stick' which is mentioned a lot lyrically in the song. This scene subverts many stereotypes in the music industry. In music videos it is common to see men surrounded by lots of semi-naked women. However in this video Kahn has switched it up and has put Gaga surrounded by men, making her dominant. The next seen shows Lady Gaga making her way through the subway and dancing with three other men at the bottom of the staircase. The subway seems damaged, used and neglected, very similar to those found in cities and other urban places.

    • Word count: 1089
  11. I will be analysing two different texts, Katy Perry One of the Boys and Tomb Raider Under World. I will consider three different things; Visual codes, mode of address language and layout design.

    Stereotypically boys are not associated with such feminine colours. This shows the text to be unconventional. Also unconventional could be seen in the fact that Katy Perry is the dominant figure in this picture, this is very unusual when an extreme long shot is used. When using the word pop artist usually the words perfection come to mind, however the text suggest imperfection, this could be seen with use of the cloud its covering the beautiful clear blue sky. This could be linked back to the title "one of the Boys" suggesting boys are allowed to show imperfection and this can hint towards the direction of the lyrics in this song.

    • Word count: 621
  12. Intertextuality is a technique, when one text refers to another text or uses its ideas an Ideology. Intertextuality occurs regularly in popular media such as television shows, music videos, or even paintings.

    Many people thought that this stunning painting was a reflection of Monet's home life. However, many critics criticized Monet's painting saying that his painting was an un-real image of real life. In reality, life was much more miserable and this painting was just a dream. Banksy another famous painter criticized Monet's painting, he argued that the life that Monet saw was not reality, he therefore painted a picture of the same scene but much different in many ways. Intertextuality. The picture that Banksy created was dark, gloomy, and a very depressing image of life but it was his opinion on life and not everyone agreed.

    • Word count: 2046
  13. Free essay


    The first scene is in a supermarket that represents a boring and dull life. With a moderate pace, the camera zooms into a man who looks absolutely bewildered and has the sudden urge to escape from this bizarrely ordinary life. As he is in his 40's, you straight away assume that the man is having a midlife crisis and wants to go back to his youth. The man starts to imagine a woman who is a symbol of youth and love.

    • Word count: 1453
  14. The main focus of my investigation is the social function of popular music. The popular music genre helps us to prepare for adulthood and it is a factor in how our gender identity is formed.

    Now, it's no longer a picture of horses but Justin Timberlake that adorns our bedroom walls The main fan base is pre-teenage girls who are beginning to explore crushes and are starting to enjoy listening to music. As the girls grow up, the boy bands lose their appeal, but are still an impact on this stage of their fans personal development. The obsession of boy bands is not a new phase. The Beatles in the 1960's started a new craze, "Beatle mania" a specific group which consisted of obsessed fans, especially teenage girls.

    • Word count: 876
  15. Lady Gaga and Post-Modernism

    Additional references to 'Killer Bimbos', 'Thelma and Louise' and 'Kill Bill' are also made within these two videos. Post-Modernism in 'Telephone' Intertextual reference to Quentin Tarentino's 'Kill Bill' Lady Gaga's 'Telephone' begins where her previous video 'Paparazzi' left off, we then see Lady Gaga thrown into a prison cell where she is stripped and mocked by both the inmates and guards. An intertextual reference is then made when one of the guards comments, "I told you she didn't have a d**k", referring to the media rumors that Lady Gaga is intersex. Additionally, 'Telephone' also makes references to Lady Gaga's songs 'Paper Gangsta' and 'I Like It Rough' in the exercise yard scene.

    • Word count: 905
  16. The Arctic Monkeys album Whatever People Say I Am Thats What Im Not and the reality TV Show Popstars: The Rivals which produced the band Girls Aloud used innovative but very different marketing techniques to sell themselves t

    People are eager to buy into the brand of a band by incorporating that certain image into their personal appearance and lifestyle. For some bands, promotional tactics must fiercely focus on image to sell the product to that particular audience who are themselves branded a certain way. This effort by record labels to promote bands by appealing and emphasizing a certain image is becoming increasingly popular. Scissor Sisters are one example of a band who's image is a central focus of who they are and what they do.

    • Word count: 5529
  17. Genre Conventions of Punk

    Both these factors contributed to the emergence of a few independent record labels. Some of the most famous were, Lookout! Records which was formed by Larry Livermore of the band the Lookouts, Fat Wreck Chords formed by Fat Mike of NOFX, and Epitaph Records formed by Brett Gurewitz of Bad Religion, but technically Lookout! and Epitaph were formed in the late 80's but becoming increasingly popular in the 90's. Pop punk had various degrees of commercial success since the late 1970s, however it has had a massive international commercial success in the 1990s and 2000's, with hit bands such as Fall out boy, Hellogoodbye, New found glory, Sum 41 and Blink 182.

    • Word count: 1650
  18. Evaluation report

    One weakness however I feel is the lack of varying camera angles. Close ups were used a large percentage of the time. Understandably, due to the videos narrative nature and the fact that there are no scenes which involve speech embedded in our video, or cut-scenes, it is difficult to correctly convey feelings or reactions without needing to focus on a characters expression. However, there are more ways to do this. High angle shots can signify authority and low angle shots the adverse.

