Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance

Authors Avatar

Josh Melling

Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance

One of the main ways to enhance a sporting performance is through motivation. Psychologically, the first element everyone needs in order to take the next step forward has to be motivation because without this crucial factor, no one would ever achieve their goal.

 Sage said that ‘motivation is the internal mechanisms and external stimuli which arouse and direct our behaviour. There are two types of motivation.

  • Intrinsic Motivation- this is where internal forces drive us to perform. E.g. emotional feelings and personal accomplishments.
  • Extrinsic Motivation- where external forces drive us to perform. E.g. prizes and money.

Biddell said that performers who are intrinsically motivated are more likely to participate in a sport for a longer time period than those who are not.

        In the premier league to measure players ‘performance’ they use Prozone. This is a method introduced to measure every detail of a player’s performance. It measures from how far they run to how many shots they have in one game. This involves cameras being placed around the premier league grounds so that it allows every aspect of a player’s game to be analysed statistically. This provides an accurate account of a player’s performance within the game.

        However motivation is not the only factor that is needed for a high level of sporting performance.

There is a skill level needed to play elite sport, for example the skill that Cristiano Ronaldo shows week in week out, separates him from the average footballer in the local park.

Join now!

Leadership is also key. Recently Fabio Capello has been appointed the England manager. He brings with him a strict regime on what the players can and can’t do. This leadership will no doubt affect the performance of the England players but for better or for worse we shall have to wait and see.

Visualisation can be important to succeed in elite sport. Steve Backley, once the world record holder of the javelin, stressed the importance of the need to visualise your sport or event in a positive way, in his book ‘The Winning Mind’.


This is a preview of the whole essay