• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enchance those components of fitness.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enchance those components of fitness. Objectives This essay will investigate the differences between skill, ability and technique and the way in which they are related it will also discuss how sports practices can be structured to develop these three components of fitness. In order to do this, the following will be discussed * What is skill, types of skill and how they are related * What are abilities and how they are different to skills * Types of ability and how they are linked * Ways in which abilities can be enchanced * What is technique * How technique, ability and skill are related * How technique is practiced and ways in which it can improve. * Conclusion- other influential factors that affect performance When we watch elite athletes perform we say they are skilful. 'A skilled movement is one in which a predetermined objective is accomplished with maximum efficiency with a minimum outlay of energy.' Honeybourne et al, 2000 . For example take David Beckham, we see him as skilful because he shows consistency in his performances, his work rate is always very high. ...read more.

Middle

Other examples showing how skill and technique do not necessarily correlate are when a golfer with a technically perfect swing would be inefficient without a degree of accuracy and a discus thrower with the perfect turn would be inefficient without the speed and strength to propel the discus. All the above examples prove that skill = ability + technique. In the way that lacking in ability and/ or technique will cause a problem with the type of skill being performed. 'The efficiency of your swimming stroke is the key to success as a competing or training swimmer,' Peak Performance July 2000. This can be explained in the way that the efficiency of a stroke will significantly reduce wasted energy output through less drag in the water and a cleaner execution of hand and arm entry and recovery. When energy resources of all competitors racing are depleted the winner will be the swimmer that withholds the best stroke technique. Technique can be taught in two main ways; learning the whole method or learning the part method. When technique is being practiced abilities are also incorporated. For example when the technique of an axe kick in karate is being practiced abilities such as flexibility to gain height on the kick and balance to avoid stumbling on one leg are necessary. ...read more.

Conclusion

However successful sports performers that practice a wide range of sports are suggested to possess a superability which underlies and aids specific groups of abilities that are necessary for most types of skill production. For example speed and flexibility are essential in practically every sport skill. IV Top Tots programme provides children from the age of eighteen months to three years with a fun introduction to physical activity. This programme caters for such a young age range consists of a rucksack containing colourful, tactile and safe equipment which has been proven to develop physical skills, movement and co- ordination, concentration and encouraging co- operative play with others V In the early stages of learning abilities that are known as perceptual abilities (concentration, cue reading, attention and vision) are important. However in the later stages of learning making use of perceptual abilities are replaced with 'an inner sense of feeling that this movement is correct,' 2.3.3 this is called kinaesthesis (see appendix vi). This involves making use of more specific and fewer abilities. VI Definition of Kinesthesis (Honeybourne et al, 2000) This is the information we hold within ourselves about our body's position. The information comes from receptors found in the muscles, tendons and joints. The term proprioception is often used in the same way. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Components of Fitness for Netball.

    of times balance was a problem: 4 Number of tactical and strategically plays during match: 3 Week 3: Number of pace changes during match: 8 Number of times I forgot to defend the ball in match: 4 Number of times balance was a problem: 2 Number of tactical and strategically

  2. Basic Techniques and Tactics in Cricket.

    It also upsets their rhythm and flow, and builds pressure on them which leads them into making mistakes. Field settings Captains and bowlers will use field settings to positions the fielders, around the pitch, depending on the situation. There are two types of settings that are used, attacking and defensive.

  1. Describe and explain the components of a balanced diet P6, M4

    Even small amounts of water loss may affect athletic performance. In a dehydrated state the body is unable to cool itself efficiently, leading to heat exhaustion and possibly heat stroke. Without an adequate supply of water the body will lack energy and muscles may develop cramps.

  2. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    Make sure weights bars are tight and properly placed on the machines to prevent the weights from sliding off. Specific training issues/techniques: There are two parts to warming up; there is the Pulse raiser and the stretching. Pulse raiser: a 5-10 minute period of light continuous exercise.

  1. PPP Action plan 2003.

    Make sure you keep your shoulders back, your chest out, your arms by your sides and your back leg bent at almost 90 degrees, but not touching the floor. Return to the start and change legs. Barbell squat A) Rest the bar on your shoulders (never your neck)

  2. My main aim is to complete a training programme, focusing on mainly developing the ...

    to record recovery heart rates, which will be useful when plotting graphs and comparing the number of repetitions completed for each activity and heart rates. Fortunately, I did not feel any aches or pains neither during the training session nor after.

  1. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    Backspin Serve Practice (This will include Serving the ball backspin and there will be numerous targets on the table, where the ball should be hitting) Backspin Serve Practice (This will be a numerous number of balls which I will use to continually keep serving with backspin)

  2. Describing and Explaining the Components of Fitness. Fitness and fitness testing

    The one-minute sit up test is test of muscular endurance in the abdominal and hip flexor area. Procedure *Note if there is any back problems the test should be adjusted or changed - lay on a gym mat or cushioned floor - Have knees bent and feet flat on the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work