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AS and A Level: Television

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  1. Character, theme and narrative in the soap opera "Eastenders"

    Location is an immense feature to Eastenders. There are a number of places you anticipate to be featured in each episode - the Queen Vic pub being the most notorious. Also within one street (square) there is 6 places of work - all featured in this one episode. The jobs all being inter-gender and featuring different types of characters who play different roles with a wide range of age gaps. Ie. Garage, launderette, caf�, E20 nightclub and a B & B.

    • Word count: 780
  2. Comparison between contrasting soaps.

    This is what makes Eastenders more popular soap of the two. The scene setting sets a basis of the soap i.e.: in Eastenders the common accents and in Emmerdale the farms etc! The presentational device is much better conveyed in Eastenders. The cast size in both soaps is roughly the same and there are about 15 "main characters" in each! These play the superior roles and the others play large roles but are labelled "extras". In both soaps there are swine's and people that are just gits and there's also the sort of people who are lovely and friendly to everyone weather they like them or not!

    • Word count: 722
  3. Television industry is experiencing significant growth in the UK.

    in 1995 to �7.19bn. in 2000, which is approximately a 71% growth. Now its total value is approximately �10.14bn., which is a further 41% growth comparing with the year 2000. The growth in the industry, however, is not homogeneous. Since 1998, the popularity of the digital television service has been constantly increasing, while analog television has been steadily declining. The high growth rate of the digital television service was due to subscription and pay-television operators, while the share of commercial terrestrial television had been constantly declining until the May 2002, when ITV Digital (the digital terrestrial television provider)

    • Word count: 5856
  4. How is EastEnders Packaged as being a real representation of Britain.

    On 19th February 1985, the BBC released the soap 'EastEnders'. The target audiences for 'EastEnders' were all types of people. It was shown at 7pm so that everybody could watch it. Julia Smith tried to attract viewers in many ways. She attracted the young viewers by selecting actors from 'Grange Hill' i.e. Susan Tully (Michelle Fowler). It helped young viewers to recognise and understand the characters because the characters in 'EastEnders' are the same as in 'Grange Hill' i.e. Susan Tully mentioned her working class character in both programs. Julia Smith also tried to attract the older viewers by introducing prominent actor/actresses from named past series.

    • Word count: 1657
  5. Compare and contrast the codes and conventions of sitcoms.

    During the mid 50s rivalry developed between the BBC and the fairly recently launched ITV. ITV was broadcasting the popular American sitcom called "I Love Lucy", the BBC soon found that it was loosing viewers to ITV and therefore boosted production of sitcoms that include: "Hancock's Half Hour", "Dads army", "Fawlty Towers", "Porridge" and many more which are still popular today. "I love Lucy" sparked off the production off these British sitcoms and maybe if it hadn't been broadcasted here in Britain then probably none of these famous British sitcoms would have been made.

    • Word count: 1485
  6. Soap Operas.

    "Although there are only a handful of studies that deal with the relationship between sexual content in the media an adolescents' behavior, a number of studies demonstrate that television powerfully influences teenagers' sexual attitudes, values, and beliefs" (Pediatrics, p.2). If this is true, it is no wonder that teenagers are starting to become sexually active when they are no ready. By watching soaps, it is apparent how intercourse is the most frequently occurring sexual behavior, although verbal reverences are far more common than visual ones.

    • Word count: 2345
  7. Soap Operas.

    In the article, "Sexuality, Contraception, and the Media," we see how the media have a strong influence on the sexual values of individuals, especially adolescents, The authors state, "Although there are only a handful of studies that deal with the relationship between sexual content in the media and adolescents' behavior, a number of studies demonstrate that television powerfully influences teenagers' sexual attitudes, values, and beliefs." Although sexual activity is a behavior, a person's values and beliefs can reflect in ones behavior, actions and choices.

    • Word count: 2773
  8. In what sense would you describe soap as a women's genre?

    An example of this would be the recent Alfie/Kat love affair. Alfie has always been represented as a man everyone would get along with. A funny, charming good-looking man - something that stereotypically, all women attempt to find. The female audience become fond of him for his character and the fact that they long for someone like him. EastEnders has used the fact that most woman long for these personality traits to make a popular character that they can fixate on, so therefore the character was created knowing the majority of the audience are female.

    • Word count: 891
  9. Do Soaps Represent 'real' life?

    But it could never reach soap-opera Bet Lynch proportions. Similarly, the use of the phrase "If you ever come back here again" has peaked on soap operas at a level impossible to sustain in real life without a face like Phil from Eastenders and the gravelly, 'I-will-whack-you' voice to go with it. There are, also, many illegitimate children born in Britain today. About 40 per cent of all births are now "out of wedlock". But if the soaps were anything to go by, that number currently would be nudging something much higher.

