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AS and A Level: Music

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  1. Global music sales are presently around $US 37 billion, however there are indications that physical music sales - predominantly compact discs (CD's), mini discs (MD's), cassettes and vinyl - have reached a state of market saturation,

    The increasing role of the Internet in the distribution of music is transforming the music industry from a highly concentrated industry characterized by significant barriers to entry, to one in which - as seen with Napster - every user is a potential distributor. Digitisation and compression technologies Most music is presently sold, stored, and consumed in a digital format (typically CDs). For example, the National Association of Recording Merchandisers (1999) reports that 91 % of all revenues received by music retailers derive from sales of CDs.

    • Word count: 2701
  2. Describe one way in which American Culture has had increasing influence on Britain between the 1930's and the 1980's

    Singers which made all of the young people rush to the dance floor and sing and dance to were people like Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington, Glenn Miller and Tommy Dorsey. These were all very talented singers who sung a variety of songs, but many were swing and Jazz. In the 30's, the Broadway also produced a number of the most famous and lasting American musicals. George and Ira Gershwin wrote the hits "Strike up the Band", "Girl Crazy" and "Of Thee I Sing".

    • Word count: 2077
  3. This essay will examine ideas of Welshness presented by Kelly Jones the lead singer of the Stereophonics and Welsh Poet R S Thomas and explore how they put them across.

    There are four main key ideas/themes in this poem, time, boredom, routine, and escaping. The time of the song is important, because in the video to this song we see people walking back, and the Stereophonics are the only people walking forward this suggesting that Cwmaman is a place where there is no opportunities, and only the Sterephonics are making something out of a bad situation. The theme routine, suggests that there is nothing new going on in Cwmaman, and that everything is the same, people do the same thing day in day out so nothing ever changes, and the

    • Word count: 1573
  4. Changing industries: The Wailers - Catch a fire

    Before this period reggae sold only on singles and cheap compilation albums. The Wailers' first album "Catch A Fire" was the first to brake those rules. It was well packaged and had a great deal promotion put into its release. Although "Catch A Fire" was not an immediate hit, it made a considerable impact on the media. Island Records then arranged for The Wailers to tour both Britain and America. The thinking behind Blackwell's move to give the band such a huge opportunity was confirmed when he stated that rock music had become "stale" and that The Wailers music had "an energy and a fresh feel to it".

    • Word count: 1353
  5. Advanced production critical evaluation

    When we got together we presented our ideas to one another and discussed which we would like to produce. We decided that the song 'bus stop boxer' by 'eels' was most suited to the persona of our group and was the song that we could feel most passionate about. The song has strong personality and style with its tight percussion, gruff, passionate vocals and its daring but delicate interlacing of synths, guitar and organs. The song is very emotive, with evocative lyrics.

    • Word count: 2518
  6. "Conflict is universal and comes in many forms, the conflicts we face and the way in which we deal with them shape our being".

    - William Shakespeare Father and son is an example of conflict between the generations and the expectations parents place on their offspring. It is based on the composers (Cat Stevens) own experiences. The song is a conflict of passions; the father having lost his while the son is just discovering the world and all it has to offer. The father has done the things beckoning to his son and tries to impose on the son his own desires based on his experiences.

    • Word count: 5297
  7. "It is through what we wear that we all establish our identity." Briefly support or contradict this claim.

    There isn't a human being who doesn't take appearance into account when getting a first impression of someone. It is what initially attracts one person to another and can give an idea as to what the person may be like. However, identity can be established in many ways and clothing is just one of these methods. When looking at a particular group of people, it is usually possible to examine the trends that they exhibit and spot people who look out of place and may be trying to change or enhance their identity through their clothing. Describe the connection between one particular trend in pop music and what its followers wear.

    • Word count: 948
  8. The Kinks What do Van Halen, the Raincoats, Mott the Hoople, the Pretenders, Elvis Costello, Big Star, the Fall, Herman's Hermits, the Jam, Kristy Macoll, David Bowie and Blur have in common?

    Whether Ray did or didn't slug someone isn't important- the result is that the band was banded from gigging in the USA for four years. For a band that was just peaking, this was a disaster. Also considering that most bands don't last for four years, it was amazing that the band survived. As it was, they had to watch a flood of other English bands invade the States and rake in the money. Back home in England, their singles scored pretty well though their albums were (financial)

    • Word count: 2273
  9. The behavior I chose to change is to reduce the number of times per week (from 7 to 2) I hit the snooze button in the morning.

