Competions in New Zealand netball include:
-National Bank cup- netball’s premier domestic competition
- Fisher and Paykel Series
- Smokefree Netball Provincial Championships
- NZ Age Group Championships
- NZ Secondary School Championships
- A host of regional and local tournaments
- Also common wealth games sport
England is the third most developed country in terms of netball, and has been around since 1895 where it was first played at Madame Ostenberg’s College, England after being introduced from the USA by Dr Toles. Their governing body is:
All England Netball Association Limited
9 Paynes Park
Information about AENA
“To promote and enhance, develop and coach netball as a desired sport throughout England, and to raise appreciation and encouragement of the sport.”
- To recognise and promote national competition
- To encourage, manage and develop high standards of netball administration, instruction and officiating in all regions if the the association.
- To become more media orientated and to implement a marketing strategy.
- To implement and pursue codes of fair play
It is a national governing body of netball in England where the head office is situated full or part time, it takes control of all the county and regional governing bodies. The association is split into different sections which take care of a range of different roles; these include coaching and development of the elite.
It is made up of a board of directors and is responsible for implementing policy through their chair person from each of the committees. Chairman, vice chairman and treasurer are all elected annually by members from the AENA. All committee members work on a voluntary basis and receive no pay for their commitment to netball.
Under the AENA there are 57 affiliated counties one example is Yorkshire here are the contact details for Yorkshire
Yorkshire County Netball Association
Contact: 8 Eden gardens, Leeds, West Yorkshire LS4 2TQ
Within Yorkshire County Netball Association there are 3 governing bodies:
Yorkshire (North) County AENA Representative
Harrogate and District- Kate Davies Tel: 01423 547285
York and District- Val
Yorkshire (West) County AENA Representative
Mrs Suzanne Hewitt
Yorkshire (South) County AENA Representative
Contact: Mrs Barbara Hadfield
Phone: Sheffield (0114 557983)
Then within,Yorkshire there are more local clubs these include some of the following:
ANC Netball Club
Leagues: WYCNA league
Training: every Tuesday 6.30pm-7.30pm.
Calderdale Netball Club
Contact: 4 Willow Dene Avenue, Rochdale road, Halifax, West Yorkshire HX2 7NN
REGIONAL STRUCTURE OF NETBALL IN ENGLAND
Annual General Meeting
Coaching Umpiring Participation Performance Regional Chairmen School
Junior leagues (35)
College/Youth Clubs (85)
Registered participants (55,585)
English Counties League (ECL)
The English counties league was launched in 1988 with 4 divisions of 8 counties; it works on a 2 up 2 down basis, promotion/ relegation system. Also 3 regional leagues which compete to gain a place in the play offs, also entry to one of the four National ECL Divisions.
Age groups are: 3 open teams, 1 U18’s team and 1 U16’s team.
National Club Leagues
This competition was introduced in 1992 with two divisions of 8 club teams; it has become so popular that it now holds 7 divisions with 8 teams. It has a similar structure to the English Counties League and is very nationwide.
Inter County Tournament
Around 50 counties compete in a weekend and this is based on 2 open teams from each county. This championship concludes the end of the season and is just after the English Counties League. Over 1000 players take part and it’s a very exciting event full of netball.
Alex Barlass Inter County Championships
This tournament is the equivalent of the adult inter county championship and has representatives county teams from 2 age group, these are:
1 U18 team (over 16)
1 U16 team (over 14)
National Schools Tournament
This is tournament organised for the pupils attending individual schools throughout the country. The competition starts early in the season with rounds held in the counties against each other and then the winners go through to a regional round, ending in the national finals. This competition is held for the age groups U14- U16 and U19’s.
National Junior Championships
This competition caters for the youngsters and is open to all clubs under AENA. There are 5 heats held as a route to the finals later in the year. There in great population in this competition with around 100 teams entering the area rounds. There are two age groups these include the U13’s and U14’s. The final takes place on one day in June.
National Youth Championships
This is similar to the above competition however concerns the older age group and again this is open to all clubs. Heats are also in the same format of that of the National Junior Championships, with heats taking place in the region and then a final later on in the year. However the final of the National Youth Championships takes place one day in November/December.
This event was established in 2001, and is a private tournament between 6 teams which are:
- Northern Flames
- Northern Thunder
- Team Bath
- Birmingham University Blaze
- London Hurricanes
- Petchey London Tornadoes
With each of the above six teams is assigned a player from the England National and Development Squad. The squad then recruits additional players which often come from these main sources:
- Former International players
- Players from England U19 and U17
- Talented County Players
Each team will host a round of the competition with each team playing on a round robin basis.
The next stage is a finals day where the teams play off against each other depending on their final position in the league table.
The prizes involved are extrinsic as they involve money for 1st, 2nd and 3rd place. The competition takes place during May and June.