    • Word count: 2551
  10. Final Term Project of Marketing Management.

    3.0.6 PLACEMENT 12 3.0.7 Soap versus Detergent 13 3.0.8 SURVAY 13 4.0 ANALYSIS OF THE COMPANY 14 4.0.1 BOSTON CONSULTING GROUP'S GROWTH SHARE MATRIX 14 4.0.2 GENERAL ELECTRIC MODEL 15 4.0.3 THREE INTENSIVE GROWTH STRATEGIES: ANSOFF'S PRODUCT/MARKET EXPANSION GRID 16 4.0.4 OPPORTUNITY MATRIX 17 4.0.7 FACTORS INFLUENCING COMPANY MARKETING STRATEGY 24 5.0 NEW PRODUCT MARKETING PLAN 25 5.0.1 NEW SOAP 101 FEATURES5.0.2 PROMOTIONAL STEPS 25 5.0.2 PROMOTIONAL STEPS 26 29 ANNEXURE A 30 ANNEXURE B 39 ANNEXURE C 41 1.0 Soap Making An Ancient Art 1.0.1 History of Soap Common soap bars are a 19th century invention, but soap was used in the textile industry and medicinally for at least the last 5000 years.

    • Word count: 4519
  11. Comparison of Spooks and The Professionals.

    it has a clear ending where each problem is sorted out or solved. 'Spooks' has long running themes that carry on throughout the series. There is a great emphasis on physical action in 'The Professionals', which is represented in the characters of Bodie and Doyle. It is fast paced with little room for character building. 'The professionals' are portrayed as one-dimensional characters with little depth or emotion. They are stereotypes of the public view of law enforcement. For instance, Doyle is seen as the more intelligent character that has risen through the ranks of the police force.

    • Word count: 959
  12. In this essay I will be writing about the history of soap operas.

    In this essay I will be writing about the history of soap operas. Soaps started in America, they use to take their names from the American radios. Companies who made soap powders originally sponsored them. Today they prefer to call soap operas serial dramas. Producers thought that calling serial dramas, soap operas gave them a negative reputation in that they do not sound like serious dramas Coronation St was first shown in December 1960. In the beginning a pilot of 13 episodes was made by Granada television at that time it was a fairly new TV production company.

    • Word count: 774
  13. 'I don't know where documentary is going, but at the moment it is fast becoming a soap opera in order to keep it's place in the schedules' Molly Dinton.

    This is because the hybrid forms do not generally have professional actors but consist of 'real' people. Also the programmes are often filmed in cheap locations over a relatively short period of time compared with Nick Broomfield's 'Aileen- The Life and Death of a Serial Killer'. In this recent documentary (2003) Broomfield worked in America for multiple months, which would have been extremely costly. Paul Hanmann, head of BBC Documentary features, says that a reality programme is three times cheaper as comparable light entertainment.

    • Word count: 1537
  14. Each day, the average American TV set is turned on more than 7 hours a day.

    Cultivation is the teaching of a common worldview, common roles, and common values. (Severin and Tankard, 2001). This theory seeks to answer questions regarding the effect of television use on behaviors, perceptions and attitudes. In this paper, I will cover topics relating to cultivation theory and attempt to answer questions from the perspective of a cultivation theorist. The focus of my research is on television violence. To start, Cultivation analysis is the third component of a research paradigm called Cultural Indicators that was started by George Gerbner in 1969. The first, called "institutional process analysis," investigates the pressures and constraints that affect how media messages are selected, produced, and distributed.

    • Word count: 2999
  15. Analyse and explain the way in which a religious or moral issue of concern to Christians has been dealt with in a television soap opera.

    The main characters involved were Ricky, Natalie, Pat and Barry. The storyline begins with, Ricky and his son Liam coming back to the square after a few years away. After a few weeks Ricky is starting to settle down and he is renting a flat with Sam Mitchell his ex-wife, Natalie and Ricky are friends at this point. After a while Natalie realizes she still loves Ricky, her first love, and starts meeting up with him secretly and has sexual intercourse with him.

    • Word count: 1042
  16. Does violence on televison lead to violence in real life?

    He concluded that 30% of the programmes contained some form of violence, with an overall frequency of 1.14 violent acts per programme and 1.68 violent acts per hour. Each act of violence lasted an average 25 seconds leading to violence occupying just over 1% of total television airtime. His research showed that in 26% of violent acts death occurred, but in 61% no injuries were shown and the victim was portrayed as being in pain or stunned. In 83% of cases, no blood was shown as a result of a violent act, and considerable blood and gore occurred in only 0.2% of cases.

    • Word count: 2044
  17. Why have soap operas become an integral part of British culture?

