• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A look into social exclusion, the barriers women face in terms of participation whilst reflecting on an initiative/case study to prevent this exclusion.

Extracts from this document...


A look into social exclusion, the barriers women face in terms of participation whilst reflecting on an initiative/case study to prevent this exclusion. In the first part of this assignment there will be a heavy focus on social exclusion and the journey which the topic has travelled, moreover the development of poverty leading to eventual social exclusion. Once this has been defined and discussed, the next section will then go onto look at a particular topic, in this case women in football. It will look at their barriers to participation and difficulties they have encountered in terms of exclusion as well as reflecting on how they are trying to combat it. This will be done by looking at a case study, an initiative which has been set up to try and help make the term 'social exclusion' redundant for women who wish to play football and were previously unable to due to the barriers which will be discussed later. Once the case study has been explained, there will be an evaluation of the particular initiative stating how it could be improved and maybe how other initiatives could be set up to achieve the same ambition. It is essential to firstly introduce the commonly used term social exclusion by defining it. ...read more.


Research has shown that women are paranoid or self conscious about their bodies and the idea of wearing small sports uniforms can put them off. This is ironic as physical activity has a positive effect on their bodies. Lack of role model/media representation As mentioned earlier, there are not many role models in women's football. When the World Cup was being held in America (1999), there was quite extensive coverage of the matches and the most popular player which came out of it was Mia Hann, who for a short while became a household name. In England however, the more well known players, such as, are hardly household names compared to those in the male's game. There is a definite under representation of women in football however this is gradually changing due to individual or groups such as the Women's foundation. Sexual orientation It is a common opinion that women who play sports such as rugby, hockey or football are seen as lesbians. This has originated from the fact that these types of sports are seen as male dominated sports and women who play them are seen as unfeminine. Homophobia is quite common in society, so therefore women who play football keep their sexual orientation quiet. Although these days more females are playing sport, many individuals and even many parents try to avoid their daughters from playing sport as it is seen as unfeminine. ...read more.


will be involved in helping train. As well as Hope Powell (England's women's football coach) * The scheme is well structured and organized, (refer to fig.1, framework). A key part of the project was monitoring the participants' progression, moreover this is clear on the different stages of the initiative. * A wide range of exercises where used to vary the training and to keep the participants interested. The initiative, however, seems to lack in advertisement and marketing, for instance, Active Sports is not as well known as it could potentially be. It seems that the initiative itself it a well thought out, well constructed scheme, which has been organised to every last detail in terms of its target audience, its aims and objectives in terms of increasing participation levels. However it has the potential to increase participation levels even more by efficient marketing. This however does highlight one of the barriers of participation, in which female football/sport is underrepresented in the media, for this to be improved, the sport as a whole is in a need of a increase in popularity, until then, participation levels are going to rise, in complying with Active Sports aims, however until the sport itself can reach the heights of the males games, which seems like a difficult and unrealistic task, participation levels in female football will never increase as much as all the relevant initiatives in the UK want it to. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. Coaches always give performers opportunities to develop their range of skills. Sir Alex and ...

    Coaches in should clarify in advance with performers (and/or employers) the number of sessions, fess (if any) and methods of payment. They should explore with performers (and/or employers) the expectation of the outcome of coaching. Written contracts may be appropriate in some circumstances.

  2. Sport and society

    At the start of the 2006/2007 season they decided to buy more high quality players one of which cost �30million in Andriy Shevchenko. Not only are these players worth millions of pounds but their wages are major high as well.

  1. Obesity in todays society

    For example: This Alpen Cereal advertises that there is no added sugar. This would make a potential buyer (who does not relies this advertising tactic) believe that this product will be low in sugar and good for them, but no added sugar mean's that there is no added sugar to

  2. Female Participation in Sport

    experience to be brought to the process of sport (UK Sport, 2003: 5). Although efforts have been made to promote female involvement, research has always suggested that the power structures of many sports are heavily weighted in favour of men (for example, Hall et al, 1989; Cohen, 1993; Hargreaves, 1994;)

  1. We Gave Sport to The World - Social Aspects

    Another major development which influenced sport was the Transport Revolution. During the nineteenth century the canals and road systems were vastly improved meaning that people, services and goods could be moved around the country easily. It meant that areas of the country that were hardly impacted by the outside world before were now open to be influenced.

  2. Practical Team Assignment 1

    * I used this skill using lasses and inside of your foot, lean forward, flat back, and knees bend. I used this skill to travel with the ball in the game situation. * I used this skill using inside and outside of the foot, knees bend, and flat back.

  1. Sport Society IVA

    Due to its worldwide appeal, membership of the Premier League brings with it a range of commercial opportunities that simply cannot be realized in the leagues below. These include significant shares in television revenue, interest from high-profile sponsors, increased season tickets and gate receipts, and greater merchandising opportunities.

  2. Sports In Society

    The number of facilities has increased and the quality has improved encouraging people to participate. The average life expectancy of the population has increased and more and more elder people can take advantage and participate in sport. People with disabilities have better access.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work