For the purpose of this portfolio my chosen activity is Gaelic football. In this there are a number of physical fitness components involved, both health and skill related

Skill related                                               Health related

Balance                                                    Muscular strength

Agility                                                     Muscular Endurance

Co-ordination                                          Cardio-vascular Endurance

Power                                                      Flexibility

Speed                                                       Body Fat %

Reaction time

Each of these components has their use in my chosen sport, some being more pertinent than others.

Balance: The ability to maintain equilibrium whilst moving or stationary.

         This has many advantages in Gaelic football, from maintaining a steady, straight line while running, the ability to bend down and pick up the ball steadily and efficiently without falling over, and the ability to withstand and stay on your feet if a tackle knocks you off your stride when running.   

Agility: The ability to move the body quickly and under control.

     This is required as it is necessary to move and turn quickly and accurately past players when on a solo run. Or when ‘selling a dummy’ it is important to give a swift dip of the shoulder, of a false hand pass movement to make your opponent go the wrong way.

Co-ordination: The ability to put movements of the limbs together, and control that movement.

            Co-ordination is essential in Gaelic football in many aspects of the game; a ‘toe-tap’ is an excellent example. It requires movements from the hands, arms, legs and feet to be made in a specific and controlled manner and in a certain order. Starting from the dropping of the ball from the hands, to the foot, and the movement of the leg, co-ordination is required all the way through, and without it, there is little chance of performing this elementary skill.

Power: The ability to perform strength activities at speed.

        This involves gross muscle movements, and in actions such as jumping and kicking. The more powerful you are, the higher you are able to jump and farther you can kick the ball.

  Speed: The ability to perform movements at speed.

           This includes running at speed, which is hugely important in a game. With it being needed in some positions rather than others.

Reaction time: the ability to react to a stimulus or stimuli at speed.

      This is necessary in Gaelic football as there are situations when a ball may take an unexpected bounce or deflection off a post or a player, the faster you react to this stimulus, the better chance you have of winning the ball which is an obvious advantage

Muscular strength: the ability of the muscles to apply force and overcome resistance.

        This is advantageous in all walks of life, and especially in sports, of which Gaelic football is no exception. The stronger you are the more force you can generate in each movement, giving an advantage when challenging for possession or in any other action that involves strength.

Muscular endurance: the ability of the muscles to work for prolonged periods of time without fatigue.

               This is needed through out the whole match to ensure that fatigue does not affect performance. This will give the performer the ability to play for longer at their most efficient/

Cardio-vascular endurance: this is the ability of the whole body to work for prolonged periods of time without fatigue.

             This is specifically dealing with the heart and vascular systems, the better cardiovascular endurance you have, and the more efficient blood transportation to the lungs and the working muscles will be. Thus allowing the body to continue exercising efficiently and without fatigue.

Flexibility: the ability to move the limbs through their full  range of movements.

   This is not the most applicable component to Gaelic football, as limbs are rarely forced to their maximum limit. However, being flexible gives the performer an advantage if the situation arose in which the limbs were moved beyond their normal range of movements.

Body fat percentage: this is the amount of fat that is actually in your body

   This does not have a direct link to Gaelic football but it does have an impact on performance. This will affect performance ability, as more fat in the body leads to more stress on the heart, and vascular system. This in turn will decrease cardio-vascular efficiency and therefore performance.

Components of skill and health with regard to individual playing positions in a match.


                                 Reaction time



Corner back                 full back                           corner back

Speed                           muscular strength         speed

Reaction time               power                              reaction time

Power                           speed                                power

                                   Reaction time  

Wing half back                          centre half back                 wing half back

Speed                                         speed                                  speed    Muscular strength                     muscular strength           muscular strength

Muscular endurance                 muscular endurance    muscular endurance

Cardiovascular endurance       cardiovascular endurance cardiovascular



                                    Muscular strength

                                    Muscular endurance

                                    Cardiovascular endurance



Wing half forward                   centre half forward          wing half forward                                      cardiovascular endurance        speed                    cardiovascular endurance

Agility                               cardiovascular endurance         speed

Balance                                    agility                                agility

Speed                                        power                                balance

Corner forward                 full forward                  corner forward

Speed                                speed                           speed

Agility                        muscular strength              agility

Balance                            power                            balance

with regard to individual playing positions in a Gaelic football match.


Reaction time he may need to react quickly to a stimulus of a shot being taken at the goal at pace or unexpectedly and he must save this.

Agility being able to move body position quickly will enable him to get down to the ball on the goal line quicker.

Balance in a 1on 1 situation its essential for a goalkeeper to stay on his feet as long as possible.

Corner backs

Speed corner forwards are usually fast so the defender needs to be out in front especially for quick low balls down the wings, a tactic which many teams employ.

Reaction time he needs to be alert to breaking balls from the full back full forward line mid air clashes or if the ball rebounds of the post he needs to react.

Power strength with power is needed for the defender to muscle past his man if he must, to get the ball first.


Full back

Muscular strength full forward is usually one of the bigger men on the field so Ariel battles are common. Upper body strength is especially needed.

Power needs the power in the air or to get past his man.

Speed he may need to go on a sprint to get to a loose ball

Reaction time it is vital he reacts quickly if a ball hits off a post or keeper drops it.

Wing half back

Cardiovascular and muscular endurance

 Half forwards are used along the wings from their own 50 to the end line, much running is involved in this, therefore high levels of cardiovascular and muscular endurance are required to keep this going throughout the full match.

Speed to be in front of his man for a break ball from midfield or to get the ball to make a defensive clearance.

Power needs to push out of defence to set up an attack.

Centre halfback

Needs all the components of a wing half back although in greater quantities. This is due to the player he marks, the centre half forward is a key figure in all teams and usually the most skilled.

The centre half back will also have to be quick of mind to mark him and to counter act the dummies and anticipate the movements of his man


Cardiovascular and muscular endurance one of the most important aspects of a midfielder’s game. Their position requires them from end line to end line throughout the game.

Muscular strength and power in their position, midfielders need to jump and challenge for the ball in the middle of the field, they need to use their power to jump high to gain possession. They need strength to break through the tackles.

Speed the midfield need to support their attacks on many occasion throughout the match, these attacks must be moved at speed. The runs they make are key to getting scores.

Wing half forwards

Cardiovascular endurance and muscular endurance half forwards patrol much of the wings between the 50-yard lines. They therefore may need to help out in defence as well as attack. They need high fitness levels to do this for the whole game.

Speed is required in a quick darting run to receive a pass out of defence, or to escape his marker.

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Agility and balance needs to maintain balance and control body movements when soloing the ball.

Centre half forwards

Need all qualities expressed in wing half forward only in greater quantities, quick thinking is also preferable, usually the most skilful member of the team.

Corner forward

Speed, agility and balance corner forwards are usually the quickest players on the field. They need to maintain their speed, control movements and body position while going past people.

Reaction time need to be alert for the breaking ball from a full forward, a ball of the post or ...

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