"Like all traditions, the Olympic movement is a mixture of adoption, adaption and invention" (Tomlinson and Whannel) - Outline how these elements can be traced in the development of the modern Olympic Games.
"Like all traditions, the Olympic movement is a mixture of adoption, adaption and invention" (Tomlinson and Whannel) Outline how these elements can be traced in the development of the modern Olympic Games. Over the years the Olympics has adopted and adapted different aspects of the ancient Olympic Games, as well inventing new events and proceedings in order to bring the games into the modern era. When De Coubertin first started to try and re-build the Olympics he didn't want them to be the same as the ancient version but there are still many parts of the games that involve some of the old aspects. When Tomlinson and Whannel mentioned adoption in their statement, they were probably talking about how some of the Ancient Olympic ideas where accepted and approved by the new International Olympic Committee. This is why a few of the Olympic events can be traced back to the Greeks, because they were seen fit to be included in the new Modern Games. Adaption can be defined by those events which the IOC saw had some potential to develop into something that would be related to the Olympics for years to come, so instead of getting rid of them completely they simply changed (adapted) them to fit with their own ideals. If the IOC hadn't adapted some of the Ancient Olympics there would not be much for them to work with and it would have made it hard for them to create such an event. De
Strength coursework The common definition of strength is the ability to exert force against a resistance. In most team sports the resistance you are working against is your own body weight, and although you are not using your maximum strength, you do need to keep working for long periods of time. In other activities, such as weightlifting you are applying more force and working to maximum. This type of strength is different to the strength needed for a sprinter to explode from the blocks. This implies that there are different types of strength and these different classifications of strength are specific for different activities. The classifications of strength are: * Maximum strength - This is the greatest force the neuromuscular system is capable of exerting in a single maximum voluntary contraction. Men tend to be able to exert a greater maximum strength than women because they have a larger muscle mass - the greater the cross-sectional area of the muscle, the greater the force that can be generated. Fibre type also affects strength. For example, fast glycolytic fibres are able to produce more force than slow oxidative fibres. Some muscle groups are stronger than others, not only because of their size, but also because of the shape of the muscle. The fusiform muscle shape, for example the biceps allows most movement, the multipennate shape such as the deltoid provides
Barriers on sport participation plan . Disabled people, e.g. wheelchair and access and use of facilities 2. Opportunities e.g. local football clubs for women 3. Health and Physical Education is a lower priority than other subjects therefore less chance of extra circular activities. 4. Facilities are lacking, inaccessible and deteriorating and supply poor equipment 5. There is a shortage of qualified teachers and leaders 6. Programs are too structured, or too competitive 7. Transportation e.g. to local facilities 8. Pier pressure 9. Costs e.g. golf clubs and membership of David Lloyd facilities. Also cost of equipment 0. Injuries (long-term) Barriers to participation in sport There are many barriers for people in their participation in sport. A barrier in sport is something that for some reason or another prevents a person from taking part, in this case, in sport. There are many types of barriers in sport, which can under, physical factors, psychological factors, financial factors, environmental factors and local opportunities. An obvious barrier to sports participation is a physical factor, were disabled and unable to use facilities. For example a person in a wheel chair. The local facilities may not be well equipped to cater for them. An example of this would be having a ramp to enter the building and specially qualified staff if they wanted to swim. In my local
Unit 12: sports nutrition Plan a diet Having a balanced diet is key for making our body function at its maximum eating to much of the same food group can be bad for our health so it is important we eat the right amounts of food and equal amounts of it. You need to have a mixture of all seven nutrients; Carbohydrates Fats Proteins Water Fibre Vitamins Minerals Having a mixture of all of these will make the body a lot more healthier and reduce the risk of illness and make your body in a healthier state which has its benefits such as better skin, you don't feel as tired, more energy, keep your weight in constant check and improve your immune system helping fight off illnesses, and it can even help reduce the risk of a number of diseases, including: Heart disease Strokes Cancer Diabetes Osteoporosis Carbohydrates are key in a balanced diet our major source of nutrients and calories. Carbohydrates should provide between 50 and 60 per cent of your calorie intake. Your body needs carbohydrates like a car needs petrol it wouldn't work without it. There are two types of carbohydrates complex and simple, complex are such foods as potatoes and wheat as they are high in starch these give you more energy in the long run but the body takes longer to break them down, athletes would normally take this the night before a event. Simple carbohydrates are things high in sugar
Student: Phillip butcher Teacher: Mr Kovacs Year 12 PDHPE Assessment #2 part 1 "Actions needed to address Australia's health priorities" The overall aim of the CVD health promotion strategy within australia was to extend and improve health promotion practice amongst participating organisations. And it was achieved through the collaboration around health promotion training and planning, and the complementary strategies addressing Cardio Vascular Disease (CVD) were developed across all seven states. [Preventing cardiovascular disease A number of important CVD risk factors have been identified. These include Socio environmental risk factors (such as poor material circumstances) (Raphael 2003), psychosocial risk factors (such as depression and lack of social support) (Bunker et al. 2003), behavioural risk factors (such as smoking, physical inactivity and dietary fat intake) (AIHW 2001) and physiological risk factors (such as high cholesterol, hypertension and obesity)(AIHW 2001). A recent evidence based review by the Joint World Health Organisation/Food and Agriculture Organisation Expert Consultation on Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Disease concluded that dietary risk factors for CVD include a high intake of saturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids, sodium, and alcohol (in excess). Protective dietary components include fish and fish oils, potassium,
"Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness"
Question- "Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness" As I have found there are many different definitions and explanations of these 3 terms. Here are a few I have found. SKILL- The ability to select the correct technique on demand. The performance of a function when under pressure from another player. The perfecting of a foot-balling function whether with or without an opponent. The application of correct technique on demand. Organised co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or situation, which involves a chain of sensory, central and motor mechanisms. The learned ability to bring about pre-determined results with maximum certainty, often with the minimum outlay of time or energy or both (Knapp, 1963) TECHNIQUE- How a single performance is performed The method of performance The correct performance of a foot-balling technique A single performance ABILITY- Building block of skills. These are described as people being born with them or developed from a young sporting age (just starting to learn about sport). These include hand/eye co-ordination, flexibility and speed. I can see that to have very good skill you need to be born with or gain at a young age, certain talents. So the basis of sport is built on ability- the basis of a sporting skill. The
Essay Example "Discuss the role of feedback in teaching and learning of physical skills" This document for guidance only - please note relevant rules on plagiarism ref: Claire Haycock (2001) Feedback is used as a guiding tool and is central for good and successful coaching and learning. In order for the learner to learn new skills, there needs to be constant observations of their actions. Feedback is information from the environment which informs the athlete about their performance during and following the movement. Feedback is critical to a successful form of learning. For feedback information to be of any value it should be compared against a model, therefore it is easy to detect and rectify any errors. The models must meet all the relevant criteria and at the same time be flexible to allow for individual variations. A model for a beginner will differ from a model for an expert. It is important that the learner plays apart in their learning and is aware of the model which they are working against as this could stimulate motivation. Feedback provides information about performance. It acts as a motivator especially for learners. I was learning to play hockey and I felt I just couldn't do it. When I hit the ball, it went in the wrong direction. My teacher informed me that my stance was incorrect and so was the positioning of my hands on the stick. Once my errors were
"Dozens of multi-national companies are now filing to pay over £50 million for a 4-year contract for the 'festoon'-the right to use the Olympic rings in corporate promotions" Why are companies so keen to be associated with the Olympic games?
Luke Vaggers P.E. Essay "Dozens of multi-national companies are now filing to pay over £50 million for a 4-year contract for the 'festoon'-the right to use the Olympic rings in corporate promotions" Why are companies so keen to be associated with the Olympic games? Every four years there is a summer and similarly a winter Olympics, they are incredibly popular and effect a great number of peoples lives during the few weeks of the year that they run, for example in the Sydney 2000 Olympic games images of the games reached 3.7 billion viewers in a record 220 countries. In this essay I will examine the Olympic games and answer questions like why it is that they are so popular and why it is that companies will pay these obscene amounts of money to be associated with them. The Olympics is a unique sporting event, it brings together elite performers from all over the world in competition in a huge number of sports. One reason why it is so popular is because there are so many sports in the games there is something that appeals to all viewers. However the games are not only popular with the spectators at home, huge amounts of money change hands during the build-up and it is is seen by businesses as a great opportunity to promote themselves because they are so popular being associated with the games can only have a positive effect. Hence the reason why these
Training Method Examples For Six Components Of Fitness In Football Muscular Strength The best way to train Muscular Strength would be to do a few sessions of weight training. Weight training can be done in a variety of ways. One way of doing weight training would be to find the maximum weight you can lift. This can be done by increasing the amount you lift up until you are unable to lift a weight. Once you have found the maximum weight you can lift, you should then attempt to lift this weight a numerous amount of times. This is more likely to help biceps, triceps, pectorals and the entire leg. Advantage of weight training: Quick and resourceful way of increasing your core muscular strength which can be done in a gym environment or at home. Disadvantage of weight training: Can become very repetitive and can become hard to find interesting. Body Composition The best method to gain good body composition is to do a regular circuit training session. As good body composition is related to good overall body health it is important to train muscles all over the body. Therefore being the best to train all over is to do circuit training. Circuit training will have different stations where there will be a different body part to work on at each. The circuit may always have the same amount of stations each session. But to be able to improve you must vary how long you spend at each
Laura Cwiklinski January 2002 Portfolio Piece Muscle Fibre Types There are three different types of muscle fibre found within the body. Each has a specific set of characteristics that determine the type of activity that a person will be much more able and capable of performing. The three types of muscle found within the body are: -Slow oxidative fibres (SO) -Fast oxidative glycolytic fibres (FOG) -Fast glycolytic fibres (FG) Every muscle contains all three types but not in equal proportions. You will only find one fibre in any one given motor unit. Type 1: Slow Oxidative Fibres The nerve impulse travels slowly to the muscle fibre because the myelin sheath is thin. Slow twitch fibres do not produce as much force as fast twitch fibres. They can however, have high levels of endurance. Slow twitch fibres are far more suited to aerobic work. They contain mitochondria and myoglobin, and have lots of blood capillaries. They have necessary enzymes to help break down fat and carbohydrate to carbon dioxide and water. It is a slower process than releasing energy anaerobically but it doesn't produce any fatiguing by-products. Type 2: Fast Oxidative Glycolytic Fibres. The motor neurone stimulating this fibre has a thicker myelin sheath than the slow twitch fibre, so it can contract more quickly and exert more