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AS and A Level: Music

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  1. Describe popular culture in Britian at the beginning of the 1960's.

    However towards the end of the 50's and early 60's they were called 'teenagers'. America had a very large influence on Britain during the mid-50's to the early 60's. Music was one of the key areas dominated by the USA at this time. Most of the music in the late 1950's was by American artists. This was because the British music industry was out of touch with its audience as it only focused on London and not the rest of England.

    • Word count: 516
  2. An Analysis of the X-files Episode.

    The camera then switches to a dark drain hole where out of the gloom appears two eyes. The eyes are yellow and have an unnatural look about them. Now the camera is looking from the perspective of the monster or creature, there is now colour now on the screen and the camera follows the man that was on earlier in the film. There is a thumping sound like a heartbeat and incidental music now builds up suspense. The scene now goes inside an office where the man works. As he walks near to some lifts the music builds up and up and suddenly the doors spring open but it is a false alarm.

    • Word count: 629
  3. Comparison and Analysis of the use of Camerawork in Friends and The Office.

    The camera often pans quickly and unsteadily in order to obtain reaction shots. There is little consideration to position of elements within the frame, this all adds to the raw docusoap style. Zooming is often done shakily in order to catch reactions. The Office is made up of many two shots and the camerawork is unsteady, also characters often slightly slip out of frame momentarily and the camera must quickly adjust when this character becomes active.

    • Word count: 351
  4. How does the director, Steven Spielberg, create tension in the opening scene of the film Jaws?

    As we continue in this motion, the music's tempo continues to increase. Then it stops. We feel safe. We find ourselves in the presence of a community of young, careless adolescents. The harmonised atmosphere, folk music and happy people, is a direct contrast to the fear that we just experienced which also sub consciously builds tension. The group are relaxing near the beach; it is dark so they have a fire, which, as it is a warm orange colour, symbolises safety and security.

    • Word count: 528
  5. David LaChapelle pushes his colours to new extremes while reinventing the vivid palette that is uniquely his.

    initially distinguished by his campy fixation with white-trash culture, LaChapelle is also known for his groundbreaking use of computer manipulation and futuristic fashion shoots and for placing Hollywood celebrities-- from Madonna, Uma Thurman, Elton john to drew Barrymore to the X-files' David Duchovny -- in wildly imaginative and often compromising erotically charged settings. LaChapelle's monstrosities are that breed of gaunt, blemishes human built and enslaved by heavy makeup, lighting and the glorifying voodoo of photographic attention.

    • Word count: 559
  6. How the internet has affected Music.

    However, in previous years, other companies have started to greatly affect the Internet side of this story. The most well known story of a company defying Microsoft's power is the story of Napster and Metallica. Napster provided a free file-sharing service which let millions of users across the Internet 'share' their music files, which meant anyone with this program could download any music that was on another user's computer. Metallica, a Heavy Metal band formed in 1981, are the second highest grossing Heavy Metal band after Iron Maiden. They filed a lawsuit against Napster in the US District Court, Central District of California, alleging that the company encourages piracy by enabling and allowing its users to trade copyrighted songs through its servers.

    • Word count: 926
  7. Explain the process that you went through to create and market your band, you must use specific media vocabulary.

    The words which detonate their band name, such as trouble, and sexy, also depict their 'bad - boy', 'gangster' image. Having decided on an image, and created a 'product', I took steps to create and gain publicity for my band. To start off I created a leaflet, advertising a gig where the band would be performing, including where and when it would be. I made my leaflet colourful, so that it stood out to passers by, our second step was to gain publicity for the band.

    • Word count: 544
  8. Popular culture changed a lot during the end of the fifties and the beginning of the sixties as during the fifties the average weekly wage of an employed adult doubled.

    By 1960 it was being read by more than 50% of woman in Britain. Also for the first time there was magazines that were specifically targeted at teenagers. By 1959 British teenagers were spending eight pound a week on clothes, records, cosmetics and entertainment. By 1961 the first teen magazine successes, "Honey" and "19", they provided advice and information about style, fashion, and music. The British "pop star", Cliff Richard, was the "guy next door" type and many parents and adults had no problem with there daughters/ sons going to see him live. However music copied styles that were popular in the USA, in the forties and fifties using typical "boy meets girl" lyrics.

    • Word count: 994
  9. For our practical production, my group and I are creating a documentary on how music allegedly influences teenagers to do drugs, alcohol and cause violence.

