There is also increased risk by a young performer participating in high impact or repetitive sports. Although osteoarthritis can be reduced through weight loss by these activities the risk could also be increased through these activities, wear and tear of articular cartilage can occur especially when the person has an injury or poor technique, it can speed up the wearing out of the cartilage. It is shown that more people who play high impact and repetitive sports are at more risk of getting osteoarthritis than those individuals who play low impact sport. Children and young adults have a region between the diaphysis and each epiphysis called the growth plate, which is responsible for promoting longitudinal bone growth. There is an increased risk of growth plate damage in high impact sport, it is very delicate and a major impact can cause growth plate fractures, which would stunt the growth of the young performer. Major injuries are more likely to happen to a young performer in an impact sport than a young person living a sedentary lifestyle, and big injuries when young can lead to arthritis later on in life. Another disadvantage to getting an injury early on in life is it could lead to a sedentary lifestyle because they are unable to participate in the sport any more; leading a sedentary lifestyle can then lead to osteoporosis. Repetitive sports often overuse particular joints that can lead to chronic injuries like, tennis elbow, which is the inflammation where the tendon attaches to the humerus.
In conclusion there are more beneficial effects to a young performer’s skeletal system when participating in high impact and repetitive sports, as it improves muscle and bone strength as well as reducing risk of osteoporosis by reducing weight gain. There are risks for the young performer but they are not usually serious and if the exercise is carried out properly and safely, it should minimise the risk of injury.