    * Set my alarm later so I have to wake up the first time or I will be late. * Cover up the snooze button so I am unable to hit it. * Getting my brother to school by 7:20 and my sister by 8:00. * Have my boyfriend come over on his way to school and wake me up in the morning. The following independent variables showed up after the first week: * The need to change the music on my alarm from country to rock!

    • Word count: 1767
  10. How far did young peoples' lives change beetween the early 1950's and the late 1960's?

    Much of this way of life was due to the hardships of the Depression and World War Two which created a shortage of money and a shortage of money to spend on fashion, music and leisure activities. After World War Two and the end of rationing in 1953, people began to have gradually more and more money. In 1950 the average weekly wage was �7.28 but by 1960 this had increased to �14.10. They could afford to spend more on the latest gadgets or a night out to some form of entertainment.

    • Word count: 1194
  11. Britney Spears or Spear Britney.

    Ever stop to think about how much hormonally-charged energy you put into the quick quips and biting banter? Your life would be considerably more productive if you took some, what's that word again, oh that's it -- action. I'm not suggesting that you incinerate some fresh teeny-boppers. There are laws against it. Yep even in that state of the US. But if you're so fed up of manufactured bands and this article awakes the rebel in you, then I say 'Go Forth, join a band and top the charts!'

    • Word count: 1693
  12. The impact of Elvis Presley on US society during the 1950's was more the result of television coverage of his performance than his music. Use the sources, and your own knowledge to explain whether you agree with thus view of the career of Elvis Presley

    By people listening to radio, they were made to go and buy Elvis's records that then provided his popularity. Source b shows that T.V made Elvis famous. This source has different opinions from adults, and how Elvis affects teenagers. The reason why they said T.V made him famous was because it shows how girls reacts to him and how boys also try to look like him. Adults also say that his lyrics are "un intelligent" and he has no talent etc.

    • Word count: 861
  13. "The beach was empty that morning, even the wind was somewhere else..."

    When I reached the rock, for first time I looked back along the beach and up to the house, the curtains were pulled open and smoke was rising from the chimney. Aunt Beth was already up but she did not come looking for me, either she had not discovered that I was gone or she had seen me and decided to give me peace for a while. I turned my back on the house and the single set of footprints in the sand and climbed the rock.

    • Word count: 1067
  14. Composite soundscape of daily life in a Bosavi village, Papua New Guinea.

    To a Westerner, used to the idea that one's home stops at its walls, and that interaction beyond these involves a projection of the voice or of the self which makes impossible the continuation of normal domestic chores, her behaviour seemed eccentric, to say the least. It was only much later, on my second field trip, that I came to realise that the woman's apparent monologues had always had an audience, and that they were a way of affirming and recreating ties across apartments that made her a part of the longhouse community.

    • Word count: 706
  15. Out of control - Comparison between the first two opening scenes

    The title of the film was shown after the action, which related to what just happened. The opening shot was an extreme close up and after that the shots were really close, we hardly saw the guys' faces, but as the scene went on they were exposed. However, the second scene was much different in the format, style, camera and music direction. This scene was much subtle, much brighter and the length of shots were longer, there was one shot where Dean and him mum were walking through the park, a constant long take was used until they passed the camera- then a panning shot was used (whilst the long take was in progress).

    • Word count: 609
  16. Design or Resurrect A Band / Group

    However it should be noted that the majority of "country" and "oldies" albums are purchased by this group. 3: Teenagers - when broadly stereotyped, teenagers spend a significant amount of their collective funds on music, generally favouring the "rock" genre. There is much competition for sales amongst this sector and the music industry has made it common to merchandise as quickly as possible, any "hit" bands or groups. This leaches as much money from them as possible and then a brief few months is allocated to allow them to gather more money before launching the next craze. Merchandising aids advertise a craze as certain musical tastes will be seen as "cool" to follow - further gathering (financial) support.

    • Word count: 1398
  17. Different Music Publications

    It also contains all the latest pop 'gossip' and features competitions, reviews and interviews with various artists. Metalhammer: This type of publication is aimed at 14-20(max) year olds as it contains 'grunge' and 'greebo' artists such as Slipknot, Papa Roach and Puddle of Mud. It contains all the latest 'grunge' and 'greebo' news and competitions to win certain things. It also features up and coming artists and has reviews and interview with various artists. Kerrang: This type of publication is aimed at roughly 14-20 year olds as it contains artists such as Sum 41, Nickelback and other such artists.