    By now we would have hoped to have drawn the audiences attention; and then show an extract from the documentary. The documentary will include such conventions as interviews, archive footage, fly-on-the-wall and hidden footage, which are very common in reportage documentaries. I am working with Frank Holmes, Saman Parwez and Jitesh mistry. We are all going to share responsibilities for bringing in different equipment, props and other requirements. Frank will be supplying the camera, which will be used to film out of school.

    • Word count: 774
  10. Compare and contrast the opening scenes of Romeo and Juliet (Baz Luhrmann) and Westside story (Robert Wise).

    The writing being in white backs this up as white has the connotation of being angelic. In the background though there is dramatic opera music being played. Opera music is associated with tragedy and from the following scenes we see why this music is played. The music then holds on a few long notes and a deep political voice speaks. This suggest something serious is happening or about to happening. The screen the flashes to a helicopter patrolling a city which looks to be in chaos, a statue of Jesus is shown then a mixture of images displaying death and violence, such as house on fire and gun fights, is intertwined with images of religion and holiness.

    • Word count: 977
  11. The horrible reality of the situation suddenly dawned on me.

    Short life when its over at the age of eighteen isn't it? None of us felt the same that day but we felt worse a couple of days later. The machine had been turned off and my friend was gone forever. The only thing that was going through my head was the good times we had together. Camping out in the summer, taking long walks out to the twenty-four hour station, and just three weeks before he died we ended our relationship.

    • Word count: 585
  12. A report on the Cultural Afternoon held at the IPBA's auditorium. It was organised by the MTCP participants.

    Ed. TESL students. They presented a compilation of the Malay Traditional Dance. The dance was choreographed beautifully and the dancers danced gracefully. The special thing about this cultural afternoon was the way the organiser changed the conductors. The next conductors were the participants from Tunisia and Gambia. The way they conducted the afternoon was very interesting. After they had introduced themselves, they called upon participants from Krygystan, Miss Ainur. She sang a song called Mahabbad, which means love. Even though the audience could not understand her, but the message of the song were well interpreted. Then, all the MTCP participants were welcomed to join the conductors on the stage to introduced themselves.

    • Word count: 711
  13. In this speech, I am talking about two very famous singers, Eminem and Craig David. They are both very brilliant at making songs but in there own and very different ways.

    He always puts her first. He believes that fame is nothing without being able to share it with his daughter and wife. Eminem has made many friends in the music industry, such as his prot�g�, Dr Dre. He has also made a pact with snoop dogg, d12, dido and many other singers. Whereas Craig David has not made a song with anyone and has not shown that he has any celebrity friends, at least in his songs, this could mean he is a true solo artist, or he is a lonely person.

    • Word count: 509
  14. Michael Jackson The King Of Pop

    Crafting a perfect mixture of pop and R&B. Michael and Quincy set out to make a record containing nothing but hit singles. With over-the-top videos for "Billie Jean," "Beat It" and the masterpiece short film "Thriller," Michael became the first black artist to have a video played on TV. Eventually selling over 26 million copies in the US and winning 8 Grammies, Thriller became the international phenomenon of the '80's. When I first heard a few of his songs from his album "thriller", I thought, "What's all the fuss about?"

    • Word count: 926
  15. How does Peter Medak gain the viewer's sympathy for Derek Bentley in this film?

    Whilst the people release Derek Bentley the camera zooms in from a long shot to a close up and also this shows the audience that here he became epileptic. Derek Bentley was a child when he was in the war under the pile of rubble. Later it jumps to the scene when he's in an Approved School. Derek when he becomes a teenager gets scared of going outside, so his sister makes him go outside by telling him that everything will be ok and that his sister will be by his side wherever he goes.

    • Word count: 647
  16. The music industry and the Internet

    On these sites you could select the song you wanted and download it absolutely free. And with the development of broadband Internet, this could be done more easily and ever faster. Of course there was a problem here, the music industry was getting concerned. Since the launch of the first free downloads site (Napster) in 1999, CD sales worldwide have fallen by over 6% and revenues for the big five record company's fallen by over 9%. Record Company Annual sales (1999)

    • Word count: 834
  17. Reggae and its Roots.