    It is true to say that these very different lifestyles affect and influence the lives of viewers. This is especially true with young, manipulative minds when they're too young to know right from wrong. On the otherhand, I think it is good to follow a soap regularly because it stimulates and interests your mind. Some viewers become literally obsessed with soaps. They have to have their daily fix and no-one can dare to disturb them. It's just them and the box for half an hour or so, which is the usual duration of an episode.

    • Word count: 1774
  18. "The impact of Elvis Presley on US society during the 1950s was more the result of TV coverage of his performances than of his music." Use the sources, and your own knowledge, to explain whether or not you agree with this view.

    Elvis couldn't have wished for better publicity than this brought him, and more publicity (even though it was negative) meant more young people would buy his records, and eventually start to be influenced by him. So basically, without the publicity he got from TV and the heated reactions from the adult generation, Elvis could never have achieved the level of popularity he did with teenagers. In other words, TV was directly responsible for his impact on society in the 50s.

    • Word count: 1305
  19. Opening sequence of two contrasting Soap Operas.

    The opening sequence lasts a total of twenty-four seconds. The opening sequence of an Australian soap In the opening sequence of the soap opera 'Home and Away' it is apparent that the atmosphere appears to be much brighter and more contented, sounds of seagulls (usually found on beaches) and crashing waves can be heard. This instantly hooks the viewer into the surreal get away imitation of a perfect world. The colours are vivid and exotic, and the dark blue background can be easily associated with the ocean.

    • Word count: 918
  20. My practical work in November 2003 was for option 3 - It was a piece of devised theatre work and was based on the style of soap opera.

    When I confided in Marie about the pregnancy she demanded I told Aunt Dee about it, although Shelley did not want anyone finding out about it. So she threatened to tell Aunt Dee about Marie being a prostitute. We had a scene containing an argument about this ordeal. At the end of the scene Aunt Dee phones the house and finds out about the both of us. Our next scene was after Marie had just made business with the father of the baby, Phil.

    • Word count: 646
  21. Discuss the reasons for the success/appeal of the reality television genre and the moral implications the genre raises.

    Today's ones are stricter, like in Big Brother, they are restricted from doing many things in the house. They make sure they don't do this by putting 31+cameras in the environment so Big Brother is able to get every bit of detail from the house hold, and they have 26+ microphones so Big Brother is able to listen to every conversation and make sure the contestants are not talking about issues they are not allowed to talk about such as evictions. To make more people watch the show, Big Brother always give the contestants alcohol to make the viewing much better.

    • Word count: 1686
  22. How is suspense created in the moving image sequence from 'The Untouchables'?

    Little colour is used. The scene is not bright at all, but dull. The shots mainly consist of dark blues and blacks. The colours indicate that the filming is taking place late at night. The colours are used to make the scene seem as though everything is tense and serious. At this point there is no non-diegetic sound, such as the car radio, which is not on. The only diegetic sound comes from Ness and Stone's voices. Stone says to Ness, 'we need to be at the station at 12', and Ness replies, 'we'll be there'.

    • Word count: 3610
  23. What is a soap opera?

    Some imported soaps we get are Neighbours and Home And Away, both from Australia. Soaps appeal to a very wide audience, as there are stories to cater for all age groups: children to pensioners. Also different soaps are aimed at different people. Hollyoaks is aimed at young teenagers, whereas Emmerdale is aimed at an older audience. Soaps centre on different lifestyles, farming and the country in rural Emmerdale, to urban life in Coronation Street; there is something that appeals to everyone. The popularity of soap operas, and what the critics say From newborn babies, troublesome teenagers to grannies with dementia, all ages are presented in soaps.

    • Word count: 1030
  24. Do Sources E and F support the evidence of Source B about the impact of Elvis Presley? Use your own knowledge to explain your answer.

    Sergeant Bilko, the television programme mentioned in Source E (from an American television and radio magazine) was a very popular comedy about army life. Source E shows that its ratings were topped by Milton Berle's show for the first time that season. The reason this show's ratings increased was that Elvis was making his first television appearance on that show. Ratings were important for television programmes as all TV channels relied on advertising revenue to pay for their programmes. Source E is therefore saying that Elvis is making a huge impact, as he is already well known enough (this was only his first television appearance)

    • Word count: 833
  25. Evaluate the extent to which The Simpsons follow the conventions of a typical sitcom - Refer to specific episodes that you have watched to support your evaluation.

    The episodes weren't in any sort of order any episode would come on. You would have main characters like the family and then the other characters friends, neighbours and other family/relatives etc. The narrative structure becomes a problem and it needs to be sorted out, at the end everything is back to normal, it is a simple plot. In the opening sequence of a sitcom called "The Simpsons" they show different stereotypes. The show is about a normal American middle class family. The father in this family is "Homer Simpson" who is a fat lazy slob he is definitely a stereotype because a lot of people are like him.

    • Word count: 1493

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