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AS and A Level: Music
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- Marked by Teachers essays 10
and a Modern, syncopated, dissonant style to express real feelings which is evident in, ?There is no one? through the use of syncopated waltz style with accented dissonances. Rock influences can be found in ?Jesus Christ Superstar? through the use of rock riffs similar to those used by the band ?Deep Purple? in the number, ?Heaven on Their Minds?. Pop style is also demonstrated in the Crucifixion scene through use of piano solo in a modern jazz style. Pop styles are also found within ?Joseph and his Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat? as ?Go, go, go Joseph? contains jazz waltz, electric guitar, and male vocal harmonies in the chorus.
- Word count: 766
In fact, the first chorus number isn?t presented until the second act! The opening of their second work, ?Carousel? in 1945 was also atypical as the music from the rest of the show is based on the overture, ?The Carousel Waltz? instead of the typical prologue in which, music from the show builds the overture. ?The Carousel Waltz? establishes the musical style for the whole of the production as the ?oom-pah-pah? bassline is perfect for the carnival setting and features complex rhythms, chromaticism, and modality to represent the complexity of the characters and their relationships.
- Word count: 832
However, at the end of the musical, she sings ?Summertime?, the chorus? anthem to show that she has now been accepted into the community of Catfish Row and during her duet with Porgy, ?Bess, You is my Woman Now?, she sings a portion of Porgy?s earlier solo, ?When Gawd Made a Cripple? to show that she is the answer to his loneliness. Porgy? leitmotif containing an upward grace note symbolising his stumbling and clumsiness as he is a cripple also features chromatic chords, reminiscent of his small steps, and a perfect fifth followed by a minor third that shows the solidity and folk-like nature he shares with Catfish Row.
- Word count: 637
This number along with, ?Do You Hear the People Sing??, features large scale orchestration and staging; they are both chorus numbers sang by the down-trodden folk to portray their togetherness, as well as their message; a wish for freedom. Arguably, the most dominant theme within the entire production is Fantine?s ?I Dreamed a Dream?; first heard at the docks, it is the most moving piece. It is the rising third at the climax of each line in the verse that is associated with Fantine and is reprised during her death in an extremely flat key with seven flats.
- Word count: 813
A spiritual is a song with religious lyrics sang by black, oppressed workers to raise their spirits. The narrow range of notes within this song shows the monotony and tiresome nature of Joe?s life and his work and the lack of flow, on the beat, repetitive nature of the B section shows the strain of Joe?s work upon him. The use of leitmotif was one of the most important devices used in conveying emotion. This device is fully utilised in the Gershwin?s folk opera musical, ?Porgy and Bess?.
- Word count: 798
A modulating rising semi-tone creates intensity before at last, in the final line, they sing together. Another duet from a similar time period comes from the 1935 folk- opera/musical, ?Porgy and Bess? and is entitled, ?Bess, You is My Woman Now?. In this number, the two confess their love for one another and Bess sings a portion of Porgy?s song, ?When Gawd Made a Cripple? showing that she is the answer to his loneliness. Porgy?s demanding octave leaps on ?You Is?, are offset by the gentle syncopation thus removing the harsh nature.
- Word count: 610
Although in saying this; Ziegfield had good reason to be anxious about the response ?Showboat? would receive, as it was the first musical to deal with serious issues such as racism, marital strife and alcoholism. Up until this point, audiences were used only to light hearted entertainment such as operettas, pantomimes, burlesques and shows of a vaudeville nature; and although these forms of entertainment often contained music and performing, they lacked the integration of music into the play as the Broadway musicals would come to have.
- Word count: 1179