    Sound systems appeared all over Jamaica and people danced around them in areas called 'lawns'. The operators also toured the county districts in direct competition with the big bands, and soon took over from the indoor dance halls. In 1954 Ken Khouri started Jamaica's first record company 'Federal Records' pressing licenced copies of American recordings, as well as a few local artists. Following his lead in this Duke Reid and Clement 'Coxsone' Dodd both held their own recording sessions, recording Jamaican artists for exclusive play on their own sound systems in the hope of gaining the upper hand in the highly competitive business.

    • Word count: 935
  18. The music session we recorded involved the following: Acoustic Guitar Vocals

    The microphones we used are listed below: * Senheiser ATM 33 (vocals) * ..................... . (guitar) Another factor we had to consider when setting up the microphones was the distance each microphone had to be from each sound source. Knowing that vocal sound took less time to decay than that of an acoustic guitar we knew that the microphone used to record the vocals had to be closer than the microphone used to record the guitar.

    • Word count: 468
  19. Multitrack Recording

    Shure SM58 (dynamic microphone) Recording: My group had the responsibility of using the Tascam 4 track recorder. We used 2 Shure SM58 dynamic microphones, which were connected to channels 1 and 2. Dynamic microphones are used for loud, low frequency instruments like guitar amplifiers, bass drums etc... and do not need phantom power. Phantom power is a DC current sent through the microphone cable from the multitrack recorder to power the microphone.

    • Word count: 399
  20. Compare & contrast ''Pretty in Pink'' & ''Clueless''

    the fire hydrants along the streets, the students don't have to wear uniforms for school. The students also attend debate class which is not a lesson n our timetable. The fashions and cultural differences are comparable between the two films. Andie, the character from the poor background has earrings in one ear and no earrings in the other ear. Boys and girls wore their hair long, the girls had permed hair. Their clothes were dull, drab and skirts were long. Andie made her own clothes where as Cher had expensive outfits which were colourful & bright, their hair was even dyed bright colours.

    • Word count: 814
  21. The Development and Structure of the Music Industry.

    This brought with it a new incentive and by the 1950's (the third period of expansion) the industry was coming back strong. This even more so in the 1960's with the introduction of tapes stereo's and A tracks, people could now listen to music whenever they wanted even in their cars. Another reason for this expansion was the creation of sub-culture, i.e. teenagers. More people were staying on in education whereas before the war you left school and were considered an adult at the age of 15. These people were not considered adult but were no longer children, this created a separate group perfect for marketing to.

    • Word count: 802
  22. Music is the most influential of all of the art forms. It is more than entertainment. Music has been used as a powerful tool for healing, a means of communication, and a way to lift the human spirit.

    It also has a negative impact on education. "I believe it ruins the imagination of young people and makes it very difficult for them to have a passionate relationship to the art and thought that are the substance of liberal education" (Bloom, 136). Bloom has a very negative outlook on the effects of music. He believes that modern culture, specifically rock music, undermines foundations, and prevents young people from developing insights into a fuller life. I do not fully agree with this. Some music can give a listener hope for a better life. Many lyrics are of dreams and future. The music passes these feeling to the listener.

    • Word count: 962
  23. We made a list of aspects o films at the beginning of the year and we thought that it would be a good idea to look at these and think about what we will do for each of the 10 things

    This way things will look more creepy and things are likely to look more real. It should have the same effect as it did in the film The Blair Witch Project. Editing When we are editing we want it mainly to be full of jump cuts because this is the type that is used when directors want to build pace Atmosphere Dark, creepy.

    • Word count: 343
  24. "It is through what we wear that we all establish our identity." Briefly support or contradict this claim.

    There isn't a human being who doesn't take appearance into account when getting a first impression of someone. It is what initially attracts one person to another and can give an idea as to what the person may be like. However, identity can be established in many ways and clothing is just one of these methods. When looking at a particular group of people, it is usually possible to examine the trends that they exhibit and spot people who look out of place and may be trying to change or enhance their identity through their clothing. Describe the connection between one particular trend in pop music and what its followers wear.

    • Word count: 948
  25. The impact of Elvis Presley on US society during the 1950's was more the result of television coverage of his performance than his music. Use the sources, and your own knowledge to explain whether you agree with thus view of the career of Elvis Presley

    By people listening to radio, they were made to go and buy Elvis's records that then provided his popularity. Source b shows that T.V made Elvis famous. This source has different opinions from adults, and how Elvis affects teenagers. The reason why they said T.V made him famous was because it shows how girls reacts to him and how boys also try to look like him. Adults also say that his lyrics are "un intelligent" and he has no talent etc.

    • Word count: 861

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