    • Word count: 1017
  19. Account for the success of pop music in Britain

    The way that young people dressed was almost the same as their parents. They were not a separate group with their own values and customs. British youth culture was small, and was totally dominated by American trends and styles. The British music industry in the 1950's relied heavily on American music which led to British copies, of American-style music. The music industry was controlled from London but was out of touch with the needs and wants of the youth of Britain. However, even in this atmosphere, a uniquely 'British' musical trend emerged in late 1956-57; this was called 'Skiffle', (a kind of simple folk music played by a small group (friends), mainly with rhythmic accompaniment, usually a washboard to a singing guitarist).

    • Word count: 1817
  20. detailed semiotic analysis of a music video

    The relationship between the visuals and the music allows the cuts to be in time with the beat. There are no solo instrumental sections as the video is all-visual around the concept. The video also changes pace with the music; for example, through the build up there are less cuts and longer shots. This happens during the section 1:00 minute to 1:32 minutes.

    • Word count: 423
  21. Free essay

    The Media famously stereotypes rock culture by creating unfounded links with suicides, massacres and drug abuse

    In my personal opinion the thoughts and actions of the public can not be influenced through different forms of music unless they are combined with other circumstances, such as domestic problems, bullying, depression etc. It has been known the rock culture does have an effect on the public of today. "It's Only Rock'n Roll ... But it kills" is a website set up by "Terry Watkins." He believes rock music can twist our minds to become deviant without even realising it, through rock stars who are "preaching for the devil"; he has quotes from songs even from Elton John.

    • Word count: 2322
  22. Compare two music promos'

    The band who are responsible for songs such as 'Fu*k Her Gently' like to be seen as funny and not to be taken to seriously. Such a contrast between the band and the artist it is quite obvious that both videos are not going to be alike and great for comparing and contrasting. Kano's 'Ps and Qs' promo is directed by Alistair Siddons, an up incoming director who works for the production company Colonel Blimp. He is well known in his chosen genre of music - underground UK grime and hip hop and has directed videos for highly respected bands and artists in that scene, such as 'The Streets', 'Roots Manuva' and 'Crazy Titch'.

    • Word count: 1432
  23. Investigate the ways in which hip hop music appeals to male and female audiences, with reference to 50 cent's Amusement Park, attempting to account for its popularity despite its s****t representations of women

    It soon became hard for white audiences to ignore hip hop culture. The East-West coast feud between artists from either side of America, leading to the eventual murders of Tupac Shakur and the Notorious BIG also brought both urban issues and its music in to public light. Gangster rap was a predominant subgenre which was responsible for expressing shocking views (notably rap group N.W.A.'s F*** tha police) and portraying the more violent and misogynistic side of hip hop culture. While it still receives a lot of backlash, hip hop has become increasingly mainstream and popular.

    • Word count: 3442
  24. Critical Evaluation part 1,2 & 3

    In the production of media texts, a treatment are drawn up to demonstrate a video should look like. The treatment is the first part of planning before creating the video. Information that w needed was timing slot, target audience, broadcasting channel, the production team, and what settings and equipment as well as the narrative idea used. We decided that the entire video would be black and white, but the ending scene would be a bright blue sky. The treatment was very useful in assisting us when designing the storyboard.

    • Word count: 3155
  25. critical evaluation

    However, we felt that with some extra effort and willingness to pass with a good grade, we would be successful in making an R'n'B video. Our initial choice was 'still down' by Ashanti ft T.I' because it had a very intense storyline and a catchy rhythm. Both of these artists are very well known and they had not yet released a video for this song. We felt this was an advantage to us, because there would be fewer comparisons to the original video.

    • Word count: 2849

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • With Close Reference to their recent releases, compare how Britney Spears and Sum 41 are marketed.

    "In conclusion, Britney is marketed more two audiences where Sum 41 appear to be marketed for the same type which is skaters and rock fans. Britney appears to be more interested in her fans, while Sum 41 aren't really bothered what anyone thinks and are more concerned making music and having fun. Finally, record companies are responsible for the artists image. Record companies use media for advertising and will have too as the public opinion of artists change when the media portrayal of them changes. ~~~~~~ Pop Music Marketing Coursework Charlotte Grigg"

  • analyse of title credit sequence of Fresh Prince of Bel-Air

    "Conclusion This show has been a success and it is famous all over the world. The "title credit sequence" attracted the audience and this made them to watch it because they wanted to know how he landed up living in Bel-Air. I hope they keep on making new series of "Fresh Prince of Bel-Air" because many teenagers like it and it made people show what Black people can do as well."

  • Compare & contrast ''Pretty in Pink'' & ''Clueless''

    "I enjoyed both films but I preferred ''Clueless''. The colours in this film were much brighter than the colours in ''Pretty in Pink''. I thought that ''Pretty in Pink'' wasn't as good because the film was a bit dull and this made the film look less exciting. The reason why the shots in each film look different is because the camera technology is very different because the films were made just under a decade apart. With the camera shots being different it makes the film look a lot better and the camera angles looking a lot more advanced. Joe Coggin"

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