Gcse coursework

Section 2

Components of fitness

There are five components of fitness. These are known as:

* Cardiovascular Endurance

* Muscular Endurance

* Speed

* Strength

* Flexibility

Different components of fitness are needed in different situations. There is not just one single aspect of training that makes up fitness. This is because all sports are different in their own ways, which require very varied programmes of training. For example, the type of training for a ballet dancer and a javelin thrower would be extremely different. All of these components of fitness listed above are health related which mean that each specific areas of fitness concern a person's health rather than those elements of fitness involved in the performance of skill. It is what everybody should have regardless of whether or not they do sport as it keeps the body working efficiently. Keeping the body fit includes the following components.

Cardiovascular Endurance

Cardiovascular endurance requires the heart and blood vessels to supply oxygen for the working muscles for long periods of time. It depends greatly on the capacity of the heart and circulatory system. A good cardiovascular endurance means that the heart can pump blood at an average rate. Cardiovascular Endurance is important in football because I need to be able to keep a constant high level of play throughout the game. This means that my heart constantly needs to be supplying my muscles with oxygen in order for me to perform to the best ability that I can.
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Muscular Endurance

Muscular endurance is related to how long your muscles can work at nearly maximum level, over a period of time without causing unnecessary tiredness. Muscular endurance is the practical use of raw strength. It is fundamental for every fitness activity, from the mostly anaerobic weight lifting repetitions to intense aerobic activities like jogging (where specific muscles in the legs are used repeatedly). Muscular endurance combines both aerobic and anaerobic energy. Football is a sport that requires muscular endurance and strength in the lower body in order for the player to work efficiently for the entire ...

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