THE WORLD NETBALL CHAMPIONSHIP & WORLD YOUTH CHAMPIONSHIP
This takes place every four years at different places throughout the world; however this is agreed 8 years beforehand through representatives from 20 or more of the total 50 countries playing in the competition. The last World Championships was held in 2003 in Jamaica and the next World Youth Championship will be held in 2005 in the United States of America.
The foundations of netball in the commonwealth games began in 1998 in Kuala Lumpur, the results stood as:
The 2002 Commonwealth Games was held in Manchester at the MEN Arena with ten teams competing in the games. The ten teams were divided into two pools of five teams.
The next commonwealth games will be held in Melbourne, Australia in 2006.
INTERNATIONAL TEST SERIES
The Test International Series takes place annually in England; however the invitation to take part is always extended to one of the top world Netball countries. For example in 2001 and 2002 Australia took part, South Africa in 1994 and 2000, Cook Islands in 1995, Jamaica in 1996 and 2000, New Zealand in 1997 and West Indies in 1998.
The major venues used for these competitions include:
- NIA Birmingham
- Gateshead Arena
- MEN Arena
- Sheffield Arena
Each of which a populated audience is expected, as well as other media coverage including BBC Grandstand and Sky TV.
England is not the only country to hold test series other countries throughout the world do and likewise England has been invited to them, such occasions are shown below:
New Zealand- 2001
The England squad had also set up training camps in other countries so that the team can compete in other foreign matches, but also train and have practise matches abroad.
FENA TOURNAMENT (Federation of European Netball Association)
England hosted the 2001 Open and U17 Championships are held in Canterbury in Kent. The England Open team, England U19’s and England U17’s are all current European Champions. The tournament venue rotates around the FENA Countries each year and in 2003 was hosted by Scotland for FENA Open and Wales for the FENA U19’s and U17’s.
Coaching in Netball
There are 7 main coaching awards in netball these are as following:
Level 1 Assistant Coach Certificate
This course compromises of two parts a practical part and a theory part, and the aim is to enable participants to help group beginners to play and practise in an enjoyable environment. It is a type of ‘taster course’ and is for strictly over 16’s. The course lasts for 2-3 sessions and concentrates on:
- Organisation and communication skills
- Safety and injury
- The role of the coach
- The rules of the game
- Planning sessions
- Fair play and coaching ethnics.
Level 1 Coach Assessment Module
This assessment module is a good qualification for anyone who is teaching or coaching in a club, school or leisure centre. It is also a requirement for people wanting to work:
Active Sports satellite academies
Local Education Authorities
People wanting to go on to do the Level 1/Level 2 bridging course
Duration- 1 hour assessment
Level 1/Level 2 Bridging Course
It is designed to give more confidence to coaches and also advance levels of skill and knowledge. It is also an essential requirement for those wanting to continue into Level 2.
- Level 1 coaches
- Teachers, who are not Netball specialists, but have to have experience of delivering netball lessons at school or in clubs around the community.
- Coaches who would like to develop their coaching skills with certification behind them
This coaching course will give coach ideas and progressive practises which they can use in session, also help planning sessions and opportunity to develop, share ideas and gain experience on teaching others. However the cost of the course is £22, and there is no assessment.
Level 2 Club Coach Award
Statement: “The aim of the AENA Level 2 Club Coach award is to enable candidates to effectively coach players of all ages within a range from Beginners to Performance Level in a safe and enjoyable environment.”
However in order to take part candidates must be 17 years old, affiliated to AENA and hold a Level 1 Assistant Coach Certificate. In consists of 17 units with a total of 15 hours, it is based on continuous assessment and putting what is learnt into a practical situation.
By the end of the course a candidate must be able to:
- Identify the principles of coaching
- Apply the basic principles of fitness
- Develop attacking skills with a focus on decision making
- Develop positive defending skills
- Apply the principles of progression
- Employ tactics and strategies in match play
- Explain the application of rules in coaching sessions
- Plan purposeful and progressive sessions and programmes.
The total cost of the course is £50 and on completion you would receive an Award Certificate and Accredication Card, valid whilst still affiliated.
Level 3 County Coach Award
This award is designed for the coaching of more talented players. It is delivered in a modular format and should take about 35 hours workshop time. The course will be completed over a period of 18 months.
The modules include:
The cost of the course is: £250 ( WOT!!!!)
Young Netballer Organiser
This is for 14-18 years old and is for them to take their 1st steps in organising netball games for 7-11 years, under the supervision of a teacher without the knowledge of netball, so it’s open to all. It lasts about 6 hours and its outcomes are that the pupil or participant will be-able to:
- Plan and deliver a safe session
- Identify and teach/coach basic skills
- Progress basic skills into a small game
- Develop the games of First Step and High Five Netball
- Use resources to support sessions
- Introduce relevant/ appropriate rules within a session
- Identify opportunities for children to play netball at schools and in the community
The total cost of the course is £21.00 for unaffiliated peoples.