    • Word count: 791
  18. Music Censorship

    Music censorship usually takes place when people become offended on religious grounds. If a person has strong religious beliefs surely no music would threaten that belief system unless they are very weak minded and get the helping hand of the government to silence the artists. Not all censorship is sparked off by religion but it always happens when music goes against somebody's beliefs usually weak-minded people.

    • Word count: 444
  19. Reality Television Show.

    Clips from a session editing, recording would be shown so people get a feel of what the creation of a tune is like. Interviews would be shown including the artist's feelings and opinions of the other artists and what they have tried to do with the tune themselves. Appeal The way in which the show will appeal to the audience is by letting people know what happens while a tune is being created. The audience would enjoy watching a favourite artist in the show because they get to know what they are really like the 'real person'.

    • Word count: 907
  20. How does Hitchcock create a sense of tension and mounting horror in his film 'Rebecca'?

    Danvers and the narrator. They all try to outline the effect that Mrs. Danvers has on Rebecca and vice versa. They also depict the mental battle between the two women. The lighting in the three scenes tries to show the atmosphere of the room at the time, that is the sense of evil, happiness or glory et cetera, and how the character is feeling. The scenes start similarly to each other, with a dark light symbolising distrust or tension around person or object. The 'Morning Room' scene starts with a shadow over the door into the Morning Room.

    • Word count: 2055
  21. Would A New Nightclub Be Successful In Pembrokeshire?

    Research Methodology Primary research gives first-hand information about the market, e.g. Focus Groups, Questionnaires, Observations, Telephone Interviews, etc. I have chosen to carry out primary research in the form of a questionnaire, as this will able me to find out exactly what potential customers want in a nightclub. It will also give me clear, accurate answers to my questions based on the 4 P's - Product/service, Place, Promotion and Price. I will then be able to provide customers with what they really want. This proves me to be market driven. I will personally distribute the questionnaires to a variety of different people to ensure fair and genuine results.

    • Word count: 775
  22. What is so special with Madonna? She has been succesfully famous for 20 years, some artist dont even last one year.

    She started working as a donut salesgirl at Dunkin Donuts and waitress on the side. She allso auditions for Alvin Ailey and Pearl Lange and she was accepted by the Alvin Ailey dance troupe. Later she meets Dan Gilroy who teaches her to play the guitar and drums, they allso wrote some songs together. In 1979 Madonna receives an offer to go to Paris to be a back-up singer and dancer fir a disco singer called Patrick Hernandez who had one hit called Born to be alive. Madonna was given a nice appartment, a maid, a voice coach and a proffesional career guidance.

    • Word count: 2761
  23. The History of Rap

    Rap's origins can be traced back to West Africa where tribesmen held `men of words' in high regard. When slaves were brought to America, the captives mixed the American music with the beats they remembered from Africa. Rap is defined as `spoken words with an underlying rhythm of bass, drums and keyboard sounds'. Words are spoken rhythmically over the music where the accents play an important role. By the 1970's rap was a street art just like the doo-wop in the 1950's.

    • Word count: 703
  24. An Investigation Into The Linguistics Of Football Songs

    The printouts are all from the Internet, mainly from one website (www.footballchants.org), however, I had to use specific sites such as leedsunited.rivals.net because the main site didn't have a club song for Leeds. My secondary data will be three songs - one from the English national team as the whole country will be using it, which will give me an idea of the majority picture and the other will be two songs from grounds around the country whose fans sing 'Southern to Northern Teams' songs such as 'if you cant talk proper shut yer mouth'.

    • Word count: 4076
  25. An investigation into the dangers that are present in the 'mosh pit' at rock concerts.

    Several deaths have also occurred as a result of mosh pit related incidents. It is also found that these incidents could have been easily avoided if greater precautions were taken for the safety of patrons in 'mosh pits'. It has been recommended that it be compulsory for event organisers to take greater precautions in respect for the safety of patrons in mosh pits. 1.0 INTRODUCTION 'Mosh pit' related injuries are found quite often at various rock concerts. This is most likely due to the intensity of the mosh pit. There are however numerous amounts of methods that could be taken to help prevent these incidents.

    • Word count: 1841

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