IVA ethics and values task 2
IVA task 2
Case study 1 – Treating all participants equally regardless of gender, race, culture, etc.
When I was younger I played 7-a side football for Billericay Town FC. One session a girl came along and asked if she could join the team. Our manager was very old fashioned and believed that football was a mans game and thought there was no place for woman in football. He agreed to let her join in with the session to see how she was but he was not giving her equal opportunities. For most of the drills he told her to sit on the side as there were too many people for her to join in. When she was let in the manager was hinting not to pass the ball to her but to pass it to another boy. Although the girl was a very good footballer she did not have the chance to show her ability and as results of the session she decided not to come back. This made the manger very happy however some of the players in the team were disappointed as she could have been a good new member to the squad.
B) As Assistant Sports Development Officer I would find this very concerning. It is extremely important that all coaches are trained well ethically. This man is clearly not and he is not aware of equal opportunities. He needs to be taught that everyone should deserve a chance to join a team and by singling someone out it is classed as discrimination. He is stereotyping that all girls are bad at football and not giving this individual a chance. It is important that this coach is taught not to stereotype as this can lead to sporting myths which are not true. After making sure he understood the ethics and values that are required in a good coach I would go back to another one of his sessions where a girl was taking part and see if he has learnt how to teach and encourage all of his participants. I would be looking to see if he was singling them out and giving them equal amounts of encouragement and opportunities as everyone else. It would be useful to send this person on a course on ethics and values so he could learn that everyone deserves equal opportunities and it is not pleasant when they are not being given to you. I’m sure if it was the other way round and he was trying to join a club however he couldn’t. Purely based on his gender he would have something to say about it. A coach should never intimidate an athlete or make it seem they are above them. This will only make the athlete lose respect for their coach and this is not a good bond. The Equal Opportunities Commission and the Sex Discrimination Act 1986 are bodies that ensure everyone is treated equal whatever their background. The Equal Opportunities Commission was established under the Sex Discrimination Act. This statutory, independent body works towards eliminating discrimination and promoting equality of opportunity between the sexes. I strongly support these groups and will help them with their views every step of the way. This coach should always support and motivate everyone whatever their background. The main aim of a coach is to bring the best out of all their athletes and not single some out to others. Coaching is extremely important to the industry of sport and it needs to be taken seriously and professionally. Sport England state that “By 2012 the practice of coaching in the UK will be elevated to a profession acknowledged as central to the development of sport and the fulfilment of individual potential” It is important that coaching is acknowledged as a professional job so that coaches can get the recognition they deserve. However it cannot be taken seriously until these coaches such as the one above is taught how to deal with their athletes in the correct and professional way.
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The way in which I would monitor the effectiveness of the way in which ethics and values are maintained in this sport situation is to use a questionnaire. Once every month I would ask all members of the football team to fill out this anonymous questionnaire and hand it in. By making the questionnaire anonymous it gives all players a chance to get their true feelings off their chests and get to say what they really want to say. In this questionnaire I would have questions such as how the training sessions are going, if they think the coach is behaving correctly in terms of ethics and values and if they think they are learning any new skills and techniques. By creating these questionnaires it gives a chance to get regular feedback from the participants. This is vital as the feedback is coming from the people taking part in the sessions and it is important they are happy. I would also hold regular conversations with both the participants and their parents. This would give everyone a chance to get any of their problems across as well as things they are happy with. I think these ideas would help benefit both the manager and the participants and in turn the club and the community.
Case study 2 – Catering for the needs of disabled people.
Once when I went down to the local gym I saw a disabled man in a wheelchair going into reception. He went up to the reception desk however he was unable to reach the desk to talk to the woman. He asked her nicely if she could come round from the front of the desk to talk to him however she immediately dismissed him and said that the gym did not cater for disabled people. After further inspection it was found that there was no disabled access into the gym or the changing rooms. It was not possible for any wheelchair users to use the gym. The man asked whether there would be any future work to make the gym accessible for wheelchair users however she had no information and was very unhelpful.
As Assistant Sports Development Officer I feel strongly that everyone deserves equal opportunities whether disabled or not. If I was to witness the event above I would be shocked at both the facilities provided by this Company and the attitude from the staff employed. The woman at the desk clearly had no respect for the man in the wheelchair and her attitude is going to lose her company customers. If it was down to me I would get the woman to go on a course that made her see how people in a wheelchair felt in normal everyday life. By making her try to access facilities such as there gym whilst in a wheelchair she would be able to see the complexity and frustration involved with being disabled. Maybe this would change her views on the way disabled people are treated. Due to the Disability Discrimination Act 2004 clubs need to have the facilities for disabled people. This includes ramps, lifts, toilets, parking etc. This gym would need to be looked into and suspended until the correct facilities are installed to meet the needs of wheelchair users. I think that it would be a good idea to have a wheelchair user to go around the facilities and possibly point out the areas that would especially need disabled access. This would work well as no one would know where to put facilities better than a wheelchair user themselves. There should also be different types of activities and deliveries of sessions to accompany the needs of disabled people. Not only will this improve the reputation of the club but in turn will boost population and result in an increase of money to the club. The woman could also be taken on a course to help her communication with her customers. People will not be returning to the club if they are being spoken to in a rude manner and this woman is not helping the clubs success.
Case Study 3 – Observing the concepts of fair play and correct implementation.
Two years ago I was in the Essex Cup Final match for my school. We were the favourites to win and a large reason for this was our striker. He was a very good player and had helped us proceed through the rounds. The other team knew this and thought it would be a good tactic to try and take him out of the game. After 20 minutes a player from the other team make a violent challenge on our striker causing him to injure his leg. He had to be taken off the pitch and could not play the rest of the game; in result of this we lost the final 2-1. This was clearly not fair play on the other teams part and it should have made the victory less sweet.
This is clearly unethical as it promotes unfair play and gamesmanship. The coach needs to be taught that if a team is going to win a match it needs to be fairly otherwise it counts for nothing. He needs to be taught that this is wrong but also why this is wrong. Teaching such a young age group he is setting bad ethics and values for future generations. If I was a coach for this team I would be teaching my players that they need to win a game fairly and not use ‘dirty tactics’ and play with gamesmanship. I would train my players well to be as good as this other player and I would teach them fair tactics that would work against the other team. Having one good player cannot make a team strong, they need a whole squad of good players and by creating this within my own team it would overpower the opposition. Before the match I would say remind my team about fair play and discipline. I would encourage them that they are good enough to win by playing their own game.
I am against this manager’s view as it is clearly unethical. It takes the winning at all costs attitude which we need to get rid of in sport. Vince Lombardi once said ‘Winning is not the most important thing, it is the only thing’ I do not agree with this statement and I would prefer to take an attitude such as sport England. They state that ‘Sport England recognises that inequalities in sport exist. We are working to change the culture and structure of sport to ensure that it becomes equally accessible to all’ This is a positive step forward towards fairness in sport and proves that my point is valid.