Athlete talent Identification and Development Workshop
This is an alternative to the Level 3 County Coaching Award, and offers an introduction to talent selection, identification and development.
This is a workshop which will enable the participant to:
- Understand the characteristics of an athlete
- Be able to interpret the levels of performance
- Understand the England Netball Talent Development Pathway
- Understand factors which affect development of athletes
- Work the principle of the Long Term Player Develop Model
The course will take duration of 6 hours and at a cost of £32.00.
First Step Netball and High Five Netball
Both are small games aimed at the young, between 7 and 11 years old, for use in schools, clubs and holiday play schemes to provide fun, fitness and challenge for players of all abilities. They are all the basics of introducing the rules and game of netball.
First Step Netball
Revised version of 4-a-side game launched in 1993, where rules and equipment is adapted to the players ability, this allows them greater freedom around the court and more time in which to make decisions and do something about them.
- aimed at year 3 and 4
- 4 players on the court
- player rotation
- size 4 netball
- 8ft posts
- 5 seconds to pass the ball
- reduced size playing area
- 2 halves of 5 minutes
High 5 Netball
Designed for children of a slightly older age group than First Steps Netball, for those at primary school. Its aims are similar to that above but at a more developed level.
- aimed at year5 and 6
- 5 players on the court
- other roles such as timekeeper, coach, umpire, scorer
- squad rotation
- size 4 netball
- 9ft posts
- 4 seconds to pass the ball
- normal court markings
- 4 quarters of 6 minutes
2004 Active Sport Talent Camps (England Netball academy camps)
Works on the idea of a two day program which is open to 14, 15, 16 year olds and officials under the age of 25. The idea is that the camps
- provide high quality training and educational event for young people,
- advance the infrastructure of the sport
- play a leading role in the Commonwealth Games Spirit of Friendship Festival in 2002
- provide a regional showcase for young athletes, coaches, officials, volunteers and parents.
DRUGS IN NETBALL
Throughout performing at elite level there is lots of competition between athletes and many will do anything in order to succeed such as taking drugs to improve their chance of winning. This is seen as foul play and cheating however it does have other more serious effects such as damaging a persons health.
In netball rules about drug abuse is based upon the Olympic Committee and bans the use of certain classes of drugs and other ways of stimulating the body.
- Stimulants- amphetamine, cocaine
- Narcotics- morphine, heroin
- Anabolic Agents- stanazol, clenbuterol
- Diuretics- frusamide
- Peptide and Glycoprotein Hormones- growth hormone
Although to most athletes this list is quite hard to get confused with yet there are other substances which are classed as banned. These problems arise when treating common things like colds, coughs and hayfever.
In large amounts medicines are used too treat coughs, this can reduce fatigue, increase alertness and increase competitiveness and aggression. This will affect the heart rate, temperature and reduce the ability of the body to lose heat and also result in death. Therefore these types of stimulants are banned substances under Class 1 of the IOC (International Olympic Committee) rules.
Some examples of unusual banned substances include:
- Day Nurse
If there are any queries into the substances allowed then teams can contact:
Sports Council Anti Doping Directorate- 020 7380 8033
SO WHAT IS SAFE??????
All antibiotics, all oral contraceptives, all preparations for the skin are all legal and safe to use.
PAINRELIEF- Aspirin, Paracetamol, Codine, Dihydrocodeine, Dextropoxyphene, all non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen and Voltarol. This includes preparations for migraine such as Migraleve.
COLDS AND COUGHS- Most antihistamines, pholcodeine, guiaphenesin, dextromethorphan.
HAYFEVER- most antihistamines, Haymine is banned it contains ephedrine
Nasal sprays such as Beconase
Eye drops such as sodium cromglycate
ASTHMA- many athletes suffer from asthma and need continuous treatment, if so the medical officer of the AENA should be notified. Legal inhaled substances include: sodium, cromoglycate, theophylline, salbutamol, terbutaline, salmeterol, beclomethasone, fluticason.
Banned substances include: phenylpropanolmine, epgerdrine, pseudoephdrine, phenylephrine.
Examples: Sudafed, lemsip, benyline day, contac 400.
When researching information on blood doping in netball there were no known issues however with an increase in the sport in many European and worldwide countries it is a possibility that this may occur. Other sport’s where this has occurred is in cycling, skiing, dog racing and swimming.
Much of the finance received is through Sport England or other organised governing providers which are superior to the individual sporting governing bodies. However clubs finance is received through sponsorship, this can be a private sponsored or a national sponsor such as ‘mitre’. It is also collected off players as match fees and training fees. AENA will receive money of specific amounts for projects such as a netball courts or a training program or possible tournament from the FENA however these donations will be in good mind stead as they will be such that that England would be holding the European netball cup or likewise.